Understanding Bangladesh’s rapid reduction in undernutrition
As a country’s income level rises, undernutrition rates are expected to fall. However, for years, the mystery of South Asia’s rising income levels existing concurrently with stubbornly high levels of child undernutrition has stumped researchers. Varying theories have flagged lack of proper sanitation, genetics, poor diets and food systems, and ineffective nutrition programming as culprits for the region’s lack of progress in reducing undernutrition. Bangladesh, though, remains a puzzling—yet positive–exception to this “Asian enigma.”
The following story includes excerpts from two recent pieces drafted by IFPRI researchers as part of the Feeding Development campaign hosted by Devex.
Why nutrition-smart agriculture matters
By Howarth Bouis, Director of HarvestPlus
The focus of agricultural policy should be to increase productivity, provide employment and reduce poverty.
How often have you read or heard statements like this?
The following article was jointly written by Sarah McMullan from IFPRI’s Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division and Caitlin Kieran from the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets.
Increasing the number of toilets and changing behaviour can cut stunting
This blog story by IFPRI senior researcher Lawrence Haddad was originally posted on The Guardian’s Global Development Professionals Network.
Approximately 160 million children under the age of 5 are stunted. This means they are failing to grow well and lack of height can be a marker of a whole range of developmental setbacks including cognitive impairment.
In a recent interview with the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development, IFPRI’s Marie Ruel offers highlights from her presentation at last month’s Micronutrient Forum Global Conference in Addis, Ethiopia and speaks candidly with interviewer Pascal Corbé about the current state of research and knowledge around food-based approaches to improving nutrition in the developing wo
Research has shown that children who receive adequate nutrition, particularly during their mother’s pregnancy until they are two years old—referred to by experts as the “1,000 days window of opportunity”—are less likely to die or be made ill by diseases such as diarrhea, malaria, pneumonia, measles, and HIV. Yet almost half of all children in the developing world who do not reach their fifth birthday die because they don’t have enough nutritious food and essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin A and zinc, to fight off disease.
In response to a call to action from the White House, the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Research Foundation’s Center for Integrated Modeling of Sustainable Agriculture and Nutrition Security (CIMSANS) has announced a new partnership to analyze how food systems can help achieve sustainable nutrition security.
With the recent passage of both the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the European Union and the Farm Bill in the United States, the EU and US are headed down “divergent paths” in the way their agricultural policies support their own farmers. Nevertheless, both policies feature large public expenditures towards farm subsidies. What type of impact will these policies have on international food security and production and public costs in the US and EU and how will they address the major global food security challenges of the 21st century?