Land-based resources are a critical asset to poor people in developing countries, who rely on such resources to generate most of their income and subsistence goods. The uses of these resources are wide-ranging and adaptable to varying circumstances, often serving as a form of security against adverse shocks or as a resource that can facilitate access to new opportunities. The management of land-based resources, including cropland, grazing land, forests, wetlands and other land uses can have a major impact not only on the welfare of direct users of these resources, but on others via impacts on flows of environmental services such as prevention of erosion and runoff, removal of pollutants from water flows, sequestration of atmospheric carbon and other greenhouse gases, and preservation of biodiversity, among others. The goal of the research program on land-resource management is to promote poverty reduction through more productive, equitable and sustainable use of land-based resources in developing countries by facilitating the identification, adoption and implementation of more effective strategies (policies, institutions, programs, projects) to promote sustainable land management (SLM) for poverty reduction.
Source: © 1997 Suresh Babu/IFPRI