• Annual Reports
    In its second full year, the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) has progressed from establishing its research agenda and partnerships, to identifying and assessing key drivers of change, the role of different ...
  • News
    Aflatoxins—naturally occurring fungal toxins that contaminate grains and other crops— pose one of the world’s most significant food safety risks, particularly in developing countries. On November 5, IFPRI will launch a series of 19 policy briefs ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Aflatoxins are a group of about 20 chemically related toxic chemicals produced primarily by the foodborne mold Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Aflatoxins contaminate a variety of staple foods including maize, peanuts, and tree nuts; they ...
  • 2020 Focus
    In 2012, 77 percent of the WFP’s food procurement came from developing countries (OECD 2013). In order to guarantee that food goods are fit for human consumption, WFP uses independent inspection services to perform end-product testing prior to ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Aflatoxins are a naturally occurring carcinogenic byproduct of common fungi on grains and other crops, particularly maize and groundnuts. They pose a significant public health risk in many tropical developing countries and are also a barrier to ...
  • Event
    Aflatoxins—a naturally occurring carcinogenic byproduct of common fungi on grains and other crops—pose a significant public health risk in many tropical developing countries. It is estimated that 26,000 Africans living south of the Sahara die ...
  • Event
    The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the University of Central Asia will host a Research Conference on Agricultural Policy and Food Security in Central Asia, to unveil IFPRI's new Central Asia Research and Capacity ...
  • Video
    CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Improved Nutrition & Health described by the program director, John McDermott, and IFPRI Director General, Shenggen Fan.
  • Online
    Agricultural practices, interventions, and policies can be better adapted and redesigned to maximize health and nutrition benefits and to reduce health risks. The primary focus of the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health ...
  • Staff Profile
    Amanda Wyatt is the Program Manager for the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH), led by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Amanda joined IFPRI in July 2012 as a Senior Research Assistant ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Uganda has made notable progress in reducing micronutrient deficiencies in recent years, but the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and anemia among children under 5 remain unacceptably high. According to World Health Organization criteria, ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Aflatoxins occur in many animal feed concentrates including cereal grains, soybean products, oil cakes (from groundnuts, cottonseed, sunflower, palm, and copra), and fishmeal. Brewers grains (a byproduct from the production of cereal-based ...
  • Discussion Papers
    We examine the role of gender in adoption and diffusion of orange sweet potato, a biofortified staple food crop being promoted as a strategy to increase dietary intakes of vitamin A among young children and adult women in Uganda. As an ...
  • News
    The following story was originally published on the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) blog. The world has rallied around the importance of good nutrition in a child’s first 1000 days – from conception to two ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Biocontrol technologies, in conjunction with other aflatoxin-management tools, can profitably link farmers to markets, improve health of people and animals, and increase food safety. Technology has a high cpacity to reduce aflatoxins. Widespread ...
  • Discussion Papers
    There is a high degree of interest in the potential for agricultural programs to be designed and implemented to achieve health and nutrition objectives. Policymakers have often looked to the experience of civil society organizations in designing ...
  • News
    Research has shown that children who receive adequate nutrition, particularly during their mother’s pregnancy until they are two years old—referred to by experts as the “1,000 days window of opportunity”—are less likely to die ...
  • News
    On Saturday, June 8, the Government of Canada demonstrated its commitment to the fight against malnutrition by announcing an important new contribution, CDN$20 million in new funding to the CGIAR Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) ...
  • News
    Women’s empowerment is increasingly a priority in international development, for reasons of social justice, and also because it is considered an important way by which to achieve development goals, such as those related to health, nutrition, and ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Aflatoxin contamination of food commodities poses major challenges to both public health and trade. It remains a global problem in part because of the attention given to it over the past decades has been insufficient both quantitatively and ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Many interventions have been developed to reduce aflatoxins or their adverse effects on human health. Often not considered, however, is the likelihood that these strategies will be adopted in the countries that need them most—where ...
  • 2020 Focus
    In 2004, the Kenyan Ministry of Health invited the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization to investigate cases of high-fatality jaundice in Eastern Province. Testing of the maize food supply found high ...
  • Press Release
    April 7, 2014, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan— A conference organized by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the University of Central Asia (UCA) to be held from April 8-9 will explore how Central Asian countries can best meet the ...
  • News
    If you learned that a $1 investment in your child’s nutritional intake during infancy would ultimately net an $18 return, would you make the investment? Yes, if you had the means, it’s likely you would. It’s a win-win: healthier child, healthier ...
  • General Information
    The United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID) is the largest bilateral donor to development-focused research. As such, DFID fosters the new technologies and ideas that are essential to tackling some of our greatest ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Despite the policy importance of household nutrition and food security in rural Zambia, we are not aware of any analyses since a 1994 study by Shubh Kumar that have related the adoption of hybrid seed to dietary diversity among smallholder maize ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Researchers, donors, and governments are calling for the scale of the response to the aflatoxin problem to be informed by the scope of the risks involved. While current research establishes that a great deal of the global food supply is at risk, ...
  • General Information
    Agriculture has made remarkable advances in the past decades, but progress in improving the nutrition and health of poor farmers and consumers in developing countries is lagging behind. The CGIAR research program on Agriculture for nutrition and ...
  • News
    Properly functioning markets play a key role in improving the economic well-being of poor populations. But a recent IFPRI event highlighted how markets can do even more, reaching beyond economics to have an important impact on health outcomes. On ...
