Middle East and North Africa

Macroeconomic and household levels

Middle East and North Africa - Dimensions of food security

Because MENA countries are highly exposed to global food price volatility, natural disasters, increasing water scarcity, and conflicts, macroeconomic balances and people’s welfare are at a constant risk of being impacted by these issues. Whereas the macro-level aspect involves key elements of macroeconomic stability, economic growth, and governance, the micro-level aspect comprises household access to food and assets and services needed to reach a healthy individual nutritional status. Key sectors for improving food security are trade and infrastructure, water, agriculture, health and education.