• Discussion Papers
    This is a thoughtful statement representing a genuine Latin American perspective of the goals and strategies relating to food, agriculture, and the environment as we head toward the year 2020. This document represents a synthesis of documents ...
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    In this paper, Christopher L. Delgado, of IFPRI’s senior research staff, takes a critical look at the changing paradigms of agricultural development that have influenced agricultural policy in Africa since the colonial era. The review shows ...
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    “Efforts and initiatives to combat hunger and malnutrition in Africa are gaining momentum at all levels-local, national, continental, and international. To design and implement effective strategies for action, it is vital that we have a ...
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    En este documento, encomendado para el seminario, Eduardo Trigo analiza el rol de la tecnología en la reversión de las condiciones actuales de pobreza rural extrema y de la degradación del medio ambiente en América Latina La intensificación ...
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    International agricultural research has contributed enormously to increasing world food supplies to their current state of plenty. Yet poverty remains a major problem and the challenge for agricultural research now lies in developing strategies ...
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    Trigo looks at the elements of a strategy for technological development and institutional change to promote the goals of agricultural intensification, poverty alleviation, and resource conservation. He notes that the need for technological ...
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    Like many other regional groups, the member countries of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)—Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka—have taken steps toward forming a regional free ...
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    This discussion paper is the first in a series of papers prepared as part of IFPRI’s 2020 Vision initiative, which seeks to develop an international consensus on how to meet future world food needs while reducing poverty and protecting the ...
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    In recent years, the countries of Latin America have made radical changes in their development strategies, including decentralization of government, privatization, and deregulation of markets. These changes have already affected the livelihoods ...
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    This paper accounts for the structural changes now taking place in China and suggests that China is not likely to become either an enormous importer or exporter of grain. Ultimately, though, China’s grain balances will depend on decisions ...
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    En este documento se subrayan los logros y dificultades experimentados por la región desde 1970 sobre las cuestiones relaciona das con la alimentación, la agricultura y el medio ambiente. También se señalan campos que exigirán especial atención ...
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    “Momentum is building in and around Africa today for policy action to decisively confront hunger and malnutrition. If we are to succeed, it is vital that food and nutrition security strategies be both sound and able to be implemented. ...
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    “In this paper, Ellen Messer, Marc J. Cohen, and Jashinta D’Costa show how hunger is often a direct result of violence … [and] how hunger can reciprocally cause conflict. … The authors call for including conflict ...
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    In this paper, David Bathrick describes the almost revolutionary changes that have taken place in the economic arena in recent years. This is a story of paradigm shift, where government-led economic growth through the 1970s gave way to the ...
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    This paper examines the global food security picture through 2020, using a model that incorporates 35 individual countries and regions and 17 commodities to estimate supply and demand for food. It concludes that if governments and the ...
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    Whose responsibility is it to assure food security in an age of globalization? Is improved governance at the international level our greatest need, or are governance deficits most severe at the national level? When national governments lag in ...
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    Will developing countries adopt policies that promote the planting of genetically modified (GM) crops, or will they select policies that slow the spread of the GM crop revolution? The evidence so far is mixed. In some prominent countries such as ...
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    The challenge for agriculture over the coming decades will be to meet the world’s increasing demand for food in a sustainable way. Declining soil fertility and mismanagement of plant nutrients have made this task more difficult. In this ...
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    Table de matieres: Avant-propos Remerciements 1. La révolution dans le secteur de l’élevage 2. Evolution récente de la demande des produits alimentaires d’origine animale 3. Evolution de l’offre des produits d’origine ...
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    By the year 2020 land degradation may pose a serious threat to food production and rural livelihoods, particularly in poor and densely populated areas of the developing world. Appropriate policies are required to encourage land-improving ...
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    A team of researchers from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) collaborated to produce this ...
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    A team of researchers from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) collaborated to produce this ...
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    Sub-Saharan Africa is the only developing region in the world where food insecurity has worsened instead of improved in recent decades. In this discussion paper, Mark W. Rosegrant, Sarah A. Cline, Weibo Li, Timothy B. Sulser, and Rowena A. ...
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    South Asia’s food requirements are likely to grow at least 100 percent by the year 2020, while the region’s natural resource base is likely to shrink. Gill advocates a transition from today’s cereal-based, land -extensive, ...
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    Food security does not assure good nutrition. The nutritional status of an individual is influenced not only by food but also by nonfood factors, such as clean water, sanitation, and health care. The effect of all of these factors must be ...
