Food and Water Safety

Conceptual Framework

The subtheme is using a modified risk analysis framework seen in Figure 1 below to enhance food and water safety so as to improve economic outcomes such as poverty alleviation, food security and improved livelihoods. This modified risk analysis framework involves understanding the demand for food safety particularly in developing countries and hazard identification; risk assessment which includes the release assessment, exposure assessment, consequence assessment and risk estimation; risk management, and risk communication.

In the release assessment all potential pathways for disease introduction or food and water safety risks are identified. In the exposure assessment all potential pathway leading to exposure of the disease or food safety hazard are identified. The modification from the traditional approach under consequence analysis is that IFPRI proposes to include an analysis of the impact on livelihoods and an analysis of the cost of compliance. Further, the modification to the traditional approach under risk management that IFPRI proposes to include are behavioral experiments where appropriate which will be used to assess the uptake of intervention, i.e., of identified cost-effective risk minimization technologies. The uptake of interventions on livelihoods (e.g., income, health and nutrition outcomes) will be monitored through a monitoring and evaluation plan. Through the course of the work we will work with national collaborators so as to build their capacity in risk analysis, livelihood analysis and behavioral experiments. The theme also plans to have a comprehensive communication and outreach component to ensure adoption of the interventions.

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