• Discussion Papers
    Most discussions on bargaining also say little about gender relations beyond the household, and about the links between extrahousehold and intrahousehold bargaining power. This paper spells out the nature of these complexities and their ...
  • Infographic
    Infographic explaining that $3 billion per year (less than 5% of development assistance budget) would allow 100 million children to live free of malnutrition. Download Hi-res PDF (111 KB)
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Indices can be powerful tools for international monitoring and advocacy, and if used in international rankings, can help foster a sense of healthy competition among countries. With this in mind, IFPRI’s Global Hunger Index (GHI) was ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In 2009, high and volatile food prices combined with economic recession posed significant risks to poor and vulnerable households, with often dire consequences for their food security. The 2009 Global Hunger Index (GHI), the fourth in an annual ...
  • Books and Monographs
    2012 Global Hunger Index now available The Global Hunger Index (GHI) shows that worldwide progress in reducing hunger remains slow. The 2009 global GHI has fallen by only one quarter from the 1990 GHI. Southeast Asia, the Near East and North ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Embeddable Map (Put this map on your website) Die Ergebnisse des Welthunger-Indexes (WHI) zeigen deutlich, dass weiterhin nur geringe Fortschritte bei der globalen Hungerbekämpfung erzielt werden. Die WHI-Werte 2009 sind im Vergleich mit denen ...
  • Books and Monographs
    2012 Global Hunger Index now available Embeddable Map (Put this map on your website) As the world approaches the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which include a goal of reducing the proportion of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    As the world approaches the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—which include a goal of reducing the proportion of hungry people by half—the 2010 Global Hunger Index (GHI) offers a useful multidimensional overview ...
  • Books and Monographs
    A cinq ans de la date butoir fixée pour atteindre les Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD), parmi lesquels celui de réduire de moitié la proportion de la population qui souffre de la faim, le rapport « L’indice de la faim dans le ...
  • Books and Monographs
    La seguridad alimentaria global se encuentra bajo presión. A pesar de que los líderes mundiales adoptaron, con el primero de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, la tarea de reducir a la mitad la proporción de personas que sufren hambre en el ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Mentre il mondo si avvicina alla scadenza fi ssata nel 2015 per il raggiungimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo del Millennio (MDG, Millennium Development Goals) – tra i quali rientra il dimezzamento della percentuale di persone che soffrono la ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Die Welt nähert sich dem Jahr 2015 und damit dem Ablauf der Frist zum Erreichen der Millenniumsentwicklungsziele (MDGs), die unter anderem die Halbierung des Anteils hungernder Menschen anstreben. Gerade zu diesem Zeitpunkt bietet der ...
  • This paper is concerned with the issue of the most cost-effective way of improving access to education for poor households in developing countries. We consider two alternatives: (1) extensive expansion of the school system (i.e., bringing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper is concerned with the issue of the most cost-effective way of improving access to education for poor households in developing countries. We consider two alternatives: (1) extensive expansion of the school system (i.e., bringing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A food demand system is proposed, based on demand for energy, variety, and tastes of foods. By specifying utility as an explicit function of these characteristics, the entire matrix of demand elasticities can be derived for n foods and one ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Progress in combating hunger and undernutrition has been lagging for decades. Best practices to fight hunger and undernutrition have been available for a long while, but lack of political will among leaders and a lack of political power ...
  • This document summarizes findings from the Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study (AUFNS) about the importance of care as an input to child nutrition and the relative contribution of various maternal and household resources to the provision ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This document summarizes findings from the Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study (AUFNS) about the importance of care as an input to child nutrition and the relative contribution of various maternal and household resources to the provision ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper presents a profile of poverty in Egypt for 1997. It assesses the magnitude of poverty and its distribution across geographic and socioeconomic groups, provides information on the characteristics of the poor, illustrates the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reviews existing microeconomic empirical literature on gender differences in use, access, and adoption of nonland agricultural inputs in developing countries. This review focuses on four key areas: (1) technological resources, (2) ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Government of Nicaragua‘s program Red de Protección Social (RPS) represents a new approach to providing safety nets for the poorest people in society, a conditional cash-transfer program that has become an important part of poverty ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “The estimated average leakage in the Vulnerable Group Development (VGD) programme due to short ration and undercoverage is 8 percent of the total wheat allotment. These losses are low by international and Bangladesh standards, and are due, ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The facts: Child malnutrition in India: India is home to 40 percent of the world’s malnourished children and 35 percent of the developing world’s low-birth-weight infants; every year 2.5 million children die in India, accounting for ...
  • This series of notes summarizes findings of a project entitled “What development interventions work?” undertaken by researchers of the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and Data Analysis and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper assesses long-term impacts of vegetable and polyculture fish production technologies on a variety of measures of household and individual well-being in Bangladesh. In 1996–1997, households were surveyed in three sites where ...
  • The study was conducted by IFPRI in collaboration with the Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research and the World Health Organization. Data collection completed in 1998 included participatory community studies, household case studies, a ...
  • 2020 Focus
    CONTENTS: Brief 1. Overview / James L. Garrett — Brief 2. An urbanizing world / Martin Brockerhoff — Brief 3. Rural-urban interdependence / Ceclia Tacoli — Brief 4. Urban livelihoods and labor markets / Arjan de Haan — ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    In this paper we examine which farmers would be early entrants into weather index insurance markets in Ethiopia, were such markets to develop on a large scale. We do this by examining the determinants of willingness to pay for weather insurance ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact of rainfall shocks on a measure of adult health, body mass, drawing on a unique panel data set of households residing in rural Zimbabwe. Controlling for individual, household, and community factors, and individual ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about Agnes Le Port in IFPRI eBrary
  • Staff Profile
    Agnes Quisumbing, a senior research fellow, co-leads a research program that examines how closing the gap between men’s and women’s ownership and control of assets may lead to better development outcomes. Her past work at IFPRI analyzed the ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Those who study global poverty and ways to reduce it face a perennial set of questions: Do advances in knowledge, research, and technology make a real difference in the lives of poor people? What effect does research have on the poor? Who ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Breeding for food-staple plant varieties that load high amounts of iron and zinc in their seeds holds great promise for making a significant, low-cost, and sustainable contribution to reducing iron and zinc deficiencies in humans in developing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The trend in real agricultural wages in Egypt is described well by an inverted U-shaped curve with a peak around 1985. But the rise and fall of real wages masks a complex dynamic process by which nominal wages adjust in response to changes in ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Executive Summary Relationship Between Agriculture and the Millennium Development Goals In 2000 the member states of the United Nations adopted the Millennium Declaration as a renewed commitment to human development. The Declaration includes ...
  • General Information
    Good health and productive agriculture—both essential in the fight against poverty—are interlinked, as good health requires productive agriculture and productive agriculture requires healthy people. Consideration of these linkages throughout the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agriculture is the main source of livelihood of the majority of people affected by HIV and AIDS globally, and it is being progressively undermined by the disease. In Sub-Saharan Africa AIDS is affecting the rural landscape in ways that demand a ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper outlines a conceptual framework that links agriculture, health, and nutrition. Three components make up this framework: settings, resources, and production processes. Policy levers, programs, and interventions designed to affect ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Strengthening the policy and programmatic links between agriculture and health and nutrition requires a means of seeing how their myriad links fit together. This brief sketches a framework that elucidates the channels through which agriculture ...
  • Discussion Papers
    India contains the majority of the world’s malnourished children, yet malnutrition has declined only very slowly in recent years, despite rapid economic growth and apparent improvements in food security. Understanding and addressing the causes of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    By now it is well recognized that agricultural development is important for enhancing nutrition. Agriculture-nutrition linkage has become an emerging area for research and policy in developing countries like India. Earlier studies have shown that ...
  • Books and Monographs
    More than a quarter-century after HIV was identified, the long-wave, intergenerational nature of AIDS epidemics is becoming starkly evident. We may have passed the peak of the infection wave in many countries, but the multiple impact waves ...
  • Archive
    In a report written by international experts in agricultural economics, health, anthropology, and nutrition…the authors examine the impacts of HIV and AIDS on labor markets and wages, household income and consumption dynamics, and on the ...
  • Staff Profile
    Akhter Ahmed is a senior research fellow in the Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division at IFPRI. He joined IFPRI in 1990. His work focuses on developing strategies for restructuring social protection and safety net programs to improve the food ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reports on two methods used for identifying alternative indicators of chronic and acute food insecurity. A need for alternative indicators exists since many of the “benchmark” or “gold standard” indicators (such ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    This study attempts to provide an understanding of how the process of institutional change influences the outcomes of interventions. To better understand the context in which these interventions took place, the study examines the institutional ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Contents: Chapter 1: The Importance of Improving Nutrition for Sustainable Development in Ethiopia by Todd Benson Chapter 2: The Basic Causes of Malnutrition in Ethiopia by Solomon Bellete Chapter 3: Food Security and Malnutrition in Ethiopia by ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Using both national-sample and program-level census survey data, we evaluate the distributional power of Mexico’s Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) transfers using the so-called distributional ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Using both national-sample and program-level census survey data, we evaluate the distributional power of Mexico’s Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) transfers using the so-called distributional ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    One of the major components of the PROGRESA program has been directed toward improving the nutritional status of small children in poor rural communities in Mexico. Results suggest that PROGRESA may be having fairly substantial effects on ...
  • Discussion Papers
    One of the major components of the PROGRESA program has been directed toward improving the nutritional status of small children in poor rural communities in Mexico. Results suggest that PROGRESA may be having fairly substantial effects on ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Uganda has made notable progress in reducing micronutrient deficiencies in recent years, but the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and anemia among children under 5 remain unacceptably high. According to World Health Organization criteria, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The goal of Helen Keller International’s Enhanced-Homestead Food Production (E-HFP) program is to improve the nutritional status of infants, young children, and mothers through improved access to nutritious foods year-round and the adoption of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Development institutions and projects frequently seek to target poorer segments of the population. Yet, existing methods for evaluating their outreach are generally unsuited to most operational settings, since they are either too costly and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Development institutions and projects frequently seek to target poorer segments of the population. Yet, existing methods for evaluating their outreach are generally unsuited to most operational settings, since they are either too costly and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This report focuses on the evaluation of the operational performance of PROGRESA. Essentially well conceived and designed programs, in the sense of having a good understanding of the outputs, can fail due to poor implementation resulting in poor ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The urban population in the developing world is expected to double to 4 billion by 2025, accounting for about 90 percent of global population growth….Managing the ongoing rapid urban growth in developing countries, and avoiding the bleak ...
  • Discussion Papers
    India’s record of undernutrition presents a stubborn challenge. Given the multiple determinants of child undernutrition, effective action to tackle this problem in India and globally requires a range of inputs across various sectors. Delivering ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    Undernutrition of children 0-60 months old in Mozambique is much higher in rural than in urban areas. Food security is about the same, although substantial regional differences exist. Given these outcomes, we hypothesized that the determinants of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper aims to empirically identify migrants’ assimilation process by examining their wage dynamics in one urban labor market of a developing country: Bangkok, Thailand. Although prior studies on migration highlight the effects of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper models the assimilation process of migrants and shows evidence of the complementarity between their destination experience and upon-arrival human capital. Bayesian learning and dynamics of matching are modeled and empirically assessed, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A methodology to produce disaggregated estimates of inequality is implemented in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar, and Mozambique. These inequality estimates are decomposed into progressively more disaggregated spatial units and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    A methodology to produce disaggregated estimates of inequality is implemented in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar, and Mozambique. These inequality estimates are decomposed into progressively more disaggregated spatial units and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Many prior studies find significant cross-sectional positive ordinary least squares (OLS) associations between maternal human capital (usually maternal schooling attainment) and children’s human capital (usually children’s schooling, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The authors evaluate the size of the welfare losses from using alternative “imperfect” welfare indicators as substitutes for the conventionally preferred consumption indicator. They find that whereas the undercoverage and leakage ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The authors evaluate the size of the welfare losses from using alternative “imperfect” welfare indicators as substitutes for the conventionally preferred consumption indicator. They find that whereas the undercoverage and leakage ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The population of the developing world is becoming more urban. Are poverty and undernutrition beginning to relocate to urban areas as well? We use survey data on poverty (from 8 countries) and on child undernutrition (from 14 countries) to ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This study attempts to analyze changing patterns of land transfers and schooling investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana’s Western Region. Although traditional matrilineal inheritance rules deny ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This study attempts to analyze changing patterns of land transfers and schooling investments by gender over three generations in customary land areas of Ghana’s Western Region. Although traditional matrilineal inheritance rules deny ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper presents new evidence on the proportion of women in poverty in ten developing countries. It compares poverty measures for males and females and male- and female-headed households, and investigates the sensitivity of these measures to ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper presents new evidence on the proportion of women in poverty in ten developing countries. It compares poverty measures for males and females and male- and female-headed households, and investigates the sensitivity of these measures to ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    Este documento pretende apresentar uma análise das dimensões referentes ao género no crescente debate dos negócios de terras em grande escala. Aborda a actual lacuna de informação acerca dos diferentes efeitos dos negócios de terras em grande ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Quer sejam vistos como “desapropriação de terras” ou como investimentos agrícolas para o desenvolvimento, os negócios de terras em grande escala efectuados por investidores em países em desenvolvimento estão a gerar uma atenção considerável. No ...
  • Staff Profile
    Ashfaqul Haq Chowdhury is a Research Analyst in Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division at IFPRI-Dhaka. After completing Masters in Development Studies from BRAC Development Institute he worked in projects utilizing Randomized Control Trial (RCT) ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In more than a dozen African countries the rate of undernourishment is more than 40 percent, exceeding 50 percent in those countries experiencing or emerging from armed conflict. As a result, more than a third of African children suffer stunted ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The objective of this report is to summarize progress towards measurement of selected childcare and feeding practices, and to discuss the feasibility and usefulness of these measurements in research and program contexts. This is the third in a ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The objective of this report is to summarize progress towards measurement of selected childcare and feeding practices, and to discuss the feasibility and usefulness of these measurements in research and program contexts. This is the third in a ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “…IFPRI examined the effectiveness of community-based targeting following three recent emergencies: the 1998 floods in Bangladesh; the 2002 drought in Ethiopia; and the 2001-02 failed maize harvest in Malawi.” — ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    As the goals of international agricultural research move beyond increasing food production to the broader aims of reducing poverty, both agricultural research and studies of its impact become more complex. Yet examining the magnitude and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    As the goals of international agricultural research move beyond increasing food production to the broader aims of reducing poverty, both agricultural research and studies of its impact become more complex. Yet examining the magnitude and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    As the goals of international agricultural research move beyond increasing food production to the broader aims of reducing poverty, both agricultural research and studies of its impact become more complex. Yet examining the magnitude and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This study is part of a larger effort to explore the impact of agricultural research on poverty reduction. It examines the diffusion and impact of hybrid maize in selected resettlement areas of rural Zimbabwe, paying particular attention ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This study is part of a larger effort to explore the impact of agricultural research on poverty reduction. It examines the diffusion and impact of hybrid maize in selected resettlement areas of rural Zimbabwe, paying particular attention ...
  • Publication
    High yielding varieties of maize have been widely adopted in Zimbabwe. Although germplasm from the CGIAR system was used in the development of these hybrid maize varieties, further research and dissemination activities involved organisations in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “…IFPRI examined the effectiveness of community-based targeting following three recent emergencies: the 1998 floods in Bangladesh; the 2002 drought in Ethiopia; and the 2001-02 failed maize harvest in Malawi. All three cases show ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper reviews current knowledge and experience with food-based approaches to reduce vitamin A and iron deficiencies. It presents a review of recently published literature, highlights some of the lessons learned, and identifies knowledge gaps ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reviews current knowledge and experience with food-based approaches to reduce vitamin A and iron deficiencies. It presents a review of recently published literature, highlights some of the lessons learned, and identifies knowledge gaps ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Many microfinance institutions (MFIs) receive public support. In return for this support, governments and donors demand MFIs not only become financially sustainable but also reach the poor, or even the poorest of the poor. Effective evaluation of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines household asset dynamics and gender-differentiated asset inequality over a 20-year period (1988–2008) in northern Nigeria. We show that the initial endowments of both household capital and livestock holdings are inconsistent ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper contributes to the economic analysis of marriage and the family by examining and analyzing the relative importance of potential determinants of assets brought to marriages in rural Ethiopia. One potential determinant is ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper contributes to the economic analysis of marriage and the family by examining and analyzing the relative importance of potential determinants of assets brought to marriages in rural Ethiopia. One potential determinant is ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The interactions between HIV/AIDS and food and nutrition insecurity are becoming clearer as research fills knowledge gaps. To address these gaps, different actors (from individual household members to national policymakers) need tools and ...
  • CD-Roms
    CD-Rom One important impediment to improved policies and investments for poor and rural people in Africa has been a lack of data on actual conditions. To begin to help fill this data gap, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ...