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    In looking toward 2020, one of the most severe problems to be faced is an impending shortage of adequate supplies of fresh water essential for drinking and for growing crops. The Middle East, where a few waterways serve large areas of land ...
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    Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted investments, ...
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    “About 167 million children under five years of age -almost one-third of the developing world’s children -are malnourished. If they survive childhood, many of these children will suffer from poorer cognitive development and lower ...
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    Agroecological conditions largely determine the production potential of an agrarian area and its ability to support a number of people. It seems to make sense, therefore, to base economic and policy research on ecoregional zones, rather than on ...
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    In their comprehensive paper, Montague Yudelman, Annu Ratta, and David Nygaard examine the key issues with regard to pest management and food production over the coming decades. They draw attention to the lack of adequate information on the ...
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    During the last half century, a number of individuals and institutions, including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and IFPRI, have engaged in projections of future food demand, supply, and related variables. In ...
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    The possibility of an emerging cereal gap of serious proportions by the year 2020, is a useful illustration of the kind of constructive dialogue IFPRI hopes to encourage. It responds to several quite recent developments, notably the rapid ...
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    La gran importancia de las raices y tuberculos como fuente de ingresos para los agricultores pobres y como fuente de alimento para la poblacion de escasos recursos, tanto rural como urbana, es muchas veces ignorada en el debate sobre el ...
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    “…The assessment of past trends, future prospects, and policy options reported here stems from the tradition of joint studies of roots and tubers in developing countries by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research ...
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    This discussion paper focuses on the food economy of Russia, to see what effect reforms are likely to have on Russia’s ability to produce food and feed its people in the next decade (the forecasts extend only to 2005 because longer-term ...
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    En este documento de trabajo….se examinan las complejas dificultades que presenta el medio urbano para la seguridad alimentaria y la nutricion en America Latina. Se expresa particular interes en la interaccion de la malnutricion con la ...
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    Assuring food security for the next 25 years requires meeting a number of political, social, economic, and technical challenges. One of these is the successful use of new biotechnologies in agriculture. Research in recombinant genetics and ...
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    Global population in the year 2020 will be a third higher than in 1995, but demand for food and fiber will rise by an even higher proportion, as incomes grow, diets diversify, and urbanization accelerates. However this demand is met, population ...
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    This paper presents an overview of changing food consumption patterns in Taiwan and China. It finds that consumption of meat quadrupled in Taiwan between the periods 1959-61 and 1989-91, while per capita rice consumption declined by one-half. In ...
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    “The topic of family farms has been gaining prominence in the academic, policy, and donor communities in recent years. Small farms dominate the agricultural landscape in the developing world, providing the largest source of employment and ...
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    The people operating small farms in developing countries have to cope with the risks of these small businesses and have long faced heavy challenges. Today, these challenges are particularly severe, and the aspirations of young people on small ...
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    In most developing countries, the rural labor force is growing rapidly, but rural employment opportunities are dwindling. This paper brings together empirical evidence on the nonfarm sector and analyzes policies for its future development. It ...
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    This paper examines the current status of HIV/AIDS infection, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, and reviews existing models that look at the future impact that the disease is likely to have on population growth, economic growth, and food ...
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    “In this discussion paper … [the authors] … review past trends in fertilizer use, estimate future needs, and assess technical and policy measures for dealing with environmental and energy concerns related to fertilizer ...
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    The fishing industry’s aggressive and expanding search for fish from the sea reached a turning point in 1990. After many years of increasing production, the global marine and inland catch from natural stocks declined from the 1989 peak of ...
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    Who are the Poorest and Where do They Live? One billion people live on less than $1 a day, the threshold defined by the international community as constituting extreme poverty, below which survival is questionable. That number encompasses a ...
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    In this paper, Mark W. Rosegrant assesses global water supply and demand, describes in detail the forces contributing to water scarcity, and lays out a number of strategies for managing water in the future. Any solution, Rosegrant asserts, will ...
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    谁是最贫穷者?他们分布在哪里? 根据国际社会所认定的极端贫困标准,全球尚有10亿人口依然生活在每天1美元的水平之下,在这一标准下,人的生存都成问题。这10亿人由贫困程度不同的群体组成——他们都很穷,但一部分人比其他人更穷。为更好地弄清最贫困人群是否得到了扶持,我们首先将生活在每天1美元 ...