Uganda’s Agricultural and Rural Development Challenge
Uganda is in the midst of a major transformation toward economic growth and poverty reduction that began in the late 1980s. In the 1990s the country’s gross domestic product grew steadily by more than 6 percent a year from a low rate of 3 percent in the 1980s, and from 1992 to 2000 the proportion of the population living below the poverty line declined from 56 percent to 35 percent. This remarkable turnaround has been achieved through sound policies linked to investments and economic liberalization undertaken by Uganda’s government with support from several development partners. Yet challenges in the areas of poverty reduction and sustainable development still remain, including the following: poverty in rural areas, public expenditures efficiency in the agricultural and rural sectors, competitiveness on regional and global markets, and environmental degradation.
The Uganda Strategy Support Program
Through the Uganda Strategy Support Program (USSP), IFPRI is helping address the aforementioned challenges. IFPRI is working closely with the government of Uganda, represented by the Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) secretariat, and other development partners to provide information relevant for the design and implementation of Uganda’s agricultural and rural development strategies in general, and of PMA in particular.