  • Booklets
    One important impediment to improved policies and investments for poor and rural people in Africa has been a lack of data on actual conditions. To begin to help fill this data gap, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) worked ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This work was carried out as part of the ADB-IFPRI Regional Technical Assistance Project on Nutrition Trends, Policies and Strategies in Asia and the Pacific. Malnutrition’s causes and solutions at each stage of the human life cycle are ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Longitudinal household data can have considerable advantages over much more widely used cross-sectional data. The collection of longitudinal data, however, may be difficult and expensive. One problem that has concerned many analysts is that ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Longitudinal household data can have considerable advantages over much more widely used cross-sectional data. The collection of longitudinal data, however, may be difficult and expensive. One problem that has concerned many analysts is that ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines attrition in the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (1993-1998) and assesses the extent of attrition bias for a specific empirical example. The analysis shows that 1993 first round nonresponse is largely unrelated to ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines attrition in the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study (1993-1998) and assesses the extent of attrition bias for a specific empirical example. The analysis shows that 1993 first round nonresponse is largely unrelated to ...
  • Staff Profile
    Aulo works as a senior scientist at the International Food Policy Research Institute, working on systems linking agriculture, nutrition and health. He previously was a research fellow at the Partnership for Child Development at Imperial College ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper uses a panel data of 347 households in Egypt to measure changes in household consumption between 1997 and 1999 and to identify causes behind the changes. Per capita consumption decreased for the households during this time and, while ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses a panel data of 347 households in Egypt to measure changes in household consumption between 1997 and 1999 and to identify causes behind the changes. Per capita consumption decreased for the households during this time and, while ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI is collaborating with CARE-Bangladesh to provide research and support for its SHAHAR project for improving urban livelihoods. This Country Report addresses the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, and the key findings and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI is collaborating with CARE-Bangladesh to provide research and support for its SHAHAR project for improving urban livelihoods. This Country Report addresses the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, and the key findings and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    We examine the role of gender in adoption and diffusion of orange sweet potato, a biofortified staple food crop being promoted as a strategy to increase dietary intakes of vitamin A among young children and adult women in Uganda. As an ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about Benjamin Schwab in: IFPRI ebrary
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses three-generation retrospective data from the rural Philippines to examine the role of the extended family, proxied by alternative measures of grandparent coresidence, on investments in children. An extension of the wealth model of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Policies built on presumptions of separateness or on traditional notions of urban and rural livelihoods diminish the possibilities for economic growth and poverty reduction. More effective policies will take the diversity of livelihoods along the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This brief discusses a new breed of ultra-nourishing crops capable of alleviating malnutrition in even the most hard-to-reach populations-crops such as rice loaded with iron, maize packed with zinc, and wheat strengthened with vitamin A. These ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    As a unified set of global poverty reduction goals, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in principle provide an opportunity for overcoming sectoral divides and forging effective links between agriculture and health. Both agriculture and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Cash transfer programs are rare in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper describes the evolution of a cash transfer program in major urban centers of Mozambique, from its inception in 1990 through two major reorganizations until October 1998. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are traditionally evaluated in relation to child schooling and nutrition outcomes, there is growing interest in specifically examining maternal and reproductive health impacts. However, since data ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The goal of CARE-Bangladesh’s Strengthening the Dairy Value Chain Project (SDVCP) is to improve the dairy-related incomes of 35,000 households in northwest Bangladesh. To achieve its goal, SDVCP addresses the major challenges to improving ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Value-chain projects are increasingly being used to link smallholders to markets. However, in contexts where women tend to own and control fewer assets than men, and are more likely to be involved in informal rather than formal market activities, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    In its Sixth World Food Survey released at the 1996 World Food Summit, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported that 841 million people in developing countries are chronically undernourished. This number and its ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Micronutrient malnutrition is still a problem of unacceptable proportions in developing countries. Iron and vitamin A deficiencies are the most widespread nutrition deficiencies in the world today, affecting perhaps as many as 3.5 billion ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Secure land rights are a critical, but often overlooked, factor in achieving household food security and improved nutritional status in rural areas of developing countries. This study evaluates the impact of India’s land-allocation and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    There is a high degree of interest in the potential for agricultural programs to be designed and implemented to achieve health and nutrition objectives. Policymakers have often looked to the experience of civil society organizations in designing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Rural household economies dependent on rainfed agriculture are increasingly turning to irrigation technology solutions to reduce the effects of weather variability and guard against inconsistent and low crop output. Organizations are increasingly ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Landesa supports a micro-land ownership program for india’s landless agricultural laborers that strives to reduce poverty through improved homestead development in the state of West Bengal, India. The program works through the state government ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Qualitative and quantitative methods in social science research have long been separate spheres with little overlap. However, recent innovations have highlighted the complementarity of qualitative and quantitative approaches. The Accra Food and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This brief examines the economy-wide impact of implementing and financing a universal or basic income grant (BIG) in South Africa. The various financing scenarios suggested by the proponents of the grant are presented, and these are ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper assesses the economy-wide impact of implementing and financing a universal or basic income grant (BIG) in South Africa. The various financing scenarios suggested by the proponents of the grant are presented, and these are ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Malnutrition can best be addressed by a combination of nutrition specific interventions and nutrition sensitive programs, including social protection. This study reviews mechanisms of transfer program in order to better design nutrition sensitive ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Fortified donated cereal blends can greatly contribute to improving the nutritional quality of complementary foods, but are not sufficient to completely close the iron and zinc gaps at current fortification levels in Haiti, even when combined ...
  • News
    Research has shown that children who receive adequate nutrition, particularly during their mother’s pregnancy until they are two years old—referred to by experts as the “1,000 days window of opportunity”—are less likely to die ...
  • General Information
    Care is the provision in the household and the community of time, attention and support to meet the physical, mental, and social needs of the growing child and other household members. The significance of care has been best articulated in the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Care is the provision in the household and the community of time, attention and support to meet the physical, mental, and social needs of the growing child and other household members (ICN 1992). This provision of time, attention, and support is ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Cash transfer programs induce multiplier effects when recipients put the money they receive to work to generate additional income. The ultimate income effects are multiples of the amounts transferred. This paper analyzes the PROCAMPO program in ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Cash transfer programs induce multiplier effects when recipients put the money they receive to work to generate additional income. The ultimate income effects are multiples of the amounts transferred. This paper analyzes the PROCAMPO program in ...
  • News
    IFPRI and others have extensively evaluated social safety net programs in developing countries that provide recipients with cash, food, or vouchers, but there have been almost no evaluations of how those transfers stack up when compared against ...
  • Event
    The use of cash, food, or vouchers as a transfer modality is heavily contested. At this policy seminar, John Hoddinott and Annalisa Conte will present results from a three-year IFPRI-World Food Programme study that assessed the comparative ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The debate over whether to provide food assistance and the form that this assistance should take has a long history in economics. Despite the ongoing debate, little rigorous evidence exists that compares food assistance in the form of cash versus ...
  • Staff Profile
  • News
    Women’s empowerment is increasingly a priority in international development, for reasons of social justice, and also because it is considered an important way by which to achieve development goals, such as those related to health, nutrition, and ...
  • News
    This Saturday marks International Women’s Day. The theme this year is “equality for women is progress for all,” and IFPRI’s gender work is essential to its larger mission of achieving food and nutrition security for all and reducing poverty ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This study explores the impact of changes in environmental conditions on intrahousehold labor allocation to the collection of environmental goods such as fuelwood and leaf fodder for a sample of rural Nepali households. Using household-level ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study explores the impact of changes in environmental conditions on intrahousehold labor allocation to the collection of environmental goods such as fuelwood and leaf fodder for a sample of rural Nepali households. Using household-level ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    This study attempts to identify characteristics of the existing child and the maternal care environment that could be used as a basis for designing policies and programs to improve the nutritional status of children. For the present study, all ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Many of the challenges facing children now are a function of the changing times, including increases in urbanization, political violence, changing family forms, and, in some a cases, decreased supplies of adequate food. This paper reviews the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study examines how quality, price, and access to curative health care influence use of modern public, modern private, and traditional providers among 3,000 children age 0-2 years in Cebu, Philippines. The analysis relies on a series of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Child labor is widespread in developing countries, but its causes are debatable. Poverty is considered the primary reason, but many theoretical and empirical analyses show that other factors, such as lack of access to credit, poor school quality, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Child labor is widespread in developing countries, but its causes are debatable. Poverty is considered the primary reason, but many theoretical and empirical analyses show that other factors, such as lack of access to credit, poor school quality, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Among the many devastating consequences of the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the rapidly growing orphan population demands particular attention. Today, over 12 million children in the region have been orphaned by AIDS, a population that is ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study investigates the effects of childcare on work and earnings of mothers in poor neighborhoods of Guatemala City. Recognizing that mothe’rs work status may depend on the availability of childcare, decisions to participate in the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This study investigates the effects of childcare on work and earnings of mothers in poor neighborhoods of Guatemala City. Recognizing that mothe’rs work status may depend on the availability of childcare, decisions to participate in the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    With a population of almost 45 million people and an estimated 5.5 million people infected with HIV, South Africa has the largest number of individuals living with the virus in a single country. This tragedy has also brought a rising tide of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper examines the experiences of children affected by HIV/AIDS in three provinces of South Africa. By combining findings from two studies that focus on households at different stages of impact, the paper looks at the conditions of ...
  • Technical Guides
    Household food security (HFS) represents the guiding principle underlying many rural development projects. It plays an important role in the targeting of projects, the selection of appropriate interventions, and the monitoring and evaluation of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Export subsidies can generate or curb many perverse incentives for exporters, their expansionary effects on exports notwithstanding. These include expansion into soft markets or even deflection of domestic production into markets with similar ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Strengthening the abilities of smallholder farmers in developing countries, particularly women farmers, to produce for both home and the market is currently a development priority. Although value chain analysis has increasingly incorporated ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “CARE began PROSPECT (Program of Support for Poverty Elimination and Community Transformation) in 1998. PROSPECT aims to reduce poverty in peri-urban areas of Lusaka. It employs a community-based approach to carry out three types of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “CARE began PROSPECT (Program of Support for Poverty Elimination and Community Transformation) in 1998. PROSPECT aims to reduce poverty in peri-urban areas of Lusaka. It employs a community-based approach to carry out three types of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Yamauchi and Nishiyama are interested in the relationship between local inequality and the quality of human capital investment and growth. In this paper, they examine the impact of unequal income distribution on the ability of a community ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “To examine how local income distribution affects both a community’s ability to pay for schooling and the quality of that schooling, this research merges household and school census data from South Africa. Empirical results are ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This case study examines the scaling-up experiences of two microfinance institutions: the Nirdhan Utthan Bank Limited (NUBL) in Nepal and the Self-Help Group (SHG)-Bank linkage program of the National Agricultural Bank for Agriculture and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This case study examines the scaling-up experiences of two microfinance institutions: the Nirdhan Utthan Bank Limited (NUBL) in Nepal and the Self-Help Group (SHG)-Bank linkage program of the National Agricultural Bank for Agriculture and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In communities hit hard by HIV and AIDS, households not directly incurring a death may nevertheless be affected by taking in orphans, losing access to resources owned by kin-related afflicted households, or transferring resources to afflicted ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Governments and development agencies require accurate information on the impacts of increased mortality rates caused by AIDS on the agricultural sector and rural livelihoods. Several previous studies have estimated the effects of prime-age ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) evaluated the FFE programme based on surveys of households and schools conducted in 2000. In 2003, IFPRI resurveyed the same households and schools to assess the impacts of the PES and ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Bangladesh has some social safety net programs that transfer food to the poor, some that transfer cash, and some that provide a combination of both. This study evaluates the relative impacts of food and cash transfers on food security and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper investigates whether inferences drawn about a population are sensitive to the manner by which those data are obtained. It compares information obtained using participatory appraisal techniques with a survey of households randomly drawn ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates whether inferences drawn about a population are sensitive to the manner by which those data are obtained. It compares information obtained using participatory appraisal techniques with a survey of households randomly drawn ...
  • General Information
    The results of the India State Hunger Index 2008 highlight the continued overall severity of the hunger situation in India, while revealing the variation in hunger across states within India. It is indeed alarming that not a single state in India ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper introduces some relatively straightforward computational tools for estimating poverty measures from the sort of data that are typically available from published sources. All that is required for using these tools is an elementary ...
  • 2020 Focus
    In 1997, the Government of Mexico introduced a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program called Programa de Educación, Salud, y Alimentación (Progresa), providing assistance to about 300,000 extremely poor households. The essential premise of a CCT ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In this paper we investigate whether a conditional cash transfer program such as the Programa Nacional de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (PROGRESA) can simultaneously combat the problems of low school attendance and child work. PROGRESA is a new ...
  • Discussion Papers
    In this paper we investigate whether a conditional cash transfer program such as the Programa Nacional de Educación, Salud y Alimentación (PROGRESA) can simultaneously combat the problems of low school attendance and child work. PROGRESA is a new ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs)—cash grants to poor families that are conditional on their participation in education, health, and nutrition services—have become a vital part of poverty reduction strategies in many countries, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “For more than two centuries, proponents and critics of an open global economy have debated whether the free flows of goods, services, and capital make the world more peaceful and food secure or instead exacerbate inequalities and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “We explore how globalization, broadly conceived to include international humanrights norms, humanitarianism, and alternative trade, might influence peaceful and foodsecure outlooks and outcomes. The paper draws on our previous work on ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Governments, policymakers, and donors attach a great deal of importance to poverty outreach-the extent to which MFIs serve poor and disadvantaged locations-when evaluating microfinance institutions (MFIs). With the above considerations in mind, ...
  • General Information
    les politiques et les programmes d’alimentation et de nutrition sont-ils en mesure d’aider à endiguer la propagation du VIH/sida et en atténuer les effets ? décomposent en six programmes de recherche, chacun donnant lieu à des études ...
  • General Information
    “La producción sostenible de alimentos abundantes y de alta calidad es el primer paso crucial hacia la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional. No obstante, la producción no es suficiente para lograr que todos tengan una nutrición óptima.Toda ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper synthesizes the results of five studies using household panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico and Russia, which examine the extent to which households are able through formal and/or informal arrangements to insure their ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper synthesizes the results of five studies using household panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico and Russia, which examine the extent to which households are able through formal and/or informal arrangements to insure their ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper explores risk sharing in the Zone Lacustre, Mali, as viewed through the lens of consumption smoothing. We find that idiosyncratic shocks appear to have little impact on consumption, and that households respond to these shocks in ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper explores risk sharing in the Zone Lacustre, Mali, as viewed through the lens of consumption smoothing. We find that idiosyncratic shocks appear to have little impact on consumption, and that households respond to these shocks in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper investigates how the control and devolution of productive assets are allocated among husband and wife. Using detailed household data from rural Ethiopia, the authors show that assets brought to marriage, ownership of assets, control ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates how the control and devolution of productive assets are allocated among husband and wife. Using detailed household data from rural Ethiopia, the authors show that assets brought to marriage, ownership of assets, control ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The international and local Nicaraguan media have widely reported on the “coffee crisis” in Latin America and there is substantial evidence that there has been a downturn and that this has been more severe in the coffee-growing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The international and local Nicaraguan media have widely reported on the “coffee crisis” in Latin America and there is substantial evidence that there has been a downturn and that this has been more severe in the coffee-growing ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The Nicaraguan Red de Proteccion Social (RPS) suggests that successful safety nets can protect the most affected by crisis without abandoning conditionality.
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Which social safety-net progammes reach poor households? How cost efficient are they? This research shows that public works programmes have great potential for targeting poor households. However there is a great variability in their performance. ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five Latin American countries (seven data sets) were used to explore the feasibility of creating a composite feeding index and to examine the association between feeding practices and child ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five Latin American countries (seven data sets) were used to explore the feasibility of creating a composite feeding index and to examine the association between feeding practices and child ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Over the past decade, donor-funded policies and programs designed to address undernutrition in the Global South have shifted away from agriculture-based strategies toward nutrient supplementation and food fortification programs. Given the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Over the past decade, donor-funded policies and programs designed to address undernutrition in the Global South have shifted away from agriculture-based strategies toward nutrient supplementation and food fortification programs. Given the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The database compiled by IFPRI (see policy brief on microfinance institutions [MFIs] in Africa, Asia, and Latin America) counts almost 1,500 microfinance institutions (688 in Indonesia and 790 in other countries) supported by international ...
  • Staff Profile
    Dan Gilligan joined IFPRI as a Postdoctoral Fellow in 2002 and is now a Senior Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division. His research addresses the economics of household investments in childhood education and nutrition ...
  • Over the period mid-October, 1997, through early February, 1998, CARE Tanzania implemented an Urban Livelihood Security Assessment (ULSA) in Dar es Salaam. The goal of the ULSA was to identify needs for urban programming in Dar es Salaam. In ...
