• Discussion Papers
    Agricultural practices have dramatically altered the Earth’s land cover, but the spatial extent and intensity of these practices is often difficult to catalogue. Cropland accounts for nearly 15 million square kilometers of Earth’s land ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This note is based on findings produced under the Harmonized Support for Agriculture Development project (HSAD) managed by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA); financed by the United States Agency for ...
  • Event
    The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the University of Central Asia will host a Research Conference on Agricultural Policy and Food Security in Central Asia, to unveil IFPRI's new Central Asia Research and Capacity ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper estimates the potential effects of achieving the agricultural goals set out in Iraq’s National Development Plan (NDP) 2013–2017 using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model. The findings suggest that raising agricultural ...
  • Online
    The Arab Spatial Development and Food Security Atlas is a “start-up” initiative of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) that is supported by the International Fund of Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the ...
  • News
    IFPRI Senior Research Analyst Perrihan Al-Riffai discusses the progress and promise of Arab Spatial, an open-access database and interactive mapping tool she helped design that houses and geographically displays data on more than 150 indicators ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Understanding the role that aspirations play in promoting growth requires an understanding of where aspirations come from and how they can be raised through policy. A recent IFPRI report, “Aspirations in Rural Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis,” ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study was conducted with the objective of determining the returns to sustainable land management (SLM) at the national level in Bhutan. The study first uses satellite data on land change (Landsat) to examine land use change in 1990–2010 and ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    Value-chain projects are increasingly being used to link smallholders to markets. However, in contexts where women tend to own and control fewer assets than men, and are more likely to be involved in informal rather than formal market activities, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Secure land rights are a critical, but often overlooked, factor in achieving household food security and improved nutritional status in rural areas of developing countries. This study evaluates the impact of India’s land-allocation and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Rural household economies dependent on rainfed agriculture are increasingly turning to irrigation technology solutions to reduce the effects of weather variability and guard against inconsistent and low crop output. Organizations are increasingly ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Increasing agricultural mechanization has long been of interest to many African countries. Constrained by the limited area that can be cultivated through the use of the hand hoe and its association with perceptions of primitiveness and drudgery, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Malnutrition can best be addressed by a combination of nutrition specific interventions and nutrition sensitive programs, including social protection. This study reviews mechanisms of transfer program in order to better design nutrition sensitive ...
  • Event
    The use of cash, food, or vouchers as a transfer modality is heavily contested. At this policy seminar, John Hoddinott and Annalisa Conte will present results from a three-year IFPRI-World Food Programme study that assessed the comparative ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A large proportion of Malawian households are caught in a trap where poverty and food insecurity reinforce one another and where periods of food deficits and severe food crises are frequent occurrences. In recognition of this, the Malawian ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Indian agriculture was transforming from a cereal-based production system toward high-value crops (HVC) during the 1990s. However, food security concerns resurfaced during the first decade of the 21st century, and the policy environment tilted in ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Due to its arid to semi-arid climate, water is the single most constraining factor to Pakistani agriculture. Water resources are heavily appropriated for productive uses, and agriculture is the main user of water resources. Over eighty percent of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Strengthening the abilities of smallholder farmers in developing countries, particularly women farmers, to produce for both home and the market is currently a development priority. Although value chain analysis has increasingly incorporated ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper provides an exploratory analysis that highlights the implications of a new stage in the implementation of decentralization reforms in Ghana on agricultural service delivery. These recent developments begun in 2011, and as described at ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of irrigation on household food security and poverty using a case study of Bwanje Valley Irrigation Scheme in Malawi. Data used in the analysis were collected from 412 households – 169 ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Retirar subsídios que foram aplicados a insumos agrícolas e encerrar programas de subsídio, uma vez introduzidos, tem-se revelado difícil de levar a cabo em muitos países, quer os subsídios sejam à irrigação1, a sementes2 ou a fertilizantes.3 ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reports on findings from 30 focus group discussions and 30 key informant interviews conducted in 12 districts of Bangladesh in May 2012. The discussions and interviews draw attention to perceptions of climate change and how ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Recent efforts to develop rice cultivars with drought-tolerance (DT) traits have resulted in the release of several varieties that demonstrate significant resilience to drought stresses. This paper addresses the previously unanswered question of ...