  • News
    Aflatoxins, naturally occurring toxins produced by fungi in grains and other crops, may be linked to childhood stunting and can lead to liver cancer and even death with chronic exposure. More than a public health risk, aflatoxins also pose a ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In this paper we use the Becker-deGroot-Marschak auction mechanism to estimate consumer demand for biofortified yellow cassava varieties in two states of Nigeria: Imo in the southeast and Oyo in the southwest. These two states exhibit distinct ...
  • Staff Profile
    John McDermott joined IFPRI in 2011 to lead the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH), led by IFPRI. Previously he was Deputy Director General and Director of Research at the International Livestock Research ...
  • 2020 Focus
    In addition to proper storage conditions, management strategies to reduce aflatoxin contamination also include biological control: the use of non–toxin producing A. flavus strains to prevent further infection by toxin-producing strains. ...
  • 2020 Focus
    In order to bring about true food security, the world must achieve more than the availability of sufficient amounts of affordable and nutritious foodstuffs. It must also ensure that foods are safe. To do so requires going beyond in-factory ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Aflatoxins are more than a barrier to trade for smallholders—they are a serious risk to public health. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 4.5 billion people are chronically exposed to the toxin through the consumption ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Due to the complex nature of the problem, prevention and control of aflatoxin contamination requires a comprehensive, systematic approach involving a broad range of stakeholders in Africa and beyond. A prerequisite to this approach is ...
  • News
    As a country’s income level rises, undernutrition rates are expected to fall. However, for years, the mystery of South Asia’s rising income levels existing concurrently with stubbornly high levels of child undernutrition has stumped researchers. ...
  • Staff Profile
    Nancy Johnson is an agricultural economist who studies the economic, poverty and gender impacts of agricultural and natural resource management research and development. Working with partners, she has analyzed the impacts of crop and livestock ...
  • Press Release
    HarvestPlus and World Vision sign partnership to tackle hidden hunger by scaling up access to nutritious food crops Hidden hunger caused by chronic lack of vitamins and minerals that can lead to stunting, infectious disease and death DAVOS, ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Annual Reports
    In its first year, the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) took many steps to lay the groundwork for improved global health and nutrition in the future. Our initial work focused on solidifying critical ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Micronutrient malnutrition, also known as hidden hunger, affects two billion people worldwide. In recent years, the global challenge of reducing hidden hunger and hence improving related health outcomes through agricultural interventions has ...
  • 2020 Focus
    This brief overviews the Aflacontrol project, a multidisciplinary effort from 2009 to 2012 that sought to provide empirical evidence of the cost-effectiveness of aflatoxin risk-reduction strategies along maize and groundnut value chains. The ...
  • 2020 Focus
    There are various simple cultural and other practices that can be used to manage aflatoxins in groundnuts. To enhance the management of aflatoxins in groundnuts, it is recommended that locally adaptable practices be identified, tested on-farm, ...
  • Food Policy Reports
    This food policy report reviews resilience processes, activities, and outcomes by examining a number of case studies of initiatives by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to enhance resilience capacity, and draws implications for policymakers ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Attention to aflatoxin issues from the policy community has increased in recent years, with growing recognition of their health risks as well as the barrier they pose to market development. The 2002 imposition of new, stricter aflatoxin ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The persistence of undernutrition in the face of India’s impressive economic growth is of enormous concern. Less than 55 percent of mothers and children receive any essential health and nutrition inputs that are critical for improving maternal ...
  • Discussion Papers
    South Asia has long been synonymous with persistent and unusually high rates of child undernutrition—the so-called Asian enigma. Yet contrary to this stereotype, Bangladesh has managed to sustain a rapid reduction in the rate of child ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Risk assessment is a powerful tool for helping risk managers and policymakers to understand risk, evaluate risk control options, and make decisions that balance the benefits of risk reduction with the costs of mitigation. This brief shows how the ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Event
    POSHAN (Partnerships and Opportunities to Strengthen and Harmonize Actions for Nutrition in India) and Transform Nutrition are pleased to announce the conference Together for Nutrition 2014: Working Across Sectors to Improve Nutrition in India, ...
  • 2020 Focus
    According to World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, countries can choose their own Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary Standards (SPS) to protect human, animal, and plant health as long as they are nondiscriminatory and justifiable by science. This ...
  • Online
    Transform Nutrition is an IFPRI-led consortium of international research partners. Using research-based evidence the consortium aims to inspire effective action to address undernutrition. Transform Nutrition website
  • News
    Vitamin A deficiency is a widespread public health concern, particularly for children in the developing world. A lack of vitamin A in the diet can lead to stunted physical and mental development, heighten susceptibility to disease, and even ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Many development programs that aim to alleviate poverty and improve investments in human capital consider women’s empowerment a key pathway by which to achieve impact and often target women as their main beneficiaries. Despite this, women’s ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Women’s low status and persistent gender gaps in health and education in South Asia contribute to chronic child malnutrition (Smith et al. 2003) and food insecurity (von Grebmer et al. 2009), even as other determinants of food security, such as ...
  • Discussion Papers
    With the increasing recognition that agricultural growth and development do not necessarily translate into improved nutrition outcomes, policymakers are increasingly grappling with how to design and implement agricultural policies and programs ...