  • Staff Profile
    Deanna Olney is a Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division. At IFPRI, she studies the impact of two large scale integrated food and nutrition programs in Burundi and Guatemala on maternal and child health and nutrition. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Secondary crops are of increasing interest to policymakers and planners in developing countries because of a desire to diversify economic activities and because of their proven potential to raise farm incomes and rural employment. To assess this ...
  • Staff Profile
    Derek Headey is a research fellow in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), where he joined as a postdoctoral fellow in 2008. A development economist, his research encompasses a ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper reviews the literature on the performance of commonly found social safety net programs in developing countries. The evidence suggests that universal food subsidies have very limited potential for redistributing income. While ...
  • Technical Guides
    Unlike the more technical issues covered in other guides, this topic is one that is unlikely to be familiar to many development project staff. For this reason, throughout this guide, reference is made to the Rural Development Plan of the Western ...
  • Technical Guides
    In recent years, many development agencies have made intensive efforts to improve their efficiency and increase their impact on rural poverty. At the heart of this new strategic management process is the measurement of performance. With Household ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Previous research on the determinants of credit rationing exclusively focused on the behavior of formal lenders who contract directly with an individual borrower. Based on a household survey in Madagascar, this paper presents an analysis of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The paper uses the concept of credit limit to analyze the determinants of household access to and participation in informal and formal credit markets in Malawi. Households are found to be credit constrained, on average, both in the formal and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Poverty profiles are a useful way of summarizing information on the levels of poverty and the characteristics of the poor in a society. They also provide us with important clues to the underlying determinants of poverty. However, important as ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Poverty profiles are a useful way of summarizing information on the levels of poverty and the characteristics of the poor in a society. For Egypt, while there has been some work on a descriptive analysis of the characteristics of the poor, to our ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This report presents an analysis of the structural determinants of living standards and poverty in Mozambique, which is based on nationally-representative data from the first national household living standards survey since the end of the civil ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Group lending has received much attention in recent years because of its perceived potential in providing financial services to poor households that lack traditional collateral. The analysis in this paper focuses on the effects of program design, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This report attempts to develop a consistent approach to determining the procurement price of rice and improving the operational effectiveness of the procurement program in order to support farm-level prices of rice at harvest seasons. The report ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The UNICEF-expanded model for nutrition is used to analyze the circumstances of care in urban environments. The model postulates that there are six major types of care behaviors: feeding and breast-feeding, food preparation and handling, hygiene ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Household food security is an important measure of well-being. Although it may not encapsulate all dimensions of poverty, the inability of households to obtain access to enough food for an active, healthy life is surely an important component of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Household food security is an important measure of well-being. Although it may not encapsulate all dimensions of poverty, the inability of households to obtain access to enough food for an active, healthy life is surely an important component of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    How many microfinance institutions (MFIs) exist in the developing world? What are their current performances? In 1999, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) team on microfinance conducted a survey on MFIs in Asia, Africa, and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    How many microfinance institutions (MFIs) exist in the developing world? What are their current performances? In 1999, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) team on microfinance conducted a survey on MFIs in Asia, Africa, and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The concern that learning performance may be adversely affected by increased class size appears to be unfounded. But unchecked, the negative peer effect could hinder student achievement.
  • The concern that learning performance may be adversely affected by increased class size appears to be unfounded. But unchecked, the negative peer effect could hinder student achievement.
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates differences in household production and consumption among small- and large-scale irrigators to assess whether the scale of an irrigation project increases household welfare in Mali. Much of the evidence of the impact of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Household definitions used in multi-topic household surveys vary between surveys but have potentially significant implications for household composition, production, and poverty statistics. Standard definitions of the household usually include ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines asset dynamics for husband-owned, wife-owned, and jointly owned assets, using unique longitudinal survey data from rural Bangladesh. Nonparametric and parametric methods are used to examine the shape of the dynamic asset ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The question raised in the title is an important one to the microfinance sector, especially since the Microcredit Summit held in Washington, DC, in 1997. In order to gain more transparency on the depth of poverty outreach, the Consultative Group ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This background paper attempts to expand our understanding of the gender-differentiated impact of shocks on assets through a literature review on shocks and gendered asset dynamics and an analysis of new panel data (2007 and 2009) from Uganda and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The KickStart International project’s objective is to increase crop production and productivity through the use of human-powered, low-cost micro-irrigation pumps. Direct benefits of the project include increased incomes and improved food security ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Using data from fieldwork conducted in Nepal, the impact of a project designed to commercialize vegetables and fruits - the Vegetable and Fruit Cash Crop Program (VFC)- on male and female time allocation is examined. Using a rigorous time ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Using data from fieldwork conducted in Nepal, the impact of a project designed to commercialize vegetables and fruits - the Vegetable and Fruit Cash Crop Program (VFC)- on male and female time allocation is examined. Using a rigorous time ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although most developing country cities are characterized by pockets of substandard housing and inadequate service provision, it is not known to what degree low incomes and malnutrition are confined to specific neighborhoods. This analysis uses ...
  • This series of notes summarizes findings of a project entitled “What development interventions work?” undertaken by researchers of the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and Data Analysis and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    High urbanization rates in Latin America are accompanied by an increase in women’s participation in the labor force and the number of households headed by single mothers. Reliable and affordable childcare alternatives are thus becoming ...
  • Discussion Papers
    High urbanization rates in Latin America are accompanied by an increase in women’s participation in the labor force and the number of households headed by single mothers. Reliable and affordable childcare alternatives are thus becoming ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Previous research has suggested that urban agriculture has a positive impact on the household food security and nutritional status of low-socioeconomic status groups in cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, but a formal test of the link between ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Economic, political, and social changes have altered the landscape of both urban and rural areas—as well as the interactions between the two—faster than perceptions and policies can keep up. Policymakers, for instance, often view rural and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Early childhood nutrition is thought to be an important input into subsequent academic achievement. This paper investigates the nutrition-learning nexus using a unique longitudinal data set, which follows a large sample of Philippine children ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper examines the effects of early childhood nutrition on schooling inputs and outcomes to assess the dynamic nature of human capital production, using panel data from South Africa. Height-for-age Z-score is used as a measure of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “While nutritional intake in early childhood provides the basis for a child’s health capital, investments in schooling provide the basis for a child’s knowledge capital. That store of knowledge, in turn, will eventually be ...
  • Infographic
    To achieve real nutrition gains from economic growth, policymakers have to tackle nutrition on all fronts and at all levels -- from making social protection, agriculture, and other programs more nutrition-sensitive to providing an environment in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The impact of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) on people’s lives and on development is staggering. Millions have died and livelihoods have been devastated, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The impact of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) on people’s lives and on development is staggering. Millions have died and livelihoods have been devastated, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the allocation of productive resources within rural households of poor countries. Building upon the existing literature, it provides a consistent framework from which to study productive efficiency and intrahousehold equity. ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The programme has a substantial positive impact on the diet of children. It also complements the basic livelihood strategies of poor urban women working outside the home.
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper presents a new methodological framework for measuring the level of household access to credit. It provides an analytical framework for examining the determinants of household credit limits and derives implications on information needed ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper presents a new methodological framework for measuring the level of household access to credit. It provides an analytical framework for examining the determinants of household credit limits and derives implications on information needed ...
  • General Information
    Rapid expansion of employment in low-income countries is one of the biggest challenges of development. The growth in labor supply in developing countries will remain large for a long time to come. Incomes of the poor in rural areas will depend ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper evaluates the effect (in terms of private returns) of investment in education on wages in the rural Philippines. Statistical endogeneity of education in the wage function may result from (1) unobserved determinants of education that ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This note provides more information about the case study described in the 2020 conference paper and brief Value Chains for Nutrition by Corinna Hawkes and Marie T. Ruel.
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 12 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Recent research sheds new light on the relationships among climatic shocks, conflict, household and community ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 17 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Although undernutrition is trending downward globally, 165 million children in low‐income countries were ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Books and Monographs
    During the period of Nepal's ninth Five-Year Plan (1997–2002), agricultural growth in the predominantly rural society was disappointing. The recent peace process, however, gives the country new opportunities to develop its economy with less ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “The “Cost of Basic Needs” (CBN) approach to drawing consumption-based poverty lines is widely applied and lays credible claim to being the best practice for estimating poverty measures. Unfortunately, a growing mass of evidence ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The “Cost of Basic Needs” (CBN) approach to drawing consumption-based poverty lines is widely applied and lays credible claim to being the best practice for estimating poverty measures. Unfortunately, a growing mass of evidence ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    With a per capita income of only about 20 percent of the African average, Ethiopia is one of the world’s poorest countries. More than 85 percent of the country’s population lives in rural areas, where agriculture is the main economic activity and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI assessed CARE-Ethiopia’s Urban Food-for-Work Project in order to draw lessons about how to work effectively in urban areas. This country study gives information on the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, highlights of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    En el presente documento se hace un resumen sobre la evaluación del desempeño operativo de Progresa. Programas bien concebidos y diseñados, basados en un amplio conocimiento de las relaciones técnicas entre los recursos y los resultados, podrían ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    One of the major components of the PROGRESA program has been directed toward improving the nutritional status of small children in poor rural communities in Mexico. Results suggest that PROGRESA may be having fairly substantial effects on ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This report focuses on the indirect and direct effects of transfer programs. In particular, it shows how modelling results can be combined with information from standard household surveys to provide an integrated analysis of the direct ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    One of the common criticisms of poverty alleviation programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces the programs’ impact on poverty. But very little empirical evidence exists on program costs. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    One of the common criticisms of poverty alleviation programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces the programs’ impact on poverty. But very little empirical evidence exists on program costs. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper provides an overview of a research project that assessed the long-term impact of three antipoverty interventions in Bangladesh—the introduction of new agricultural technologies, educational transfers, and microfinance—on monetary and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The authors set out a general equilibrium model for the evaluation of a domestically financed transfer program, which helps to combine the results from a computable general equilibrium model with disaggregated household data.Using a Mexican cash ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The authors set out a general equilibrium model for the evaluation of a domestically financed transfer program, which helps to combine the results from a computable general equilibrium model with disaggregated household data.Using a Mexican cash ...
  • Discussion Papers
    It is widely agreed that reducing poverty in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) depends largely on stimulating growth in agriculture. To this end, heads of state in Africa rallied to form the pan-African Comprehensive African Agriculture ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “In Ethiopia, while superficial examination suggests strong disincentive effects of food aid on labor supply and agricultural activities, these largely vanish under more careful statistical analysis.” — from Text
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The word “vulnerability” is often used by development agencies and scientists when speaking about human welfare in Southern Africa. It is known that increasing poverty, AIDS, and food insecurity are some of the threats that make households more ...
  • “One in three pre-school children in the developing world is undernourished. As a consequence, their human rights are violated. In addition, they are more likely to have impaired immune systems, poorer cognitive development, lower ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “One in three pre-school children in the developing world is undernourished. As a consequence, their human rights are violated. In addition, they are more likely to have impaired immune systems, poorer cognitive development, lower ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The current concern n for and policy response to malnutrition in India is solely restricted to undernutrition diagnosed on the basis of body size (anthropometry). However, recent evidence indicates that the burden of overnutrition and related ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reports on findings from 30 focus group discussions and 30 key informant interviews conducted in 12 districts of Bangladesh in May 2012. The discussions and interviews draw attention to perceptions of climate change and how ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    India is home to one-third of the world’s undernourished children, with rates of child undernutrition remaining stubbornly high for decades. Undernutrition is widespread among adults, too; one-third of all Indian men and women are affected. At ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper explores the long-term effects of a set of development interventions within the life trajectories of people in rural Bangladesh, using findings from 293 life-history interviews and an accompanying set of focus group discussions ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Lending is a risky enterprise because repayment of loans can seldom be fully guaranteed. The failure of a large number of state-sponsored agricultural development banks in many developing countries was due, among other things, to their inability ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Many countries in southern Africa are home to a large number of poor rural people, dependent on rainfed agriculture, barely subsisting even in years without shocks, and highly vulnerable to the vagaries of the weather, the economy, and government ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The prevalent and generally accepted image of famine in Ethiopia has been one of hopeless inevitability with food shortage and starvation being an unavoidable consequence of environmental hardship combined with economic and political ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    To what extent do India’s rural poor share in agricultural growth? Combining data from 24 household sample surveys spanning 35 years with other sources, we estimate a model of the joint determination of consumption-poverty measures, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This note provides more information about the case study described in the 2020 conference paper and brief Value Chains for Nutrition by Corinna Hawkes and Marie T. Ruel.
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban expansion and issues of food supply and distribution to and in the cities have four major consequences for urban food security. The first is the competition between demands for land needed for housing, industry, and infrastructure and land ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Which social safety-net progammes reach poor households? How cost efficient are they? This research shows that public works programmes have great potential for targeting poor households. However there is a great variability in their performance. ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The synergy between food assistance and market development contributed to avoiding a food-price crisis. In addition to being well targeted, timely, and efficiently administered, food assistance needs to reach the vulnerable in sufficient amounts ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Food aid programs have become increasingly important for disaster relief in many developing countries. In Ethiopia, a drought-stricken economy with one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world, food aid has amounted to almost 10 ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Food aid programs have become increasingly important for disaster relief in many developing countries. In Ethiopia, a drought-stricken economy with one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world, food aid has amounted to almost 10 ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) conducted a comprehensive study of the efficiency of food distribution in food aid-supported programs in Bangladesh. The capacity and efficiency of the food distribution system was ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) conducted a comprehensive study of the efficiency of food distribution in food aid-supported programs in Bangladesh. The capacity and efficiency of the food distribution system was assessed ...
  • General Information
    The Food Consumption and Nutrition Division (FCND) takes the lead at IFPRI on research to improve economic access to food and the ability to harness food for growth and nutrition. The FCND research program asks: How do policies and programs ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This report introduces new estimates of food insecurity based on food acquisition data collected directly from households as part of national household expenditure surveys (HESs) conducted in 12 Sub-Saharan African countries. The report has three ...
  • “This report introduces new estimates of food insecurity based on food acquisition data collected directly from households as part of national household expenditure surveys (HESs) conducted in 12 Sub-Saharan African countries.The report has ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Standard microeconomic methods consistently suggest that, in the short run, higher food prices increase poverty in developing countries. In contrast, macroeconomic models that allow for an agricultural supply response and consequent wage ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A combination of new and ongoing forces is driving global food prices. Rising energy prices and subsidized biofuel production, income and population growth, globalization, and urbanization are among the major forces contributing to surging ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The success of development policy depends on the ability to successfully anticipate the response of individuals to changing incentives. Often, however, actual responses differ from anticipated responses. One important reason for this divergence ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper summarizes findings from a formative research study conducted in Haiti to develop a behavior change communication (BCC) strategy to improve infant and child feeding practices and to reduce childhood malnutrition. It describes the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper summarizes findings from a formative research study conducted in Haiti to develop a behavior change communication (BCC) strategy to improve infant and child feeding practices and to reduce childhood malnutrition. It describes the ...
  • News
    This blog story by IFPRI Senior Research Fellow Stuart Gillespie and IFPRI Division Director Marie Ruel was originally posted on The Guardian’s Development Professionals Network. The G8 countries are being asked to make firm financial and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Practitioners may ask why they should address gender issues in development. Aside from the obvious answer—that gender equality is a basic human right and in that sense is integral to development—many disparities in development outcomes stem from ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper presents new evidence on the association between gender and poverty based on an empirical analysis of 11 data sets from 10 developing countries. The paper computes income- and expenditure-based poverty measures and investigates their ...
  • Discussion Papers
    An increasing literature examines the association between restricted fetal or early childhood growth and the incidence of diseases in adulthood. Little is known, however, about gender difference in this association. We assess the impact of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reviews the econometric evidence on gender differences in agricultural productivity. It provides a methodological overview and a critique of (1) production function-based estimates of technical and labor productivity differences by ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Within many African households, agricultural production is simultaneously carried out on many plots controlled by different members of the household. Detailed plot-level agronomic data from Burkina Faso provides striking evidence of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) project was launched in 2009 to reduce food and income insecurity in South Asia through accelerated development and deployment of new cereal varieties, sustainable management practices for crop ...
