Can the US Farm Bill and EU Common Agricultural Policy address 21st century global food security?

With the recent passage of both the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in the European Union and the Farm Bill in the United States, the EU and US are headed down “divergent paths” in the way their agricultural policies support their own farmers. Nevertheless, both policies feature large public expenditures towards farm subsidies. What type of impact will these policies have on international food security and production and public costs in the US and EU and how will they address the major global food security challenges of the 21st century?

Is volatility contagious?

Price volatility transmission in agricultural commodity markets

Food price volatility can present problems for an array of stakeholders, including countries managing their export portfolios, commodity traders, and especially farmers, as unpredictable prices may result in variable income and food insecurity.

Standards of care

Improving trust in healthcare services in India

The following story was originally published on IFPRI’s Food Security Portal.

Quality healthcare plays a crucial role in improving the lives of the poor. In many developing countries, however, high-quality healthcare can be hard to come by.

Generation gap

Early childhood exposure to famine and its impacts on future generations

Though the effects of famine can extend beyond a single generation, researchers have found that by and large, humans are surprisingly resilient in the face of such extreme nutrition shocks.

Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Conference focuses on growth, trade in Africa

The following is a slightly modified version of a story that was originally published on IFPRI’s Food Security Portal.

The last ten years have witnessed incredible economic and agricultural growth in Africa. Between 2000 and 2010, the continent was home to six of the ten fastest-growing economies in the world.

However, can this growth continue in a sustainable, inclusive way?

Introducing Yemen Spatial

A tool to help the country reach its food security goals

Yemen ranks among the ten most food-insecure countries globally and has child malnutrition rates of nearly sixty percent, the highest in the Arab World. These two figures underscore the country’s future social and economic development challenges.

Mapping ways to help African agriculture

New atlas offers geospatial data resources and insights into obstacles and opportunities

Although Africa possesses nearly half of the world’s uncultivated arable land area, the prospect of expanding agricultural production into these zones carries significant environmental risks and is not viewed by many experts as a viable solution to the region’s myriad food security challenges.

Women hold the key to better nutrition through biofortification

Vitamin A deficiency is a widespread public health concern, particularly for children in the developing world. A lack of vitamin A in the diet can lead to stunted physical and mental development, heighten susceptibility to disease, and even result in blindness and death. In recent years, researchers have turned to biofortification—breeding higher levels of essential nutrients into staple crops—as a means of combatting micronutrient malnutrition. However, the success of this intervention depends upon the willingness of households to adopt the new, higher-nutrient varieties.

A world without hunger

IFPRI and German partners discuss steps during Berlin launch of Global Food Policy Report

At the recent Berlin launch of IFPRI’s Global Food Policy Report, IFPRI Director General Shenggen Fan said eradicating hunger by 2025 is an important ethical and economic goal—and one that can be achieved.