  • Event
    The first Food Security Futures conference will bring together senior researchers from CGIAR and FAO to present their perspectives on research priorities for the 21st century. The conference is being held in Dublin, Ireland, the week before the ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Press Release
    April 7, 2014, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan— A conference organized by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the University of Central Asia (UCA) to be held from April 8-9 will explore how Central Asian countries can best meet the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Over the past decade, stakeholders have made a variety of generalized claims concerning women’s landownership, both globally and in Africa. Typically, these claims include statements with single statistics, such as “women own less than 2 percent ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This report presents an analysis of the 2011/2012 minor season survey data collected during the pilot stage of the Ghana Agriculture Production Survey (GAPS). The main objective of the exercise is to draw lessons from the elaborate protocols used ...
  • General Information
    In the wake of the food crises of the early 1970s and the resulting World Food Conference of 1974, a group of innovators realized that food security depends not only on enhanced agricultural production, but also on the policies that affect food ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Growing evidence shows that the distribution of individuals’ ownership and control of assets within a household can have important implications for women’s empowerment and children’s well-being. Interventions that target assets to specific ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The negative effects of climate change are projected to affect the populations with the least capacity to adjust, but with the greatest need for improved agricultural performance to achieve food security and reduce poverty. The purpose of the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper is part of four country case studies that take a detailed look at public expenditures in agriculture, and at how the data on expenditures are captured in government financial and budget accounts. The objective of these studies is to ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This policy note describes the economy wide implications of public investments and policies developed under Pakistan’s new Framework for Economic Growth. Policies based on this Framework are expected to lead to substantial gains in productivity ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    As características económicas dos insumos subsidiados afetam o modo como os benefícios do subsídio aos insumos são distribuídos entre agricultores e fornecedores dos insumos. No entanto, a forma como os benefícios são distribuídos pela população ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The role of intellectual property rights (IPRs) has been extensively debated in the literature on technology transfers and agricultural production in developing countries. However, few studies offer cross-country evidence on how IPRs affect yield ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is one of the most important measures used in economic analysis. The more common uses are: the indexation of wages, rents, contracts and social security payments; the deflation of household consumption in the ...
  • Staff Profile
    Brooks has worked for the World Bank for the past 20 years. For the last 10 years of her tenure there, she managed analytical and operational programs in agriculture and rural development for the Africa region. Brooks also worked extensively in ...
  • News
    Leaders of CGIAR research programs, along with donors and external stakeholders, are meeting this month in Montpellier, France to review the CGIAR Research Program and to “listen, engage, learn and progress on how to achieve the outcomes of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although asset-based approaches for studying poverty have shown that the portfolio of assets households own or can access influences livelihood strategies and a variety of development outcomes, there is little research unpacking gendered ...
  • News
    Technology can serve as a catalyst in agriculture, shifting farmers from subsistence to profit, and spurring dramatic quality of life improvements for the rural poor in many developing countries. New technologies can also help farmers contend ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Technology-driven gains in agricultural productivity and profitability can dramatically improve quality of life for the rural poor in developing countries. Extension efforts to disseminate agricultural technologies typically assume that farmers ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While there exists ample studies that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Maize is an important food crop in Ghana, accounting for more than 50 percent of the country’s total cereal production. The Ghana Grains Development Project (1979–1997) and the Food Crops Development Project (2000–2008) made major investments to ...
  • News
    The following article was jointly written by IFPRI researchers Weston Anderson and Liangzhi You from the Environmental and Production Technologies Division (EPTD) and Evgeniya Anisimova, communications specialist for the CGIAR Research Program on ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Publication
    This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) baseline survey results, summarizing both findings from the WEAI survey and the relationships between the WEAI and various outcomes of interest ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper studies the effect of local off-farm employment and migration on rural households’ technical efficiency of crop production using a five-year panel dataset from more than 2,000 households in five Chinese provinces. While there is not ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Amonitorização e avaliação (M&A) é um aspeto essencial das políticas e dos programas de subsídios aos insumos agrícolas. A M&A dos subsídios não deve focar-se exclusivamente em questões de implementação como o direcionamento eficaz dos ...
  • News
    Ensuring that small-scale farmers and producers enjoy a bigger piece of the financial pie is the aim of a new web resource on agricultural development. The Value Chains Knowledge Clearinghouse, led by the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, ...
  • Staff Profile
    Pascale Sabbagh is Senior Program Manager for the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets. Prior to joining IFPRI, she has worked in research, policy and consulting, both for the public and the private sector. From 2008 ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This study analyzes the perceptions, impacts, and rewards of farmers who adopted row planting for the production of teff as a result of being exposed to a technology promotion campaign for row planting of teff in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. ...
  • General Information
    Policies affect prices, and prices dictate how much poor farmers earn and how much poor consumers spend. Policies also affect the incentives driving the private sector and the way public funds are allocated across competing priorities. ...
  • Online
    The CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) was launched in January 2012 with one primary goal: improving the lives of smallholder farmers. Policies set the enabling environment for effective agricultural growth; ...
