Inclusive and effective collective action

Collective action is a key mechanism for sustainably managing natural resources, facilitating smallholder market access, and handling risk. The Program therefore identifies factors that influence the effectiveness of collective action institutions such as resource management groups, cooperatives, microfinance and mutual assistance groups. In addition, this research aims to overcome barriers to participation in such institutions faced by women, small-scale producers, and other marginalized groups, and to take into account the respective roles of and prospective partnerships with the state, private sector, and local groups.