Climate Change

Research on Climate Change

Climate Change Research at IFPRI

IFPRI’s comprehensive approach to climate change analysis looks at the key drivers of climate change and their possible evolution over time. A scenario-based framework is used to forecast how these major drivers of change will impact food and agricultural systems and food security. Based in part on these projections, IFPRI is developing adaptation and mitigation strategies, including ones that show how alternate climate policy regimes will affect agriculture, food security, and poor people. Developing countries could finance climate adaptation and mitigation strategies with offset payments from developed countries, but the impacts of these and other approaches need to be better understood. Effective adaptation and mitigation could generate income in rural areas, further increasing local capacity to adapt to climate change, but the best means of encouraging these outcomes need to be identified.

Latest Research

The three books in IFPRI’s Climate Change in Africa series examine the food security threats facing the countries that make up the African continent and explore how climate change will increase the efforts needed to achieve sustainable food security. With population expected to grow at least through mid-century, the natural resources needed to produce food will face increased pressure, and climate change makes the challenges greater. Without attention to adaptation, the poor will suffer.

Through the use of hundreds of scenario maps, models, figures, and detailed analysis, the editors and contributors of the series present plausible future scenarios that combine economic and biophysical characteristics to explore the possible consequences for agriculture, food security, and resources management to 2050. They also offer recommendations to national governments and regional economic agencies already dealing with the vulnerabilities of climate change and deviations in environment.

Latest Blog Posts

Water, energy, and food under climate extremes— Are water markets a solution?
IFPRI senior researcher Claudia Ringler highlights the potential role of water markets in the water-energy-food nexus under global climate change

Drought and flood events increasingly make the news in every part of the globe. In 2012, China was in the news for severe summer flooding that caused $14 billion in economic losses. The following year, the country was affected by severe droughts that again had large negative economic impacts, while Central Europe grappled with crippling floods that caused economic losses of $22 billion. The 2012 drought in the United States affected about 80 percent of agricultural land and lowered average maize yields to levels last seen in 1995…read full post.

Collaboration helps Colombia adapt to climate change
Workshop highlights policymaker-friendly tools

When it comes to enacting climate change policy in agriculture, policymakers are often challenged by a range of information and input from different sectors: the research community, the private sector, and the public and policymaking community. What’s more, their policies must account for a range of global forces, from price changes to pressures on land use. To successfully develop and implement policies that mitigate climate change and enhance food security, they need reliable and relevant data that incorporates input from a range of disciplines and sectors…read full post.

Latest Knowledge Product

CASE Maps: Food Security Climate, Agriculture, and Socio-Economic Maps
An interactive visualization tool developed in partnership with StatPlanet that provides detailed, map-based information about a diversity of indicators, including subnational crop area and yields, national average calorie availability, and international trade flows.