Millions Fed: Proven Successes in Agricultural Development

Exiting from Collective Agriculture

Land-tenure reform in Vietnam

Michael Kirk and Tuan Nguyen

Case studies:

Reforming economy-wide policies

Key period: 1988-1993

Geographic region: Vietnam

The intervention: Vietnamese land tenure policy reforms that were part of its wider economic reforms under the Doi Moi program enabled the country’s transition towards a market economy. The decollectivization of agricultural production and improvement of land tenure security—along with the liberalizing of markets and promotion of new economic incentives—played a critical role in accelerating agricultural growth, increasing food security, and reducing poverty throughout the country. Between 1986 and 2005, Vietnam’s agricultural growth rate averaged 3.8 percent per year, and Vietnam became a major global exporter of rice, coffee, and other crops during the period.

Book Chapter:
Exiting from Collective Agriculture: Land-tenure reform in Vietnam
Michael Kirk and Nguyen Do Anh Tuan
Download (PDF 457K)

Discussion Paper:
Land-tenure policy reforms: Decollectivization and the Doi Moi system in Vietnam
Kirk, Michael; Tuan, Nguyen Do Anh. 2009. IFPRI Discussion Paper 927.
Download (PDF 563K)