  • Books and Monographs
    About the Book Summarizes women’s contributions to agriculture and food security and the obstacles to their broader participation Draws on data at the micro, census and national levels Challenges conventional story lines on women ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Over the past decade, stakeholders have made a variety of generalized claims concerning women’s landownership, both globally and in Africa. Typically, these claims include statements with single statistics, such as “women own less than 2 percent ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Access to, control over, and ownership of assets are critical components of well-being. Assets can be used to generate income, as collateral for access to credit, and as stores of wealth. They can also be used to cope with shocks such as natural ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) project was launched in 2009 to reduce food and income insecurity in South Asia through accelerated development and deployment of new cereal varieties, sustainable management practices for crop ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact of prime-age adult mortality on the transition from school to the labor market of adolescents and on decisions by female adults to participate in the labor force in South Africa. The analysis focuses on that ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper assesses the impact of prime-age mortality on human capital formation and labor markets by examining, first, the impact on adolescents, who may leave school in order to enter the labor market, and second, the impact on adult females ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper analyzes the ways in which gender issues affect property rights and the use of natural resources in developing countries. It examines the informal practices of resource use, usually involving multiple uses by multiple users. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 11 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia This brief attempts to unpack the relationship between gender and resilience by reviewing the evidence on ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Improving the livelihoods and well-being of the rural poor is an important aim of agricultural development, promoted through agricultural intensification and commercialization strategies. But improved agricultural productivity does not ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper provides empirical evidence on the gendered impact of the 2007–08 food price crisis using panel data on 1,400 households from rural Ethiopia that were initially surveyed before the onset of the crisis, in 1994–95, 1997, and 2004, and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In the Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study, IFPRI collaborated with the Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research and the World Health Organization to examine the nature of urban poverty and how it relates to food insecurity and ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the long-term impacts of improved school quality at the elementary school stage on subsequent schooling investments and labor market outcomes using unique data from a recent survey that tracked students in the Philippines. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Global environmental change in Zimbabwe is intertwined with a challenging political environment, excessive economic decline, the depletion of scarce skills, and a generalized AIDS epidemic. Against this background, a development initiative known ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study uses data from a representative survey of households with preschoolers in Accra, Ghana to (1) examine the importance of care practices for children’s height-for-age z-scores (HAZ); and (2) identify subgroups of children for whom ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Qu’elles soient considérées comme « accaparements de terre » ou comme investissements agricoles pour le développement, les grandes transactions foncières, réalisées par les investisseurs dans les pays en développement, font l’objet de beaucoup ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Ce document propose une analyse de la dimension de genre dans le débat croissant sur les grandes transactions foncières. Il répond au manque d’information actuel sur l’impact différent que les grandes transactions foncières peuvent avoir ...
  • Table of Contents: Tables, Figures, Foreword, Acknowledgments, and Summary; 1. Introduction; 2. Determinants of the Placement and Outreach of Group-Based Financial Institutions:A County-Level Analysis; 3. Group-Based Financial ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Publicly funded, noncontributory transfer programs targeted to the poor and vulnerable have a long history. Free food distribution was a feature of Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs and of Rome during its Imperial age. England had a succession of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI evaluated the Government of Guatemala’s Community Day Care Centers Program to determine its effects on children’s nutrition and on their mothers’ wages and employment opportunities. This study provides data on the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI evaluated the Government of Guatemala’s Community Day Care Centers Program to determine its effects on children’s nutrition and on their mothers’ wages and employment opportunities. This study provides data on the ...
  • The Hogares Comunitarios Program (HCP) was established in Guatemala City in 1991 as a direct response to the increased need for affordable and reliable childcare for women in urban Guatemala. The government-sponsored pilot program was designed as ...
  • Staff Profile
    Harold Alderman, with both a master’s degree in nutrition (Cornell) and a Ph.D. in economics (Harvard), has naturally gravitated to research on the economics of nutrition and food policy. He spent 10 years at the IFPRI prior to joining the World ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Using 1996-97 and 2002-03 nationally representative household surveys, we examine the extent to which growth in Mozambique has been pro-poor. While all sections of society enjoyed a rapid annual increase in consumption between the sample ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This discussion paper examines trends in inequality in Mozambique, which in 1996 was one of the world’s poorest countries. In fact, it was so poor that mean per capita consumption was actually below the absolute poverty line. Between ...
  • Staff Profile
    Hazel Malapit is a Research Coordinator at the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). She coordinates research, training and technical assistance on the implementation of the Women’s ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The health and nutritional status of women is important for both the quality of their lives and the survival and healthy development of their children. Adequate nutrition is a human right for all, and the two-way link between nutritional ...
  • 2020 Focus
    CONTENTS: Brief 1. Overview / Rafael Flores — Brief 2. The Global Burden of Disease / Alan D. Lopez — Brief 3. HIV/AIDS / Anthony Barnett and Gabriel Rugalema — Brief 4. Malaria / Andrea Egan — Brief 5. Tuberculosis / ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Despite rapid economic growth in recent years, Mozambique remains a very poor country. Expenditure-based poverty measures are reflected in widespread food insecurity and poor health status. In recognition of these problems, the Government of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Despite rapid economic growth in recent years, Mozambique remains a very poor country. Expenditure-based poverty measures are reflected in widespread food insecurity and poor health status. In recognition of these problems, the Government of ...
  • News
    If you learned that a $1 investment in your child’s nutritional intake during infancy would ultimately net an $18 return, would you make the investment? Yes, if you had the means, it’s likely you would. It’s a win-win: healthier child, healthier ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The current food price crisis has received widespread attention, but discussions to date have largely overlooked the gender dimensions of the crisis. More than 15 years of rigorous research on gender and intrahousehold resource allocation suggest ...
  • General Information
    Der Welthunger-Index 2008 (WHI) zeigt, dass die Welt seit 1990 langsame Fortschritte bei der Verbesserung der Ernährungssicherheit gemacht hat, wobei sich je nach Region und Land erhebliche Unterschiede ergeben. In den fast zwei Jahrzehnten seit ...
  • News
    Note: A modified version of this story originally appeared on Dani Rodrik’s weblog on March 28, 2014. Since the poor spend a greater share of their household incomes on purchasing food, higher food prices must exacerbate poverty, right? Wrong . . ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The Lake Victoria region has the highest HIV prevalence in the East African Community, which comprises Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi. This region also has a significant concentration of commercial agricultural plantations, which ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The HIV/AIDs pandemic is a global crisis with consequences that will be felt for decades to come. Thirty-nine million people are currently infected with the virus, including more than 25 million from Sub-Saharan Africa. Many millions are affected ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “To effectively address the interactions between HIV/AIDS and food insecurity, there’s a need to fill knowledge gaps. strengthen capacity, and learn-by-doing in partnership with people who are directly affected.” — ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper first reviews the potential pathways through which HIV/AIDS affects nutrition, food security, and the livelihoods of households, particularly those dependent on agriculture. With regard to nutrition, HIV/AIDS significantly impacts ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper first reviews the potential pathways through which HIV/AIDS affects nutrition, food security, and the livelihoods of households, particularly those dependent on agriculture. With regard to nutrition, HIV/AIDS significantly impacts ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “There is hardly need these days to repeat that HIV/AIDS is devastating African societies and economies, threatening the hard-won human development gains of the past several decades. The changes to the development landscape wrought by AIDS ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “There is hardly need these days to repeat that HIV/AIDS is devastating African societies and economies, threatening the hard-won human development gains of the past several decades. The changes to the development landscape wrought by AIDS ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This book synthesizes IFPRI’s recent work on the role of gender in household decisionmaking in developing countries, provides evidence on how reducing gender gaps can contribute to improved food security, health, and nutrition in developing ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reviews design features by which safety nets might do more with less. It reviews the current evidence on their success in practice-including three brief reviews of southern Africa experience-and suggests a role for future policy ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Growing evidence shows that the distribution of individuals’ ownership and control of assets within a household can have important implications for women’s empowerment and children’s well-being. Interventions that target assets to specific ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    BRAC’S Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR-TUP) program aims to assist the ultra poor in rural Bangladesh to rise out of extreme poverty and access mainstream development programming. CFPR-TUP Phase 2—the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the program logic of three nongovernmental, community-based programs with different intervention models to reduce childhood stunting. Two programs, Child Nutrition Program (PNI) and Good Start, focused directly on education ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Food as a human right was first laid down 50 years ago in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The last 10 years, in particular, have witnessed an increased recognition of the importance of the human rights approach for designing policies ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The economic motivations for investing in the education and nutritional status of primary-school-aged children are well established. Moreover, investments in both of these forms of human capital are likely to benefit from substantial ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Education and child health are important tools of poverty reduction and economic development. With the recent focus on universal primary education as a Millennium Development Goal, many developing countries have made dramatic improvements in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper uses project and household data to examine the ability of 100 or so public works projects in Western Cape Province, South Africa, to target benefits-both direct and indirect-to those living below the poverty line. We find that public ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses project and household data to examine the ability of 100 or so public works projects in Western Cape Province, South Africa, to target benefits-both direct and indirect-to those living below the poverty line. We find that public ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “…Workfare programmes have been used across Asia, Africa, and Latin America to provide the poor with income transfers, help them cope with income shocks, and create assets by constructing much-needed infrastructure-which, once built, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The reliability of food security rating, a variant of the more familiar wealth ranking procedure, was tested in a rural area of Western Honduras. Twenty workshop sessions were conducted in 13 different communities, with members of organized small ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper examines determinants and consequences of migration from urban slums using panel data from two Nairobi slums. We analyze migration behavior of both adults and children. First, empirical analysis of labor market dynamics shows that ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The end of the apartheid system in South Africa in 1994 brought with it the end of legally sanctioned racial segregation in schools. In practice, however, racial disparities in educational attainment continue, with white and Asian students ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates whether human capital affects the productivity and labor allocation of rural households in four districts of Pakistan. The investigation shows that households with better-educated males earn higher off-farm income and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Human milk is a food that meets all conditions for an infant’s nutrition security and is the most important food for more than 10 percent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (children less than three years of age). Statistics on ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The rapidly accelerating AIDS epidemic of the 90s and its current state of “hyperendemicity” in southern Africa have affected the levels, intensity and nature of vulnerability. Not only does HIV co‐exist with widespread food insecurity and ...
  • General Information
    This brochure highlights some of IFPRI’s activities in South Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and across the continent.
  • In 2000, the Nicaraguan government implemented a conditional cash transfer program designed to improve the nutritional, health, and educational status of poor households, and thereby to reduce short- and long-term poverty. Based on the Mexican ...
  • Books and Monographs
    In 2000, the Nicaraguan government implemented a conditional cash transfer program designed to improve the nutritional, health, and educational status of poor households, and thereby to reduce short- and long-term poverty. Based on the Mexican ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper presents the main findings of a quantitative evaluation of the Red de Protección Social (RPS), a conditional cash transfer program in Nicaragua, against its primary objectives. These included supplementing income to increase household ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper presents the main findings of a quantitative evaluation of the Red de Protección Social (RPS), a conditional cash transfer program in Nicaragua, against its primary objectives. These included supplementing income to increase household ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The paper departs from the standard practice that takes the estimated marginal effects of either the amount of credit received or membership in a credit program as measures of the impact of access to credit on household welfare. The marginal ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Food security has deteriorated since 1995 and reductions in child malnutrition are proceeding too slowly to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for halving hunger by 2015. Three major challenges threaten to drastically complicate ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The spectacular growth of the microfinance industry has been fueled not by market forces but by conscious actions of national governments, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and donors who view microfinance as an effective tool for alleviating ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The recent dramatic increase in prime-age adult mortality in many African countries is largely attributed to the AIDS epidemic. Excess mortality is concentrated among women between the ages of 25 and 39 and among men between the ages of 30 and ...
  • CD-Roms
    This report of the findings of a CGIAR research project includes seven case studies of different types of agricultural research: aggregate investments in agricultural research in China and India; rice, vegetable, and fishpond technologies in ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact of a large supply-side education intervention in the Philippines, the Third Elementary Education Project, on students’ national achievement test scores. We find that the program significantly increased student test ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impacts of prenatal conditions and water quality on child growth using recent data from Indonesia. Our empirical results show that an increase in birth weight has significant positive effects on children’s subsequent ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Improving women’s ability to securely access land is recognized as an effective means to increase gender equality and advance other key social and economic development goals. Despite progressive laws in many African countries, gender disparities ...
  • “Malnutrition affects one out of every three pre-school-age children living in developing countries. This disturbing, yet preventable, state of affairs causes untold suffering and, given its wide scale, presents a major obstacle to the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    While famines and other episodes of severe hunger receive significant press coverage and attract much public attention, chronic hunger and malnutrition are considerably more prevalent in Africa. It is estimated that 14 percent of children are ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we ...
  • News
    Dena Leibman is Head of Outreach at IFPRI. As nutrition experts from around the world gather in London to ask G8 leaders to take bold action to fight malnutrition, The Lancet, one of the world’s premier medical journals, is informing the debate ...
  • News
    Properly functioning markets play a key role in improving the economic well-being of poor populations. But a recent IFPRI event highlighted how markets can do even more, reaching beyond economics to have an important impact on health outcomes. On ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines the impact of wheat transfers and cash incomes on wheat consumption and wheat markets. Using propensity score- matching techniques, the total marginal propensity to consume (MPC) for wheat is, on average, 0.33, ranging from ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact of wheat transfers and cash incomes on wheat consumption and wheat markets. Using propensity score- matching techniques, the total marginal propensity to consume (MPC) for wheat is, on average, 0.33, ranging from ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The paper examines, taking into account the urban-rural divides, the changes and welfare implications of income diversification in Zimbabwe following macroeconomic policy changes and droughts of the early 1990s. Data from two comparable ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “The paper examines, taking into account the urban-rural divides, the changes and welfare implications of income diversification in Zimbabwe following macroeconomic policy changes and droughts of the early 1990s. Data from two comparable ...
  • Discussion Papers
    With poverty studies having shifted their focus from household poverty to individual poverty, a number of studies have started to examine ntrahousehold resource allocation, especially gender bias within the household as potential causes of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    What can be done to increase the effective participation of women in food and nutrition security in Africa? This brief advocates a two-pronged approach. First, eradicate discrimination against women, and second, promote catch-up by implementing ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In this brief, the authors suggest five areas for action to put rural India on a higher growth trajectory that would cut hunger, malnutrition, and unemployment at a much faster pace than has been the case so far. The five areas for action are ...
  • Publication
    This document summarizes new and updated indicators to assess infant and young child feeding. The analytic work providing the evidence for these indicators was supported through a partnership of the International Food Policy Research Institute ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Embeddable Map (Put this map on your website) El Índice Global del Hambre (GHI) muestra que el progreso mundial en la reducción del hambre sigue siendo lento. El GHI global de 2009 ha caído apenas en una cuarta parte con respecto al de 1990. ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines the equity implications of the evolution of land rights from communal land tenure to individualization in customary land areas in Western Sumatra. This brief sets forth policy implications: Preference for sons in the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In most developing countries, it is the private, informal markets that the rural poor have traditionally turned to service their financial needs. Why have these institutions succeeded in providing services to the poor when formal institutions ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The synergy between food assistance and market development contributed to avoiding a food-price crisis. In addition to being well targeted, timely, and efficiently administered, food assistance needs to reach the vulnerable in sufficient amounts ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This study aims to assess the value of poverty mapping to public-works projects undertaken by the World Food Programme (WFP) with the government of Malawi in its Food for Assets and Development (FFASD) program….Poverty mapping is a ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Poverty mapping applies models of household welfare developed from detailed household consumption and expenditure surveys to the extensive but less detailed data from national censuses. A poverty map for Malawi, developed by drawing upon ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Survey and ethnographic methods have been combined in the evaluations of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs for the governments of Nicaragua and Turkey. This paper describes the quantitative and qualitative research designs for these ...
  • 2020 Focus
    The migration of labor across international boundaries has increased rapidly since 1990. Over 190 million individuals now live outside their country of birth, and the majority of migrants leave developing countries for countries with higher ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The paper reviews recent theory and empirical evidence testing unitary versus collective models of the household. In contrast to the unitary model, the collective model posits that individuals within households have different preferences and do ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The paper reviews recent theory and empirical evidence testing unitary versus collective models of the household. In contrast to the unitary model, the collective model posits that individuals within households have different preferences and do ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This study explores the intrahousehold impact of transfer of modern agricultural technology from a gender perspective. The data suggest that group-based programs targeting women have a greater potential to address gender relations within the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study explores the intrahousehold impact of transfer of modern agricultural technology from a gender perspective. The data suggest that group-based programs targeting women have a greater potential to address gender relations within the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The synergy between food assistance and market development contributed to avoiding a food-price crisis. In addition to being well targeted, timely, and efficiently administered, food assistance needs to reach the vulnerable in sufficient amounts ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Por mucho tiempo se ha sabido que una buena nutrición es esencial para el desarrollo físico y cognoscitivo de los niños, pero las evidencias recientes arrojan nueva luz sobre el momento óptimo de las intervenciones para mejorar la nutrición ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    It has long been known that good nutrition is essential to children’s physical and cognitive development, but recent evidence sheds new light on the optimal timing of interventions to improve child nutrition and the long-term effects of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Although dietary diversity is universally recognized as a key component of healthy diets, there is still a lack of consensus on how to measure and operationalize it. This paper focuses on the issues of dietary diversity in developing countries. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although dietary diversity is universally recognized as a key component of healthy diets, there is still a lack of consensus on how to measure and operationalize it. This paper focuses on the issues of dietary diversity in developing countries. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses data from national household expenditure surveys to explore whether food insecurity is more severe in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. It employs two indicators of the diet quantity dimension of food insecurity, or the inability ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Recent research has shown that improving women’s decisionmaking power relative to men’s within households leads to improvements in a variety of well-being outcomes for children. In South Asia, where the influence of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Recent research has shown that improving women’s decisionmaking power relative to men’s within households leads to improvements in a variety of well-being outcomes for children. In South Asia, where the influence of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While early studies tended to find positive correlations between economic resources, education and HIV infection, as the epidemic has progressed, it has increasingly been assumed that this relationship is changing. But what is really known about ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This document summarizes 24 months of extensive research by the International Food Policy Research Institute designed to evaluate whether PROGRESA has been successful at achieving its goals. The evaluation analyzes what has been the impact of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This document summarizes 24 months of extensive research by the International Food Policy Research Institute designed to evaluate whether PROGRESA has been successful at achieving its goals. The evaluation analyzes what has been the impact of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Are public transfers targeted toward children largely neutralized by the household, as the theory of altruism implies, or is there an intrahousehold “flypaper effect” whereby such transfers “stick” to the child? This paper ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The primary goal of emergency food aid after an economic shock is often to bolster short-term food and nutrition security. However, these transfers also act as insurance against other shock effects, such as destruction of assets and ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about James Garrett in IFPRI ebrary
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Jef Leroy is a Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division. At IFPRI, he studies the impact of two large scale integrated food and nutrition programs in Burundi and Guatemala on maternal and child nutrition and health. ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about Jessica Heckert in Google Scholar
  • Staff Profile
  • In 1997, CARE-Bangladesh undertook a livelihood security assessment of urban slum households in the cities of Tongi, Khulna and Bogra. Based on the findings of that study and a review of secondary literature, the SHAHAR (Supporting Household ...
