Millions Fed: Proven Successes in Agricultural Development

Transforming Agriculture

The Green Revolution in Asia

Peter B. R. Hazell

Key period: 1965–1985

Geographic region: Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

The intervention: The breeding of improved rice and wheat varieties, combined with the expanded use of fertilizers and other chemical inputs, irrigation, and supportive public policies led to dramatic yield and production increases in Asia beginning in the late 1960s. As the Green Revolution spread rapidly across Asia, the resultant increases in food production—including cereal yield increases of 100 percent between 1970 and 1995—pulled the region back from the edge of famine. Within 20 years, cereal production had doubled and per capita income increased 190 percent, improving livelihoods for an estimated 1.8 billion people in rural Asia and saving large areas of fragile lands from conversion to cropping.

Book Chapter:
Transforming Agriculture: The Green Revolution in Asia
Peter B. R. Hazell
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Discussion Paper:
The Asian Green Revolution
Hazell, Peter B.R. 2009. IFPRI Discussion Paper 911.
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