  • Annual Reports
    The CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM), led by IFPRI, was launched in January 2012. PIM’s goal is to link researchers with development practitioners in order to address policy, institutional, and market issues and ...
  • Video
    CGIAR Research Program on Policies, institutions, and markets to strengthen food security and incomes for the rural poor described by the acting program director, Mark Rosegrant, and IFPRI Director General, Shenggen Fan.
  • Discussion Papers
    There is widespread agreement that our ability to deliver sustainable food security for all will be challenged in three dimensions—population growth, constrained natural resources, and climate change. The latest Food and Agriculture Organization ...
  • Food Policy Reports
    This food policy report reviews resilience processes, activities, and outcomes by examining a number of case studies of initiatives by nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to enhance resilience capacity, and draws implications for policymakers ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Advances in agricultural development have largely been a direct result of increased usage of new technologies. Among other important factors, farmers’ perceptions of risks associated with the new technology as well as their ability or willingness ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This research examines the extent of market integration among different bean markets across Malawi. Market integration is an indicator that efficiency exists within the flow of information between markets. The study focused on beans as they are a ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment leading to structural changes in the export sector, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Um subsídio é definido como um pagamento, composto geralmente por recursos públicos, que reduz o preço que o comprador paga por um bem ou serviço para um valor inferior ao preço a que o vendedor o fornece. A diferença entre o preço dos vendedores ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Expanding rice production under irrigation would be the most effective way to increase rice production in Ghana, but would require substantial public investment. To produce an additional 200,000 mt, nearly 40,000 ha will have to be brought under ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In rural economies encumbered by significant market imperfections, farming decisions may partly be motivated by nutritional considerations, in addition to income and risk factors. These imperfections create the potential for farm assets to have ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Ongoing debate over water resource management and land degradation suggests a need for efficient sustainable land management mechanisms to improve agricultural output in the Blue Nile basin in Ethiopia. Numerous econometric and hydrological ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Although theory predicts that better property rights to land can increase land productivity through tenure security effects (investment effects) and through more efficient input use due to enhanced tradability of the land (factor intensity ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This analysis utilizes recent hydrological and meteorological data collected from the Mizewa watershed in Fogera woreda in order to better understand the physical impact of sustainable land and watershed management (SLWM) investments. The ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This study analyzes the perceptions, impacts, and rewards for teff farmers who were exposed to a row planting technology promotion campaign in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. There are three main findings: first, despite a positive attitude ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    We study the structure and performance of the coffee export sector in Ethiopia, Africa’s most important coffee producer, over the period 2003 to 2013. We find an evolving policy environment that leads to structural changes in the export sector, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Agriculture is vital to Zambia’s economic development and is a mainstay for the livelihoods of a large proportion of the population. Agricultural production is mainly dependent on rain-fed hoe cultivation with maize as the principal staple food ...
  • Discussion Papers
    There is little rigorous evidence on the comparative impacts of cash and food transfers on food security and food-related outcomes. We assess the relative impacts of receiving cash versus food transfers using a randomized design. Drawing on data ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Assets are an important means of coping with adverse events in developing countries but the role of gendered ownership is not yet fully understood. This paper investigates changes in assets owned by the household head, his spouse, or jointly by ...
  • News
    Earlier this month, I took part in a new experience: a twitter chat. Organized by USAID, the #AskAg Twitter Chat on Youth Employment in Agriculture, connected me and my fellow guest speakers from USAID, Making Cents International, and Winrock ...
  • News
    This story by Evgeniya Anisimova, Steven Franzel, and Evelyne Kiptot was originally posted on the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) blog. How most efficiently to help farming men and women access information and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Policy interventions that improve women’s status and reduce gender inequalities are expected to contribute to the well-being of not only the women themselves but also their children. Because women have the responsibility of caring for children ...
  • News
    In West Bengal, nearly 40 percent of children under the age of five are underweight, despite the country’s strong economic gains in recent years. This paradox indicates that food insecurity continues to pose major challenges for India’s state and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Increasingly, women’s property rights are seen as important for both equity and efficiency reasons. While there has been debate in the literature about women are better off with individual rights in contrast to rights jointly with their husband, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    إن هذه المذكرة مبنية على الاستنتاجات التي طرحت في إطار مشروع الدعم المنسق للتنمية الزراعية (HSAD) الذي يديره المركز الدولي للبحوث الزراعية في المناطق الجافة (ICARDA) بتمويل من الوكالة الأمريكية للتنمية الدولية (USAID) ويتم تنفيذه بالشراكة مع ...