  • Staff Profile
    Jody Harris joined IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division as a research analyst in September 2010. Her work is primarily on linking agriculture and heath for nutrition, including program evaluations and reviews of published evidence. ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about John Fiedler in IFPRI eBrary
  • Staff Profile
    John Hoddinott is a Deputy Director in the Poverty Health and Nutrition Division. Before joining IFPRI he held university appointments in Canada and the United Kingdom, including a University Lectureship in Economics and Fellowship at Lady ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Kimberly Keeton is a Communications Specialist II for the Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division (PHND) and the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH). She has an MPA from the University of Washington and a BA from ...
  • Staff Profile
    Kuntal K. Saha is a Research Fellow at IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division. Since joining IFPRI in 2009, he is working as Country Coordinator for the Monitoring, Learning and Evaluation component of the Alive & Thrive initiative in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    El papel de la mujer en la economía se ha subestimado con frecuencia y su trabajo en la agricultura ha sido invisible por mucho tiempo. Las autoridades normativas, pese a haber en focado los programas de población, salud y nutrición en la mujer ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Both food for work and free distributiona are reaching poor and vulnerable households ahd have a positive direct impact on weight-for-height. The benefits of the programmes vary depending on the sex of the child, and at times, the sex of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Ce document analyse l’extensification agricole de trois régions de Madagascar (Majunga, Fianarantsoa et Vakinankaratra), basé sur des données d’une enquête communautaire organisée dans 200 fokontany en Mai-Juin 1997. Les résultats ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The authors use individual observations from a panel of families during the period of the peso crisis in Mexico to investigate whether and how labor market shocks, as proxied by changes in the gender- and age-specific unemployment rates in the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The authors use individual observations from a panel of families during the period of the peso crisis in Mexico to investigate whether and how labor market shocks, as proxied by changes in the gender- and age-specific unemployment rates in the ...
  • Archive
    The authors address questions such as: (1) how do parents allocate land and education between sons and daughters? (2) how do changing returns to land and human capital affect parents’ investments in children? (3) what do gender differences ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The authors of this book identify the factors affecting land inheritance and schooling across generations in the Philippines, Indonesia, and Ghana-countries with very different social and cultural traditions. Based on household surveys at each ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Highland Ethiopia is one of the most densely populated regions of Africa and has long been associated with both Malthusian disasters and Boserupian agricultural intensification. This paper explores the race between these two countervailing ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper explores statistically the implications of the shift from communal to individualized tenure on the distribution of land and schooling between sons and daughters in matrilineal societies, based on a Sumatra case study. The inheritance ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Although asset-based approaches for studying poverty have shown that the portfolio of assets households own or can access influences livelihood strategies and a variety of development outcomes, there is little research unpacking gendered ...
  • This research report examines three questions that are central to IFPRI research: How do property-rights institutions affect efficiency and equity? How are resources allocated within households? Why does this matter from a policy perspective? As ...
  • Discussion Papers
    El presente trabajo busca plantear argumentos acerca de las dimensiones de género en el marco del creciente debate sobre las transacciones de tierras a gran escala. El documento hace referencia al vacío actual de información sobre los efectos ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Las transacciones para la adquisición de tierras a gran escala por inversionistas en los países en vías de desarrollo, ya sean consideradas como “acaparamiento de tierras” o como inversión agrícola, están generando mucha atención. No obstante, ...
  • Staff Profile
    Lawrence Haddad is a Senior Research Fellow in the International Food Policy Research Institute’s Poverty Health and Nutrition Division. He was the Director of the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex from 2004 to 2014. Prior to that ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The programme has a substantial positive impact on the diet of children. It also complements the basic livelihood strategies of poor urban women working outside the home.
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project (GAAP) aims to promote women’s ownership and control of productive assets in developing countries by evaluating how well agricultural development projects improve men’s and women’s access to assets and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Le présent rapport de politique alimentaire présente la synthèse de la recherche actuelle sur les fonctions que les femmes remplissent pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire dans le monde en développement. Il présente les éléments probants ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While clinical care providers, program managers and other stakeholders increasingly recognize the critical importance of nutrition for the treatment of HIV and AIDS, interventions that link nutritional support to treatment are relatively new. The ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In Africa and elsewhere, safety nets were promoted in the 1980s as a response to the (presumably short-term) adverse effects of structural adjustment. Though some safety nets had a developmental component, safety nets are still largely associated ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    With high population density and limited land availability, Vietnam’s Red River Delta is undergoing a major transformation as its economic base moves away from subsistence farming towards intensive, high-value food production for export and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    With high population density and limited land availability, Vietnam’s Red River Delta is undergoing a major transformation as its economic base moves away from subsistence farming towards intensive, high-value food production for export and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “”This paper uses longitudinal data from 15 villages in rural Ethiopia to explore the nature and consequences of these links. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the links between rural households and local urban ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “”This paper uses longitudinal data from 15 villages in rural Ethiopia to explore the nature and consequences of these links. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the links between rural households and local urban ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses income decomposition techniques to demonstrate the importance of livestock income in improving rural income distribution. It is based on three-year household panel data (1986 to 1989) from rural Pakistan. The paper first ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Data from many countries show that the concentration of poverty and malnutrition is shifting from rural to urban areas. Although many rural people move to the cities seeking to improve their well-being, they often remain mired in poverty and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “With urban dwellers purchasing 80 percent or more of their food, understanding urban employment is critical to designing policies and programs to address urban hunger and poverty. Reviewing the literature, but also using data from ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “With urban dwellers purchasing 80 percent or more of their food, understanding urban employment is critical to designing policies and programs to address urban hunger and poverty. Reviewing the literature, but also using data from ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The HIV prevention strategies and programs that are widely promoted in sub-Saharan Africa in large part target HIV awareness and individual behavioral modification – conventionally through the ABC (Abstain, be Faithful and use Condoms) approach ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Resistance to HIV refers to an active response on the part of individuals, households, communities that is aimed at avoiding or minimizing exposure to the virus. To understand resistance to HIV it is necessary to first identify factors and ...
  • 2020 Focus
    La tendencia es inevitable: más y más personas del mundo en desarrollo viven en las ciudades. En el año 2020, el número de habitantes de los países en desarrollo aumentará de 4.900 millones a 6.800 millones. Un 90% de este incremento se producirá ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper examines the impact of preschool malnutrition on subsequent human capital formation in rural Zimbabwe using a maternal fixed effects-instrumental variables (MFE-IV) estimator with a long-term panel data set. Representations of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper examines the impact of preschool malnutrition on subsequent human capital formation in rural Zimbabwe using a maternal fixed effects-instrumental variables (MFE-IV) estimator with a long-term panel data set. Representations of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper identifies the cumulative impact of early schooling investments on later schooling outcomes in the context of a developing country, using enrollment status and relative grade attainment (RGA) as short- and long-run measures of ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    Assessment of the welfare impacts of low-frequency events, such as macroeconomic crises and stabilizations, are often confounded by sampling and nonsampling errors that generate fluctuations in household survey-based welfare indicators; they are ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Booklets
    This atlas combines information and analyses of the 1998 Population and Housing Census and the 1997-98 Integrated Household Survey, together with some sectorally specific data, to provide policy makers, students, educators and interested ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Mamata Pradhan, joined IFPRI-New Delhi Office in September 2011 as a Senior Communication and Knowledge Management Coordinator in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division’s POSHAN project. She has over 13 years of experience in health, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A major rationale for conducting policy research is the contribution the results can make to policy improvement efforts. Over the years, funders of international policy research have placed increasing emphasis on making sure that the research ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This study analyzes work, childcare arrangements, and earnings of mothers in the poor neighborhoods of Guatemala City and Greater Accra, Ghana, two urban areas where formal- and informal-sector work differ in importance. Unlike previous ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This study analyzes work, childcare arrangements, and earnings of mothers in the poor neighborhoods of Guatemala City and Greater Accra, Ghana, two urban areas where formal- and informal-sector work differ in importance. Unlike previous ...
  • Staff Profile
    Mara van den Bold joined IFPRI in January 2012 as a Research Analyst in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division (PHND). Prior to joining IFPRI, Mara worked in London at WaterAid, an international NGO focused on improving access to safe ...
  • Staff Profile
    Marie T. Ruel has been Director of IFPRI's Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division since 2004, after serving as Senior Research Fellow and Research Fellow in that division starting in 1996. Since joining IFPRI, she led the Multi-Country Program on ...
  • Discussion Papers
    In Malawi, maize is the major crop and food staple. Given limited off-farm employment opportunities, much-needed increases in household income for improving food security must come from gains in agricultural productivity through better technology ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper seeks to understand how market imperfections affect the behavior of consumers in China’s rural economy. A theoretical and empirical model is developed and estimated using a household-level data from six counties in Hebei ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A drastic increase in AIDS-related mortality of the prime-age adult population can change many aspects of household and individual behavior. The death of prime-age adults decreases household income and, thus, decreases investment in human capital ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the effect of AIDS-related mortality of the prime age adult population on marriage behavior among women in Malawi. A rise in prime-age adult mortality increases risks associated with the search for a marriage partner in the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The institution of marriage plays a role in determining one’s risk of exposure to HIV. Since the transmission of HIV in the population is mainly through sexual activity, avoiding infection depends on risk-avoiding behavior. If the number of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The institution of marriage plays some role in determining one’s risk of exposure to HIV. Since the transmission of HIV in the population is mainly through sexual activity, avoiding infection depends on risk-avoiding behavior. ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Books and Monographs
    Malnutrition afflicts nearly 170 million preschool children in developing countries, or every third child under the age of five. It plays a role in more than half of all preschooler child deaths—over 5 million preventable deaths per year. Those ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Defining and interpreting food security, and measuring it in reliable, valid and cost-effective ways, have proven to be stubborn problems facing researchers and programs intended to monitor food security risks. This paper briefly reviews the ...
  • Technical Guides
    This guide outlines methodologies that will assist practitioners to improve the nutrition impact of development activities. The methodologies described here are jointly referred to as nutritional assessment. The guide begins by explaining what is ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper focuses on dynamics within couples, although the authors recognize that dynamics among extended family members and across generations are of substantial interest. Decisions about resource allocations, control over economic resources, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper focuses on dynamics within couples, although the authors recognize that dynamics among extended family members and across generations are of substantial interest. Decisions about resource allocations, control over economic resources, ...
  • Publication
    This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) baseline survey results, summarizing both findings from the WEAI survey and the relationships between the WEAI and various outcomes of interest ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 1 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Much of the world’s chronically poor and malnourished population lives in an increasingly volatile world. The ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Paper 1 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Abstract Substantial numbers of the world’s chronically poor and malnourished population live in an ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Melissa is a research fellow in the Poverty Health and Nutrition Division of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). She is an applied microeconomist working at the intersection of development economics, early childhood ...
  • Technical Guides
    The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), like many development practitioners, often finds that insufficient information constrains its research efforts with partner organizations in developing countries. Solid data are often ...
  • Technical Guides
    Este libro, basado en la experiencia de campo del IFPRI y en la interacción con diversas organizaciones asociadas, está dirigido a ayudar a los practicantes del desarrollo a superar estas restricciones. La audiencia principal es la ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This collection of policy briefs cover research results from a multicountry research program on rural finance policies for food security of the poor, 1994-2000. It offers lessons learned from IFPRI´s program on rural finance and household food ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The author answers this important question in the paper and concludes that strategies are possible to enhance the micronutrient content and bioavailability of plant-based staple and other micronutrient-containing foods in whole diets. She states ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper discusses the potential long-term effects of micronutrient malnutrition in early childhood on obesity and related disease outcomes. The links between early micronutrient malnutrition, stunting, and subsequent short adult stature - ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper explores the diversity of the experience of migrants to rural, peri-urban, and urban areas using a unique longitudinal data set from the Philippines. In 2003 and 2004, the Bukidnon Panel Study followed up with 448 families in rural ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Using a unique longitudinal data set to follow movements across generations, this study explores the nature of the migration experience for rural dwellers in the Philippines. The paper asks the following questions: (1) Do destinations-more rural ...
  • Discussion Papers
    We investigate the extent in which northern Nigerian households engage in internal migration to insure against ex ante and ex post agricultural risk due to weather-related variability and shocks. We use data on the migration patterns of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Each year millions of people in low-income countries uproot themselves from rural homes to take their chances in a new setting. But who are these migrants? Where do they go and why? What becomes of individuals and families when ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A tremendous increase in the number of orphans associated with a sharp rise in prime-age adult mortality due to AIDS has become a serious problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. In fact, more than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The approach of this study is to examine the effects of household asset ownership patterns on the morbidity status of male and female preschoolers, measured as the number of illness days in the two weeks preceding the household survey.Section 2 ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The approach of this study is to examine the effects of household asset ownership patterns on the morbidity status of male and female preschoolers, measured as the number of illness days in the two weeks preceding the household survey.Section 2 ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “For a number of reasons, progress in improving child feeding practices in the developing world has been remarkably slow. First, complementary feeding practices encompass a number of interrelated behaviors that need to be addressed ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “For a number of reasons, progress in improving child feeding practices in the developing world has been remarkably slow. First, complementary feeding practices encompass a number of interrelated behaviors that need to be addressed ...
  • Staff Profile
    I have completed my Masters of Social Science in Anthropology. Last year, April 2010, I started my journey with IFPRI as a consultant for Qualitative Research, Alive & Thrive Project. Before that I had eight years work experiences at Social ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A growing body of evidence suggests that conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs can have strong, positive effects on a range of welfare indicators for poor households in developing countries. However, the contribution of individual program ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Mycotoxins come under regulatory limits in foods and feeds because they are carcinogens. Nevertheless, in addition to tumorigenic properties, many mycotoxins are anti-nutritional factors causing unthrifty growth and development of young animals. ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Malawi to examine the impacts of disasters on dynamic human capital production. Our empirical results show that accumulation of biological human capital prior to a disaster helps children ...
  • Staff Profile
    Naureen Karachiwalla is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division. She is an applied microeconomist focusing on human development. Naureen holds a Ph.D. in Economics and an M.Sc. in Development Economics from the ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Neha Kohli joined IFPRI as research analyst in November 2011, she will be working with the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division of the New Delhi Office on policy processes for nutrition interventions in India. Prior to this, she was working ...
  • Staff Profile
    Neha Kumar is a Research Fellow in the Poverty Health and Nutrition Division at IFPRI where she joined as a postdoctoral fellow in 2008. An economist by training, she has research experience in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, in countries such ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Archive
    New and noteworthy items on child survival, growth and development, HIV/AIDS, micronutrients, obesity, nutrition in crises adn shocks, and nutrition policy are the main features of this issue of NNN.
  • Archive
    This issue focuses on Southern Africa, child growth and development, nutrition policy, obesity, and micronutrients.
