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The Supermarket Revolution in Developing Countries

Policies for “Competitiveness with Inclusiveness” Thomas Reardon and Ashok Gulati A “supermarket revolution” has been underway in developing countries since the early 1990s. Supermarkets (here referring to all modern retail, which includes chain…


High rice prices squeeze consumers

Maria Teresa stands with her children at the doorway of her two-room house in Los Baños, the Philippines. At first glance, all of her children look healthy, but according to a visiting nutrition counselor, they are all malnourished. The youngest,…


High Food Prices: The What, Who, and How of Proposed Policy Actions

The complex causes of the current food and agriculture crisis require a comprehensive response. In view of the urgency of assisting people and countries in need, the first set of policy actions—an emergency package—consists of steps that can yield…


Biofuels and Grain Prices: Impacts and Policy Responses

On May 7, 2008, Mark W. Rosegrant, Director of IFPRI’s Environment and Production Technology Division, testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs on the impact of biofuels on grain prices and its policy…


Going hungry more often: Food prices and the poor

Domitila Revilla Romero, 56, lives in a shantytown on the outskirts of Lima and works as a laundress to help support her three children, her nephew, and her daughter-in-law, all of whom earn increasingly precarious livings. But as food prices rise,…


Rising Food Prices: What Should Be Done?

IFPRI Policy Brief • April 2008 The sharp increase in food prices over the past couple of years has raised serious concerns about the food and nutrition situation of poor people in developing countries, about inflation, and—in some countries—about…