Millions Fed: Proven Successes in Agricultural Development

Navigating through Reforms

Cotton reforms in Burkina Faso

Jonathan Kaminski, Derek Headey, and Tanguy Bernard

Key period: 1992–2006

Geographic region: Burkina Faso

The intervention: In an effort to revamp an inefficient state-led cotton development strategy, Burkina Faso pursued a gradual and sequenced reform process that, first, strengthened the role of cotton farmers’ groups and, second, partially liberalized input and output markets in the cotton sector. Partly as a result of these reforms, and despite low cotton prices worldwide, Burkina Faso emerged as the leading African exporter of cotton in 2006, with a threefold increase in production since the early 1990s. Reforms and growth in the cotton sector affected over 175,000 households (about 1.8 million people) and generated an estimated 235,000 new full-time jobs in the agricultural sector.

Book Chapter:
Navigating through Reforms: Cotton reforms in Burkina Faso
Jonathan Kaminski, Derek Headey, and Tanguy Bernard
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Discussion Paper:
Institutional reform in the Burkinabè cotton sector and its impacts on incomes and food security: 1996-2006
Kaminski, Jonathan; Headey, Derek; Bernard, Tanguy. 2009. IFPRI Discussion Paper 920.
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