  • Archive
    CHILD SURVIVAL, GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
  • Archive
  • Archive
  • Archive
    CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted investments, ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Upon arrival in a new location, migrants collect information from a variety of sources: their own resources, job postings, and informal networks of friends and neighbors, including those who have moved to the destination from the same place of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Upon arrival in a new location, migrants collect information from a variety of sources: their own resources, job postings, and informal networks of friends and neighbors, including those who have moved to the destination from the same place of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Since the late 1970s dramatic economic changes have taken place in the agricultural sector in the highlands of Guatemala. The introduction of new export crops, such as snow peas, broccoli, and miniature vegetables, has led to yet another ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Since the late 1970s dramatic economic changes have taken place in the agricultural sector in the highlands of Guatemala. The introduction of new export crops, such as snow peas, broccoli, and miniature vegetables, has led to yet another ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Both food for work and free distribution are reaching poor and vulnerable households ahd have a positive direct impact on weight-for-height. The benefits of the programmes vary depending on the sex of the child, and at times, the sex of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Both food for work and free distributiona are reaching poor and vulnerable households ahd have a positive direct impact on weight-for-height. The benefits of the programmes vary depending on the sex of the child, and at times, the sex of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    For effective decisionmaking, policymakers and program managers often need detailed information about the welfare of the population, including knowledge about which specific areas are most affected by poverty and undernutrition. Household sample ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper explores the possibility of applying.. methods… known as small-area estimation to the study of children’s nutritional status as measured by anthropometry. This research in Tanzania is the first attempt to map ...
  • News
    John Hoddinott is a Senior Research Fellow and Deputy Director of the Poverty Health and Nutrition Division at IFPRI. In a few days’ time, high level representatives from governments, business, scientists, and civil society will meet in London to ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The paper shows how the so-called distributional characteristic of a policy instrument can be additively decomposed into two components; one that captures the targeting efficiency of the instrument, the other its redistributive efficiency. Using ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The paper shows how the so-called distributional characteristic of a policy instrument can be additively decomposed into two components; one that captures the targeting efficiency of the instrument, the other its redistributive efficiency. Using ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In Bangladesh, the majority of the people suffer from a lack of food security. As a short-run solution to the problem, a targeted intervention of transferring income can be an efficient way of increasing real incomes of the poor. Distributing ...
  • Technical Guides
    This introductory guide provides a brief introduction to the concept of food security. (An introduction to nutrition issues is found in Technical Guide #5.) It outlines the links between the types of projects often designed and their impact on ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Given the large amount of funds allocated to food-assisted Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition (MCHN) programmes. it is critical to improve their effectiveness. Operations research holds promise for helping achieve this goal. Effective ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “As in many Sub-Saharan countries, the issue of orphan-care has risen to the top of social protection agenda in Malawi, where the prevalence of orphaned children has dramatically increased because of early deaths of parents infected by the ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “The trend is inescapable: more and more people in the developing world are living in the cities. By 2020, the number of people living in developing countries will grow from 4.9 billion to 6.8 billion. Ninety percent of this increase will ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines the relationship between community participation and the efficacy of interventions designed to reduce poverty. We develop some simple analytics that are used to structure a review of the extant literature and motivate the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the relationship between community participation and the efficacy of interventions designed to reduce poverty. We develop some simple analytics that are used to structure a review of the extant literature and motivate the ...
  • Staff Profile
    Parul Tyagi joined IFPRI in October in PHN-New Delhi. Parul has completed MSc Economics (SGPE) from University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK and B.A.(Honours) Economics from University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India. Parul has worked as research ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This draft report presents a first attempt to summarize the research findings of the Pathways from Poverty Research Program, launched in 2003 by the Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division at IFPRI. This program used longitudinal data on ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper is based on community-level data from 188 villages in rural Madagascar. The survey that was conducted in 1997 made extensive use of long-term recall questions ascertaining changes during the past 10 years in rice yields, wages, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper is based on community-level data from 188 villages in rural Madagascar. The survey that was conducted in 1997 made extensive use of long-term recall questions ascertaining changes during the past 10 years in rice yields, wages, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI analyzed Peru’s comedores populares (community kitchens) and associated programs to .identify lessons for future urban projects. Under Project Leader, James Garrett, IFPRI’s study reviewed the operational experiences of PRODIA ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI analyzed Peru’s comedores populares (community kitchens) and associated programs to identify lessons for future urban projects. Under Project Leader, James Garrett, IFPRI’s study reviewed the operational experiences of PRODIA ...
  • Staff Profile
    Phuong Hong Nguyen is a Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, and is based at the Alive & Thrive (A&T) office in Hanoi, Viet Nam. She is a medical doctor and has served as an Ob/Gyn for over 12 years at the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Bangladesh has witnessed major strides in providing financial services to the rural poor. These services are provided largely through innovative group-based credit programs of several nongovernmental organizations. The implicit but widespread ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Worldwide, more than 14 million children have lost a parent to HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, the current epicentre of the epidemic, it is estimated that by 2010, 16% of children will be orphaned by AIDS. The implication of the term “AIDS ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Because trace minerals are important not only for human nutrition, but for plant nutrition as well, plant breeding holds great promise for making a significant low-cost and sustainable contribution to reducing micronutrient deficiencies in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urbanization, trade liberalization, agroindustrialization, and the rise of supermarkets are among the trends providing farmers in poor countries with new opportunities to participate in local and global markets. For farmers to benefit from these ...
  • Books and Monographs
    “Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia presents a bioeconomic model of this less- favored area in the Ethiopian highlands. The main reason for selecting this case study area is the unique availability ...
  • Policy Analysis for Sustainable Land Management and Food Security in Ethiopia presents a bioeconomic model of this less- favored area in the Ethiopian highlands. The main reason for selecting this case study area is the unique availability of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    There is growing interest in the role of policy reforms to promote gender equality and empower women, two key objec-tives of development policy. From a policy perspective, it would be ideal for reforms undertaken in different policy areas to be ...
  • Discussion Papers
    There is growing interest in the role of policy reforms to promote gender equality and empower women, two key objectives of development policy. From a policy perspective, it would be ideal for reforms undertaken in different policy areas to be ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The objective of measuring poverty is usually to make comparisons over time or between two or more groups. Common statistical inference methods are used to determine whether an apparent difference in measured poverty is statistically ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A complete and updated series on poverty measures for India is presented spanning the period 1951-1994. The series are presented at the all-India level as well as for 15 major states, and for rural and urban sectors separately. Key features of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper presents the poverty analysis of the 1997 98 Malawi Integrated Household Survey. The analysis developed basic needs poverty lines, using consumption-based measures of welfare to classify households and individuals as poor and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Typical living standards surveys can provide a wealth of information about welfare levels, poverty, and other household and individual characteristics. However, these estimates are necessarily at a high level of aggregation, because such ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Typical living standards surveys can provide a wealth of information about welfare levels, poverty, and other household and individual characteristics. However, these estimates are necessarily at a high level of aggregation, because such ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This report provides an evaluation of the community level effects of PROGRESA using household level data from various rounds of PROGRESA’s evaluation sample (the ENCEL surveys). These surveys, along with ENCASEH 1997, provide a valuable ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This report provides an evaluation of the community-level effects of the Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud, y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) using household-level data from various rounds of PROGRESA’s evaluation sample (the Encuesta de ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This report provides an evaluation of the community level effects of PROGRESA using household level data from various rounds of PROGRESA’s evaluation sample (the ENCEL surveys). These surveys, along with ENCASEH 1997, provide a valuable ...
  • “…Through a study of seven public works programs implemented in Western Cape province, this report examines the benefits and challenges of pursuing community participation, together with the effects of participation on meeting the ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Through a study of seven public works programs implemented in Western Cape province, this report examines the benefits and challenges of pursuing community participation, together with the effects of participation on meeting the other objectives ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impacts of prenatal conditions on child growth using recent data from Indonesia. There is seasonality in birth weight: this measure is significantly higher during the dry season than during the rainy season. The empirical ...
  • General Information
    An ongoing IFPRI project is assessing the long-term impact of investing in preschool nutrition and the long-term costs of failing to do so. The project includes work in many countries, including the two studies—one in Guatemala and one in ...
  • General Information
    A study in Haiti conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Cornell University, in conjunction with World Vision, compared the impact on childhood nutrition of two World Vision programs providing food assistance and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This policy brief reviews evidence and draws lessons regarding the role of microfinance for income and consumption smoothing by the poor, and highlights potential areas for product innovation by the microfinance sector to address the demand for ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Using data that enables us to distinguish between the different components of program participation (i.e., knowledge, application, and acceptance), we investigate the determinants of household behavior and program implementation in a social ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Using data that enables us to distinguish between the different components of program participation (i.e., knowledge, application, and acceptance), we investigate the determinants of household behavior and program implementation in a social ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Governments, development agencies, and communities are attempting to improve urban livelihoods and reduce urban poverty and food and nutrition insecurity… Developing more effective urban programs requires considering some key ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In early 1998, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was asked to assist the PROGRESA administration to “determine if PROGRESA is functioning in practice as it is intended to by design.” PROGRESA is one of the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Feeding practices are an important determinant of the nutritional status of infants and children. It is therefore useful to measure and describe infant and child feeding practices in a number of contexts. Such measurements could enable (1) ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Feeding practices are an important determinant of the nutritional status of infants and children. It is therefore useful to measure and describe infant and child feeding practices in a number of contexts. Such measurements could enable (1) ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Recognizing that “gender matters,” many development interventions have aimed to close the gender gap in access to resources, both human and physical, and to address the specific needs of female farmers. This paper critically reviews attempts to ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Gender norms are an important constraint to increasing agricultural productivity. Inequality in the distribution of resources between men and women is linked with production inefficiency, yet interventions targeting smallholder farmers often fail ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “Flooding is a normal part of the ecology of Bangladesh. The 1998 flood was especially serious because of its depth and duration. At its peak, the flood covered two-thirds of the country, causing severe damage to the rice crop and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Flooding is a normal part of the ecology of Bangladesh. The 1998 flood was especially serious because of its depth and duration. At its peak, the flood covered two-thirds of the country, causing severe damage to the rice crop and ...
  • Staff Profile
    Purnima Menon is a Senior Research Fellow in IFPRI’s Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, and is based at IFPRI’s Asia office in New Delhi, India. She conducts applied nutrition research in the South Asia region, with a focus on programs and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The role of school quality in determining educational outcomes has received much research attention in the United States. However, in developing countries, where a significant part of the school age population never attends school, policymakers ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The role of school quality in determining educational outcomes has received much research attention in the United States. However, in developing countries, where a significant part of the school age population never attends school, policymakers ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper is intended to present a critique of various aspects of protein related nutritional improvements in maize. Earlier efforts and difficulties in developing germplasm products that failed to meet expectations and lacked agronomic ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Poverty maps are easily used, easily understood, and objectively verifiable. Using them for politically sensitive decisions, such as where to locate food assistance projects, is likely more acceptable than basing such decisions on obscure and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper examines dynamic changes in educational quality and equity differences in the public school system between Black and other racial groups in post-apartheid South Africa, using the ratio of learners to educators in each school, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper uses recently available South African school census data from 1996 and 2000 to assess variations in educational quality across former population groups of public schools and dynamic changes in post-apartheid South Africa. The ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Rahul Rawat joined IFPRI in September 2007 as a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division. At IFPRI, he conducts research on HIV and nutrition within the Regional Network on AIDS, Livelihoods and Food Security (RENEWAL) ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Few policies are as universally accepted as raising primary school enrolment in developing countries, but the policy levers for achieving this goal are not straight forward. This paper merges household survey data with detailed school supply ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The diversity of urban areas presents substantial challenges to the validity of information from rapid assessments, yet CARE’s experiences in Bangladesh and Tanzania suggest a number of ways that rapid assessment procedures can be ...
  • Staff Profile
    Rasmi Avula joined the Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division of IFPRI in January 2011. She received a PhD in Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior in 2010 from the University of South Carolina and MS in Nutrition from South Carolina State ...
  • Books and Monographs
    “Rather than looking at the association between poverty and various household and individual characteristics on a one-to-one basis (bivariate analysis), which often oversimplifies complex relationships and can lead to erroneous conclusions, ...
  • “Rather than looking at the association between poverty and various household and individual characteristics on a one-to-one basis (bivariate analysis), which often oversimplifies complex relationships and can lead to erroneous conclusions, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “The principal objective of food aid, besides responding to needs created by conflict, and other disasters, should be to provide an insurance function for those events for which existing insurance mechanisms function poorly” — ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    How rapidly will child undernutrition respond to income growth? This study explores that question using household survey data from 12 countries. In addition, data on the undernutrition rates since the 1970s available from a cross-section of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    How rapidly will child undernutrition respond to income growth? This study explores that question using household survey data from 12 countries. In addition, data on the undernutrition rates since the 1970s available from a cross-section of ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Despite rapid income growth, South Asia has lagged behind the rest of Asia in reducing poverty and hunger. South Asia accounts for more than two-fifths of the world’s poor, and although the region seems on track to meet the first Millennium ...
  • General Information
    The Regional Network on HIV/AIDS, Rural Livelihoods, and Food Security (RENEWAL) was launched in 2001. Facilitated by IFPRI, RENEWAL is a growing regional network-of-networks. Currently active in Kenya, Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, and Zambia, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the direct, first-rounds impact of two types of remittances-internal and external remittances-on income distribution and asset accumulation in rural Pakistan. Using income decomposition techniques on a three-year panel ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The current global agreement governing food aid-the Food Aid Convention (FAC)-will expire in 2007. It has come under heavy criticism as has the diffuse set of broader food aid governance institutions that has emerged in the last 50 years. These ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The current global agreement governing food aid-the Food Aid Convention (FAC)-will expire in 2007. It has come under heavy criticism as has the diffuse set of broader food aid governance institutions that has emerged in the last 50 years. These ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper analyzes the repayment rates of credit groups belonging to three group-based credit programs in Bangladesh: the Association for Social Advancement (ASA), the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC), and the Rangpur Dinajpur Rural ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Food legumes in general contain appreciable quantities of iron and other minerals. Although legumes are often cited as a complement to cereals in terms of amino acid content, they also make a particularly important contribution to micronutrient ...
  • Booklets
    IFPRI commissioned a series of in-depth case studies to look at how research findings are communicated to and used by policymakers. The case studies show that policy research can promote action that improves the lives of the poor. And they ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 8 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Recurrent humanitarian crises have led many development actors to begin thinking differently about development ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    To fully realize the potential of food aid to reduce risk and to mitigate the impacts of HIV/AIDS, existing strategies and interventiuons need to be re-viewed using an HIV/AIDS lens.
  • IFPRI Briefs
    HIV/AIDS is changing the entire development landscape in Sub-Saharan Africa. Can and should food assistance be used to combat HIV/AIDS? The answer to both questions is an unequivocal “yes.” As people struggle to cope with HIV/AIDS, food usually ...
  • Discussion Papers
    HIV/AIDS is a slow-moving, devastating shock that kills the most productive members of society, increases household dependency ratios, reduces household productivity and caring capacity, and impairs the intergenerational transfer of knowledge. It ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Using data from multiple sources, we show that in Bangladesh, the increase in real wages, particularly female wages, has accelerated since the late 2000s, suggesting that the Lewis turning point (the point at which the labor market starts to ...
  • 2020 Focus
    Risk is a pervasive feature of life in poor rural areas of developing countries. This brief outlines a conceptual framework for understanding the nature of risks faced by poor rural households and their consequences before turning to a more ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses panel data from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Malawi to examine the impacts of natural disasters on schooling investments, with a particular focus on the roles of ex-ante actions and ex-post responses. We find that the importance of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Lathyrus sativus (grasspea or chickling pea) is a popular food and feed crop in certain Asia and African countries such as Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, and Pakistan, because of its resistance to drought, flood and moderate salinity ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Like many developing countries, China and India followed development strategies biased in favor of the urban sector over the last several decades. These development schemes have led to overall efficiency losses due to misallocation of resources ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper explores the dynamic relationship between the rural and urban sectors and the consequent impact on poverty in China and India, both of which followed aggressive urban industrialization paths in the mid-twentieth century. The bulk of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The objective of IFPRI’s multicountry research program on rural financial policies for food security of the poor is to identify policies and institutional arrangements that help the poor integrate themselves into sustainable savings and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    For poor rural families in developing countries, access to credit and savings facilities has the potential to make the difference between grinding poverty and an economically secure life. Well-managed savings facilities permit households to build ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban food and nutrition security depends on strong links between urban and rural areas. But policymakers and urban planners often ignore this interdependence. There are two broad, often overlapping, categories of rural-urban linkages. ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Les nutritionnistes et prestataires d’assistance alimentaire sont depuis longtemps conscients que la malnutrition des enfants a des effets nuisibles qui peuvent durer toute la vie. Malgré l’attention et les ressources considérables investies pour ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “While many community-driven development (CDD) initiatives may be successful, their impact is often limited by their small scale. Building on past and ongoing work on CDD, this study addresses the fundamental question: how can CDD ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “While many community-driven development (CDD) initiatives may be successful, their impact is often limited by their small scale. Building on past and ongoing work on CDD, this study addresses the fundamental question: how can CDD ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper discusses enabling and constraining factors related to the scaling-up of the Scaling Up HIV/AIDS Interventions Through Expanded Partnerships (STEPs) initiative, supported by Save the Children U.S.A.(SC), to combat HIV/AIDS in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper discusses enabling and constraining factors related to the scaling-up of the Scaling Up HIV/AIDS Interventions Through Expanded Partnerships (STEPs) initiative, supported by Save the Children U.S.A.(SC), to combat HIV/AIDS in Malawi. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper discusses the factors that enabled and constrained the scaling up of a multisectoral poverty alleviation program called Kudumbashree, initiated by the government of Kerala (GOK), India, in 1998 to eradicate poverty by 2008. It ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper discusses the factors that enabled and constrained the scaling up of a multisectoral poverty alleviation program called Kudumbashree, initiated by the government of Kerala (GOK), India, in 1998 to eradicate poverty by 2008. It ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “This paper assesses how the PROGRESA Program has affected the school enrollment of Mexican youth in the first 15 months of its operation. PROGRESA provides poor mothers in poor rural communities with education grants, if their children ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper assesses how the Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud, y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) program has affected the school enrollment of Mexican youth in the first 15 months of its operation. PROGRESA provides poor mothers in poor rural ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper assesses how the Programa Nacional de Educacion, Salud, y Alimentacion (PROGRESA) program has affected the school enrollment of Mexican youth in the first 15 months of its operation. PROGRESA provides poor mothers in poor rural ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The seasonality of disease, ill‐health and hunger were illustrated in multiple contexts in the original IDS conference on seasonality over three decades ago. The subsequent book (Chambers et al. 1981) was published in the same year as the first ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Staff Profile
    Shalini Roy is a postdoctoral fellow in the Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division. Her research focuses on households' economic behavior underlying food security, human capital formation, and intrahousehold dynamics. Much of her work involves ...
