In order to feed a rapidly-growing population sustainably amid growing pressure from a changing climate, agricultural producers in Southeast Asia will need to build resilience by embracing landscape approaches and adopting climate-smart practices. Their success depends not only on the potential impact of ecosystem services, but also on willingness of farmers to adopt these practices.
2015 marks the United Nations (UN) International Year of Soils. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN says that, “One-third of all soils in the world are degraded and unless new approaches are adopted, globally, arable and productive land per person in 2050 will be one one-fourth of the level in 1960.”
A year of nutrition
Looking back at 2014, it is clear that nutrition became a central theme of IFPRI’s research. Here are a handful of highlights from our research on nutrition from the past year:
Klaus Leisinger is Founder and President of the Global Values Alliance, Special Adviser on the post-2015 Development and Business Ethics to the UN Global Compact and member of the Consortium Board of the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). The following blog is based on a longer Working Paper prepared for the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Patents and innovation in China
Ideas can fuel economic development, which is why legal protection for these ideas—in the form of patents—is an essential building block of a healthy economy. China, once the manufacturing hub of the world, faces rising labor costs due to rising worker wages. As a result, demand for new technologies to replace these workers has skyrocketed. Patents are crucial to encouraging the development of new technologies and innovations, and China has become the world’s largest recipient of patent filings in the world.
Gender differences in agriculture
Gender disparities are a pervasive challenge in many lines of work, including farming. Even as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was producing The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-11, evidence on the importance of closing the gender gap in agriculture was mounting. More recently, IFPRI and FAO partnered on Gender in Agriculture: Closing the Knowledge Gap, a compilation of the growing knowledge base on the gender gaps in agriculture and why we should work to close them.