  • News
    When women control the family finances, does it equate to a broader sphere of influence in household decisions? Research has suggested that women’s empowerment, both inside and outside the home, is closely correlated to women’s ownership of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Natural disasters have particularly devastating impacts on economic growth in developing countries because they impede the accumulation of capital. The resilience of labor markets is crucial especially for the poor who rely only on labor to ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Project Papers and Notes
    El programa “Red de Protección Social” (RPS) del gobierno de Nicaragua presenta una nueva propuesta en la formación de redes de seguridad para las personas más pobres de la sociedad. Este tipo de “programa de transferencias condicionadas de ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    South African households live in an environment characterized by risks, and many face a significant probability of experiencing economic losses that threaten their daily subsistence. Using household panel data that include directly solicited ...
  • Discussion Papers
    South African households live in an environment characterized by risks, and many face a significant probability of experiencing economic losses that threaten their daily subsistence. Using household panel data that include directly solicited ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The goal of this paper is to determine the nature of the causal relationship between “social capital,” as measured by household membership in formal and informal groups and household welfare in South Africa. Using a recently collected ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper empirically identifies social learning and neighborhood effects in schooling investments in a new technology regime. The estimates of learning-investment rule from farm household panel data at the onset of the Green Revolution ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper empirically identifies social learning and neighborhood effects in schooling investments in a new technology regime. The estimates of learning-investment rule from farm household panel data at the onset of the Green Revolution ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines social learning regarding HIV infection, using HIV test results and sibling death data from Malawi. In the analysis, we compare hypotheses on social learning, selection. and common factors. Empirical results show that young ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Social protection involves policies and programs that protect people against risk and vulnerability, mitigate the impacts of shocks, and support people who suffer from chronic incapacities to secure basic livelihoods. It can also build assets, ...
  • Books and Monographs
    As HIV and AIDS simultaneously undermine livelihoods and household and community safety nets, families are especially vulnerable to poverty, food insecurity, and threats to their children’s nutrition, health, and education, with irreversible ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Using detailed data from rural Pakistan, this paper investigates whether human capital, learning by doing, gender, and one’s status within the family affect the division of labor within households. Results suggest the presence of returns to ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban-rural comparisons of childhood undernutrition suggest that urban populations are better-off than rural populations. However, these comparisons could mask the large differentials that exist among socioeconomic groups in urban areas. Data ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Urban-rural comparisons of childhood undernutrition suggest that urban populations are better-off than rural populations. However, these comparisons could mask the large differentials that exist among socioeconomic groups in urban areas. Data ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This review of recent literature explores the challenges to urban food and nutrition security in the rapidly urbanizing developing world. The premise of the manuscript is that the causes of malnutrition and food insecurity in urban and rural ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines dynamics in public good accessibility and cross-community inequality in Indonesia, using village-level panel data from 2000 to 2006 from their decentralized public-good allocation system. The introduction of decentralization ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses household panel and village census data from Indonesia to examine the impact of spatial connectivity (road) development on household income growth and nonagricultural labor supply. The empirical results show that the impacts of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Capacity development is essential to participatory initiatives, especially given the recent trend toward decentralized governance in many developing countries. Communities need both the wherewithal to carry out development activities themselves, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    A major premise of this paper is that the failure-or limited achievements-of many large-scale nutrition programs is very often a function of insufficient sustainable capacities within communities and organizations responsible for implementing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A major premise of this paper is that the failure-or limited achievements-of many large-scale nutrition programs is very often a function of insufficient sustainable capacities within communities and organizations responsible for implementing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This assessment focuses on IFPRI’s research program, Strengthening Food Policy through Intrahousehold Analysis,” within the Food Consumption and Nutrition Division (FCND). The program was initiated in 1992, formally began in ...
  • General Information
    Despite evidence that strengthening women’s asset holdings is critical to several development outcomes—including food security, child nutrition, education, and women’s well-being—a substantial asset gap remains between men and women. Recognizing ...
  • Staff Profile
    Stuart Gillespie, a senior research fellow with IFPRI, is currently CEO of the Transform Nutrition Research Program Consortium – a six-partner consortium that seeks to transform thinking and action on “the neglected crisis of undernutrition” in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “This paper explores the global prevalence of an emerging phenomenon: the coexistence of a stunted child and an overweight mother in the same household. It also tests whether this phenomenon is associated with a country’s level of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “This paper explores the global prevalence of an emerging phenomenon: the coexistence of a stunted child and an overweight mother in the same household. It also tests whether this phenomenon is associated with a country’s level of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In rural economies encumbered by significant market imperfections, farming decisions may partly be motivated by nutritional considerations, in addition to income and risk factors. These imperfections create the potential for farm assets to have ...
  • Staff Profile
    More about Sunny Kim in IFPRI eBrary
  • Discussion Papers
    Very limited empirical analyses are done on evaluating how changes in the retail environment affect diet and health status of consumers, especially in developing countries. The major objective of this study is to shed some light on some of these ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper explores the implications of preference heterogeneity between wives and husbands in nonresource-pooling rural West African households for the effect of crop price changes on agricultural production, i.e., their supply response. A ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Successful food policy implementation is preceded by a defined policymaking process drawing from a sound information base. Yet too often the knowledge generated through food policy research does not become part of the local body of information ...
  • Technical Guides
    This guide outlines operational methodologies that will improve the targeting of rural development projects. It begins by considering the principles underlying targeting and then considers the practice of targeting.
  • Books and Monographs
    Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Lessons and Experience reviews the lessons learned from 122 antipoverty interventions in 47 transition and developing countries to quantify outcomes and their determinants and to inform ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “…There are sharply divergent views as to how much narrowly targeted interventions actually benefit the poor. These result from differing assessments of three issues: whether better targeting outcomes are likely to be achieved, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Since the transition to democracy, South African public works programs are to involve community participation, and be targeted to the poor and women. This paper examines the targeting performance of seven programs in Western Cape Province, and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Since the transition to democracy, South African public works programs are to involve community participation, and be targeted to the poor and women. This paper examines the targeting performance of seven programs in Western Cape Province, and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The objective of this report is to conduct a re-evaluation of the targeting methods used by PROGRESA in light of the revisions adopted by the PROGRESA administration regarding how households are selected as eligible for PROGRESA benefits. Soon ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This report reevaluates PROGRESA’s targeting methods since the program began adding beneficiary households through a process called “densification.” The authors first evaluate PROGRESA’s accuracy in targeting both at the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The objective of this report is to conduct a re-evaluation of the targeting methods used by PROGRESA in light of the revisions adopted by the PROGRESA administration regarding how households are selected as eligible for PROGRESA benefits. Soon ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This article examines the degree to which child malnutrition, infectious disease, and mortality, as well as poverty, overcrowding, substandard housing, and lack of access to basic services, tend to concentrate in particularly disadvantaged ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Thisreport examines the degree to which child malnutrition, infectious disease, and mortality, as well as poverty, overcrowding, substandard housing, and lack of access to basic services, tend to concentrate in particularly disadvantaged ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses a “natural experiment” in Canadian divorce law reform to discriminate empirically between unitary and Nash-bargained models of the household. Using time-series data from three Canadian provinces, it demonstrates that ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This book is a comprehensive analysis of the impact of the 1998 floods, the response of the government, and the coping strategies of households. It contains valuable lessons for developing countries on maintaining food security following major ...
  • Discussion Papers
    India is home to one-third of the world’s malnourished children. This figure that remains stubbornly high, despite the country having the second-fastest growing economy in the world, with agriculture accounting for a significant part of that ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In this paper, the authors describe a strategy of breeding plants that enrich themselves, that load high amounts of minerals and vitamins into their edible parts, has the potential for substantially reducing recurrent costs that are associated ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    With high food prices threatening the food security of millions of vulnerable households around the world, hunger and malnutrition are back in the headlines. The world is making only slow progress in reducing food insecurity, according to ...
  • General Information
    It’s a bitter reality that in a world that is growing closer all the time, hunger, undernutrition, and abject poverty are still rife. The poorest of the poor lack a sufficiently influential voice to make their fundamental concerns be heard. It’s ...
  • General Information
    The Global Hunger Index is based on three equally weighted indicators: the proportion of undernourished as a percentage of the population (reflecting the share of the population with insufficient dietary energy intake); the prevalence of ...
  • General Information
    2012 Global Hunger Index now available Embeddable Map (Put this map on your website) More information See all GHI Reports GHI Awards The 2008 Global Hunger Index (GHI) shows that the world has made slow progress in reducing food insecurity ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact over the life course of early childhood growth failure as measured by achieved height at 36 months. It uses data collected on individuals who participated in a nutritional supplementation trial between 1969 and 1977 ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Life in urban areas presents special challenges for maternal child care practices. Data from a representative survey of households with children less than 3 years of age in Accra were used to test a number of hypothesized constraints to child ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Life in urban areas presents special challenges for maternal child care practices. Data from a representative survey of households with children less than 3 years of age in Accra were used to test a number of hypothesized constraints to child ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper proposes and implements a methodology for a detailed, comparative analysis of the level and structure of costs for three similar poverty alleviation programs in Latin America: the Programa Nacional de Educación, Salud y Alimentación ...
  • Discussion Papers
    A common criticism of antipoverty programs is that the high share of administrative (nontransfer) costs substantially reduces their effectiveness in alleviating poverty. Yet there is surprisingly little hard empirical evidence on such ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This policy brief summarizes lessons learned from IFPRI’s multicountry program on rural finance and household food security with regard to the poors’ demand for financial services. The lessons are derived from detailed household ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Micronutrient deficiencies are particularly severe in Bangladesh. Understanding howhousehold income, food prices, parental education and nutritional knowledge, and culturally-based customs and food preferences interact to determine food ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Egyptian labor market is moving from a period of high overall unemployment to one where unemployment is increasingly concentrated among specific groups whose access to the private-sector labor market is limited. Educated young women are more ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Egyptian labor market is moving from a period of high overall unemployment to one where unemployment is increasingly concentrated among specific groups whose access to the private-sector labor market is limited. Educated young women are more ...
  • Books and Monographs
    “This book — one of the major outcomes of a two-year joint collaborative effort between ADB, IFPRI and other partners — represents the first comprehensive assessment of nutrition in the region with the largest concentration of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the role of the extended family on investments in children, using data from a retrospective survey of three generations in the rural Philippines. Econometric results show that interactions between grandparent characteristics ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The Government of Bangladesh launched the innovative Food for Education (FFE) program in 1993. The FFE program provides a free monthly ration of rice or wheat to poor families if their children attend primary school. The goals of this program are ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The Government of Bangladesh launched the innovative Food for Education (FFE) program in 1993. The FFE program provides a free monthly ration of rice or wheat to poor families if their children attend primary school. The goals of this program are ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The GAPVU cash transfer program is an important safety net for urban Mozambique. The coverage of the program is impressive within the urban sector, reaching about 16 percent of all urban households. Although the mean transfer amount is just over ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Whether viewed as “land grabs” or as agricultural investment for development, large-scale land deals by investors in developing countries are generating considerable attention. However, investors, policymakers, officials, and other key ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper strives to introduce a discussion of the gender dimensions into the growing debate on large-scale land deals. It addresses the current information gap on the differential gender effects of large-scale land deals through (1) an overview ...
  • Discussion Papers
    For many years poverty reduction was the overarching welfare objective of a wide range of development institutions and programs, particularly in the context of agricultural development. Yet in recent years the development community has ...
  • Books and Monographs
    The Hogares Comunitarios Program was launched as a pilot project in Guatemala City in 1991 in response to the need for alternative childcare in a rapidly urbanizing environment. By providing working parents with lowcost, quality childcare within ...
  • Women who live in marginalized urban areas are underincreased pressure to work outside the home inincome-generating activities.The scarcity of child care alterna-tives can be a severe constraint to their household’s liveli-hood, food, and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban Challenges to Food and Nutrition Security
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urban agriculture-agriculture located within or on the fringe of a town or city-may be one way to bolster city food supplies while also increasing the incomes of the poor. Urban agriculture uses resources, products, and services found in and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    For 30 years, U.S. food and nutrition scientists and policymakers concerned with food and nutrition have explored the possibility of making the human right to food (HRF) the moral and legal cornerstone of U.S. domestic and international ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates whether public investments that led to improvements in road quality and increased access to agricultural extension services led to faster consumption growth and lower rates of poverty in rural Ethiopia. Estimating an ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Studies have shown that malnourished children in developing countries score lower on tests of cognitive function and fail to acquire fine motor skills at the normal rate. Do the effects of nourishment-good or bad-in early childhood linger into ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by (1) ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Brazil’s Bolsa Família is one of the largest conditional cash transfer programs in the world, providing cash grants to poor households conditional on their fulfilling a series of requirements related to schooling and health. Despite the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    There is little rigorous evidence on the comparative impacts of cash and food transfers on food security and food-related outcomes. We assess the relative impacts of receiving cash versus food transfers using a randomized design. Drawing on data ...
  • Discussion Papers
    In developing countries, common property resources (CPRs) can be an important source of income for certain individuals within households. This paper demonstrates that if a change in the management of CPRs imposes costs on these individuals, or ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper assesses the impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Nets Programme (PSNP), the largest social protection program in Sub-Saharan Africa outside of South Africa. Using Propensity Score Matching techniques, we find that the program ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study documents how poor small-scale farmers in lowland tropical Mexico use improved maize germplasm and how this contributes to their well-being. It does this by assessing both the direct adoption of improved varieties and examining the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This study documents how poor small-scale farmers in lowland tropical Mexico use improved maize germplasm and how this contributes to their well-being. It does this by assessing both the direct adoption of improved varieties and examining the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper as exemplified by the Millennium Declaration of the United Nations, the reduction of poverty and hunger are now seen as central objectives of international development. Yet the modalities for attaining these goals are contested. ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper as exemplified by the Millennium Declaration of the United Nations, the reduction of poverty and hunger are now seen as central objectives of international development. Yet the modalities for attaining these goals are contested. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Overview The objective of this report to examine the impact of PROGRESA on women’s status and intrahousehold relations. The program provides cash benefits linked to children’s school attendance and to regular clinic attendance, as well as in-kind ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The AIDS epidemic has caused a drastic increase in adult mortality. This study examines the impacts of adult deaths on child nutrition—specifically the impact on child food intake and growth with reference to their weights. Anthropometry data ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Land O’Lakes’ Manica Smallholder Dairy Development )rogram (MSDDP) in Manica province, Mozambique, has two primary objectives: 1) rebuilding Mozambique’s dairy industry to meet market demand and 2) increasing smallholder farmers’ incomes through ...
  • Books and Monographs
    “Malnutrition affects one out of every three preschool-age children living in developing countries.This disturbing, yet preventable, state of affairs causes untold suffering and, given its wide scale, presents a major obstacle to the ...
  • This series of notes summarizes findings of a project entitled “What development interventions work?” undertaken by researchers of the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and Data Analysis and ...
  • This series of notes summarizes findings of a project entitled “What development interventions work?” undertaken by researchers of the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and Data Analysis and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper investigates the long-term impact of Bangladesh’s Primary Education Stipend (PES) program on a range of individual and household welfare measures using a unique longitudinal study spanning the years 2000 to 2006. Using covariate and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Movement of people, or migration in the positive sense of the term, contributes positively to the achievement of secure livelihoods, and to the expansion of the scope for poor people to figure out pathways out of poverty. Migration does this by ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This work was carried out as part of the ADB-IFPRI Regional Technical Assistance Project on Nutrition Trends, Policies and Strategies in Asia and the Pacific. Chronic diseases may soon dominate the disease burden of Asia and the Pacific - at ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The nutritional transition currently occurring in Asia is one facet of a more general demographic/nutritional/epidemiological transition that accompanies development and urbanization, marked by a shift away from relatively monotonous diets of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The nutritional transition currently occurring in Asia is one facet of a more general demographic/nutritional/epidemiological transition that accompanies development and urbanization, marked by a shift away from relatively monotonous diets of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The persistence of undernutrition in the face of India’s impressive economic growth is of enormous concern. Less than 55 percent of mothers and children receive any essential health and nutrition inputs that are critical for improving maternal ...
  • Discussion Papers
    South Asia has long been synonymous with persistent and unusually high rates of child undernutrition—the so-called Asian enigma. Yet contrary to this stereotype, Bangladesh has managed to sustain a rapid reduction in the rate of child ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Irrigation is central to Pakistan’s agriculture; and managing the country’s canal, ground, and surface water resources in a more efficient, equitable, and sustainable way will be crucial to meeting agricultural production challenges, including ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Egypt has a large food subsidy program that has created a relatively effective social safety net, but it has also drained budgetary resources and proved to be poorly targeted toward the poor. Discussions about reforming the system to improve its ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Egypt has a large food subsidy program that has created a relatively effective social safety net, but it has also drained budgetary resources and proved to be poorly targeted toward the poor. Discussions about reforming the system to improve its ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Sub-Saharan African cities in the late 1990s face a daunting set of problems including rapid growth, increasing poverty, deteriorating infrastructure, and inadequate capacity for service provision. However, even as a renewed debate is shaping up ...
  • 2020 Focus
    2020 Focus Brief on the World’s Poor and Hungry People
  • IFPRI Briefs
    As the magnitude and scope of the AIDS epidemic grew during the 1990s, it transformed the international development landscape: HIV/AIDS became a global development issue with socioeconomic implications for livelihoods, rather than an isolated ...
  • Food Policy Reports
    During the past two decades, most countries in Sub-Saharan Africa undertook extensive economic reforms to reduce the role of the government and increase the role of the market in their economies. Because of the importance of the agricultural ...
  • News
    In recent years, many governments, civil society organizations, research groups, and intergovernmental agencies have sought ways to scale up effective actions for better nutrition. Research suggests that such efforts are successful if all the ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Poverty measures and profiles are used increasingly to guide antipoverty policies in low-income countries. An essential element in these analyses is the specification of a poverty line. However, there are many different methods for setting ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In a context of liberalized financial systems, microfinance allows millions of households, usually excluded from classical financial services, to begin or reinforce their own activities and become microentrepreneurs. Yet, in spite of the success ...
  • Discussion Papers
    In a context of liberalized financial systems, microfinance allows millions of households, usually excluded from classical financial services, to begin or reinforce their own activities and become microentrepreneurs. Yet, in spite of the success ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This brief considers the scope for policy action in seven areas: (1) regulation of microfinance institutions, (2) provision of saving services, (3) product innovation, (4) organizational issues in microfinance, (5) poverty impact of microfinance, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The calorie-income demand elasticity is an important parameter in the development literature and in the policy arena. Yet, there is very little evidence on the extent to which it can be considered as an unchanging parameter or a time-shifting ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The calorie-income demand elasticity is an important parameter in the development literature and in the policy arena. Yet, there is very little evidence on the extent to which it can be considered as an unchanging parameter or a time-shifting ...
  • Report
    This report presents results of analyses of the IFPRI household survey data on various topics that, combined, represent the current food security situation in Bangladesh. Specifically, the study examines how that situation varies between the FTF ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper uses cross-sectional individual data from the 1994 Integrated Household Survey of Romania to analyze the determinants of male and female wages in public and private enterprises. Using quantile regression, the rate of return to ...
  • News
    Have you heard the statistic that while women account for 60 to 80 percent of global food production, they own only 2 percent of the world’s land? If you work in international development, you most likely have come across such “gender myths.” At ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This report describes the methods and results of an operations research undertaken to assess the effectiveness of World Vision (WV)’s food assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (MCHN) program in the Central Plateau region of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This report describes the methods and results of an operations research undertaken to assess the effectiveness of World Vision (WV)’s food assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (MCHN) program in the Central Plateau region of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Farmers in rural Bangladesh face multiple sources of uninsured risk to agricultural production and household assets. In this paper, we present results from an experimental demand-elicitation exercise in rural Bangladesh to shed light on ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This discussion paper was also published by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) as Working Paper 58. The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is a new survey-based index designed to measure the empowerment, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) is a new survey-based index designed to measure the empowerment, agency, and inclusion of women in the agricultural sector in an effort to identify ways to overcome those obstacles and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    By 2030, three-fifths of the world’s population will live in urban areas… And poverty in the poorest countries appears to have become more urbanized. An urban world with growing inequality bodes ill for the health of urban dwellers. ...
  • Publication
    Nutritionists and food assistance providers have long been aware that child undernutrition has damaging effects that can last a lifetime. In spite of the considerable attention and resources that have poured into addressing this challenge, child ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Due to the predominance of direct, specific interventions in nutrition for development, the health sector tends to own nutrition, with interventions customarily implemented through health programs. The idea that the agriculture sector should also ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Two common approaches are used for measuring household access to credit and credit constraints in the literature. The first method infers the presence of credit constraints from violations of the assumptions of the life cycle/permanent income ...
  • News
    The year 2013 saw a major step forward in global attention to nutrition. Several processes converged: the Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) movement continued to drive the momentum, with 47 countries now having signed up; The Lancet released a new ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper explores the relationship between group membership and trust. Specifically, the authors examine (1) the importance of trust in the decision to join groups, (2) the subsequent ability of groups to generate trust, and (3) the influence ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper explores the relationship between group membership and trust. Specifically, the authors examine (1) the importance of trust in the decision to join groups, (2) the subsequent ability of groups to generate trust, and (3) the influence ...
  • Discussion Papers
    We investigate gender differences in agricultural productivity using data collected in 2005 from Nigeria and in 2003 from Uganda. Results indicate that lower productivity is persistent from female-owned plots and female-headed households, ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper provides a structured overview of the concept of resilience for use in discussions surrounding food security and nutrition. It defines resilience as the capacity that ensures adverse stressors and shocks do not have long-lasting ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This review of recent literature explores the urban face of food and nutrition security in a more comprehensive, integrated way than most previous efforts. The review is organized around a conceptual framework that identifies food insecurity, ...
  • Accra offers a compelling case study of the contemporary impact of urban life on the livelihoods, food security, and nutritional status of its people. The Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study was a collaborative effort between IFPRI, the Noguchi ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Accra offers a compelling case study of the contemporary impact of urban life on the livelihoods, food security, and nutritional status of its people. The Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study was a collaborative effort between IFPRI, the Noguchi ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urbanization is increasingly accompanied by globalization through trade and financial liberalization, both of which reinforce the importance of cities and economies of scale. Urban labor markets in 2020 are likely to become even more competitive ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “As the urban population in all developing regions grows over the next 20 years, governments and families will face unique challenges in their efforts to ensure the well-being of millions of children. They will have to take into account ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “Increasing urbanization in the developing world has brought a remarkably rapid shift toward a high incidence of obesity and noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes and coronary problems, at a time when large segments of the population ...
  • Technical Guides
    Epi Map, a powerful new mapping software program, is now available to the public from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The program can be used to identify spatial variation in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI examined the effectiveness of community-based targeting following three recent emergencies: the 1998 floods in Bangladesh; the 2002 drought in Ethiopia; and the 2001-02 failed maize harvest in Malawi.
  • Technical Guides
    While gender equality is a basic human right, and closing the gender gap is key to achieving many development objectives, development practitioners and advocates concerned with achieving gender equality are often constrained by the lack of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Regression discontinuity design (RDD) is a useful tool for evaluating programs when a single variable is used to determine program eligibility. RDD has also been used to evaluate programs when eligibility is based on multiple variables that have ...
  • Discussion Papers
    The objective of this study is to validate the World Food Programme’s (WFP) method of establishing the prevalence of food insecurity. WFP’s method has two parts: (1) the construction of a Food Consumption Score (FCS) and (2) the classification of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Drawing data from four different integrated household surveys in rural areas of Mali, Malawi, and two national surveys in Côte d’Ivoire, this paper tests the validity of proxy measures of household wealth and income that can be readily ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The objective of this paper is to identify if, why, and how value-chain concepts could and should be applied to enhance the ability of agriculture to leverage better nutrition. Specifically it aims to provide background information for the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Value-chain approaches are already used as development strategies to enhance the livelihoods of food producers, but they have, to date, rarely been used explicitly as a tool to achieve nutritional goals, and they have not been sensitive to ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    L’ampleur et la gravité des répercussions de l’épidémie de VIH/SIDA en Afrique subsaharienne sont effrayantes: la maladie a décimé les pays de la région et à sérieusement compromis la nutrition et la sécurité alimentaire de millions de ménages. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    La magnitud y gravedad de las repercusiones del VIH/SIDA en el África subsahariana son abrumadoras. La epidemia está destruyendo los medios de subsistencia y poniendo en grave peligro la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional de millones de hogares. ...
  • Staff Profile
    Wahidur Quabili joined IFPRI in 2000 as a senior research assistant. His work focuses on urban challenges to food and nutrition security. In 1986 Quabili earned his bachelorÆs degree in agriculture from the Bangladesh Agricultural University in ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines the impact of improved water access on health and incomes in the developing world, drawing on contributions from public health, economics, and anthropology. It argues that the “biological” pathways are reasonably ...
  • Staff Profile
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index is an innovative tool composed of two sub-indexes: one measures how empowered women are within five domains, and the other measures gender parity in empowerment within the household. This case ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Despite achieving a significant cost reduction over the past two decades, the absolute cost of food subsidies in Egypt is still high relative to the benefits received by the poor. There is scope for better targeting food subsidies, in particular ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Despite achieving a significant cost reduction over the past two decades, the absolute cost of food subsidies in Egypt is still high relative to the benefits received by the poor. There is scope for better targeting food subsidies, in particular ...
  • The dietary transition in the developing world is accelerating toward an increased burden of chronic disease. It is increasing human mortality and disease burdens, and it is lowering economic productivity. The dietary transition is driven by ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “The dietary transition in the developing world is accelerating toward an increased burden of chronic disease. It is increasing human mortality and disease burdens, and it is lowering economic productivity. The dietary transition is driven ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Poverty maps are easily used, easily understood, and objectively verifiable. Using them for politically sensitive decisions, such as where to locate food assistance projects, is likely more acceptable than basing such decisions on obscure and ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Most investigations into the importance and determinants of adult cognitive skills assume that (1) they are produced primarily by schooling, and (2) schooling is statistically predetermined or exogenous. This study uses longitudinal data ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Child malnutrition rates in Bangladesh continue to remain among the highest in the world. This Asian enigma of persistent malnutrition despite growth in the overall economy is often attributed to the low status of women. It is against this ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The international trend toward investing in social protection in poor countries has reached sub-Saharan Africa, taking on a new urgency as HIV and AIDS interact with other drivers of poverty to simultaneously destabilize livelihoods systems and ...
  • Books and Monographs
    This work was carried out as part of the ADB-IFPRI Regional Technical Assistance Project on Nutrition Trends, Policies and Strategies in Asia and the Pacific. This review tracks the life cycle impacts of malnutrition in the developing world, ...
  • News
    In West Bengal, nearly 40 percent of children under the age of five are underweight, despite the country’s strong economic gains in recent years. This paradox indicates that food insecurity continues to pose major challenges for India’s state and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Many developing countries are in transition from a state-dominated to a more marketoriented economy. Because agriculture is of primary importance in most developing countries, the state is usually heavily involved in both input and output markets ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The goal of the Harvestplus Reaching End Users (REU) orange sweet potato (OSP) project is to increase vitamin A intake and improve vitamin A status among vulnerable populations (women and children) in rural Uganda by introducing ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper aims to answer how best to model education attainment, which is an individual-level variable, in household-level income functions. The accepted practice in the literature is to use the education level of the household head. This paper ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Two contrasting hypotheses about what motivates Dominican migrants to send remittances to their rural parents in the Sierra are tested: (1) an investment in potential bequests and (2) an insurance contract between parents and migrant children. ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Rural poverty rankings of Indian states in 1990 were very different from 1960. This unevenness in progress allows us to study the causes of poverty in a developing rural economy. We model the evolution of various poverty measures, using pooled ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “While ample evidence documents that urban children generally have better nutritional status than their rural counterparts, recent research suggests that urban malnutrition is on the rise. The environment, choices, and opportunities of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “While ample evidence documents that urban children generally have better nutritional status than their rural counterparts, recent research suggests that urban malnutrition is on the rise. The environment, choices, and opportunities of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    “We examine the spatial determinants of the prevalence of poverty for small spatially defined populations in rural Malawi. Poverty prevalence was estimated using a small-area poverty estimation technique. A theoretical approach based on the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “We examine the spatial determinants of the prevalence of poverty for small spatially defined populations in rural Malawi. Poverty prevalence was estimated using a small-area poverty estimation technique. A theoretical approach based on the ...
  • News
    This blog story by IFPRI senior researcher Agnes Quisumbing was originally posted as part of the Devex Land Matters for Women campaign. Why do you care about women’s land rights? Isn’t it enough for the household to have land? This question ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper shows mutually consistent evidence to support female advantage in education and disadvantage in labor markets observed in the Philippines. We set up a model that shows multiple Nash equilibria to explain schooling and labor market ...
  • News
    Vitamin A deficiency is a widespread public health concern, particularly for children in the developing world. A lack of vitamin A in the diet can lead to stunted physical and mental development, heighten susceptibility to disease, and even ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This paper examines how differences in the bargaining power of husband and wife affect the distribution of consumption expenditures in rural Bangladeshi households. Two alternative measures of assets are used: current assets and the value of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper examines how differences in the bargaining power of husband and wife affect the distribution of consumption expenditures in rural Bangladeshi households. Two alternative measures of assets are used: current assets and the value of ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This paper reviews donor experience with the design of development projects that are sensitive to gender-specific constraints. The review finds that the gap between intentions and implementation as regards gender-sensitivity is larger in ...
  • General Information
    Download Questionnaires and Manual (ZIP 3.9M) Women play a critical and potentially transformative role in agricultural growth in developing countries, but they face persistent obstacles and economic constraints limiting further inclusion in ...
  • Discussion Papers
    This study explores the impact of changes in land tenure institutions on women’s land rights and the efficiency of tree resource management in Western Ghana. We find that customary land tenure institutions have evolved toward individualized ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Many development programs that aim to alleviate poverty and improve investments in human capital consider women’s empowerment a key pathway by which to achieve impact and often target women as their main beneficiaries. Despite this, women’s ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Women’s low status and persistent gender gaps in health and education in South Asia contribute to chronic child malnutrition (Smith et al. 2003) and food insecurity (von Grebmer et al. 2009), even as other determinants of food security, such as ...
  • Discussion Papers
    With the increasing recognition that agricultural growth and development do not necessarily translate into improved nutrition outcomes, policymakers are increasingly grappling with how to design and implement agricultural policies and programs ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Recent research has shown that a substantial gap exists in asset ownership between men and women. In this paper, we examine the impact of rural women’s property ownership on their mobility and autonomy in decisionmaking. The results are based on ...
  • Books and Monographs
    Improving nutrition in developing nations is likely to require a multisectoral approach that involves a variety of ministries and organizations addressing particular aspects of the problem. Despite the promise of such multisectoral efforts, ...
  • Discussion Papers
    Data collected from a 1997 household survey carried out in Accra, Ghana, are used to look at the crucial role that women play as income earners and in securing access to food in urban areas. The high number of female-headed households and the ...
  • News
    Chiara Kovarik is a Senior Research Assistant in IFPRI's Poverty Health and Nutrition Division Today, on World Population Day, IFPRI recognizes that the world’s growing population—which reached 7 billion in 2011—has a powerful impact on ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    How many microfinance institutions (MFIs) exist in the developing world? How well are they performing? What is their role in household economies? Are they using their funds efficiently? In 1999, the International Food Policy Research Institute ...
  • Staff Profile
    Yisehac Yohannes of Ethiopia conducts research and analysis related to poverty alleviation, vulnerability, targeting, and the welfare of the poor. Yohannes, who joined IFPRI in 1985, holds a B.S. in statistics from Haile Sellasie 1st University, ...
  • Staff Profile
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Poverty maps are easily used, easily understood, and objectively verifiable. Using them for politically sensitive decisions, such as where to locate food assistance projects, is likely more acceptable than basing such decisions on obscure and ...