• IFPRI Briefs
    “Indices can be powerful tools for international monitoring and advocacy, and if used in international rankings, can help foster a sense of healthy competition among countries. With this in mind, IFPRI’s Global Hunger Index (GHI) was ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In 2009, high and volatile food prices combined with economic recession posed significant risks to poor and vulnerable households, with often dire consequences for their food security. The 2009 Global Hunger Index (GHI), the fourth in an annual ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    As the world approaches the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—which include a goal of reducing the proportion of hungry people by half—the 2010 Global Hunger Index (GHI) offers a useful multidimensional overview ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Download full brief The 2011 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the sixth in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of global, regional, and national hunger. It shows that although the world has made some progress in reducing hunger, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The 2012 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the seventh in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of global, regional, and national hunger. It shows that progress in reducing the proportion of hungry people in the world has been ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The issue brief for the 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI) report—the eighth in an annual series—presents a multidimensional measure of national, regional, and global hunger. It shows that the world has made some progress in reducing hunger since ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Der Bericht zum Welthunger-Index 2013 – der achte in einer jährlich erscheinenden Serie – stellt die Entwicklung des weltweiten, regionalen und nationalen Hungers mittels eines mehrdimensionalen Indexwertes dar. Er zeigt, dass die ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Recent IFPRI research shows how coordinated investments in regional agricultural trade and productivity can leverage regional growth dynamics and improve Africa’s competitiveness in an increasingly globalized world. This brief looks at ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    For many years, governments and donors have promoted the generation of knowledge and technological innovations that improve farming and plant genetic resources in developing countries. Because of the “public good” nature of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In more than a dozen African countries the rate of undernourishment is more than 40 percent, exceeding 50 percent in those countries experiencing or emerging from armed conflict. As a result, more than a third of African children suffer stunted ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    On average, a typical developing country in Africa is assisted by about 30 aid institutions in the implementation of development strategies, yet Africa is still far from achieving food and nutrition security. Adequate access to food that is ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The interactions between HIV/AIDS and food and nutrition insecurity are becoming clearer as research fills knowledge gaps. To address these gaps, different actors (from individual household members to national policymakers) need tools and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Recent trends in agricultural growth and food security in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) have been discouraging. With very low labor productivity, yields, and growth rates, agriculture is unable to keep up with population growth or achieve the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI is collaborating with CARE-Bangladesh to provide research and support for its SHAHAR project for improving urban livelihoods. This Country Report addresses the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, and the key findings and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This policy brief is designed to help policymakers and practitioners understand the financial services needed by the poor. It is framed within lessons learned from a five-year IFPRI research program that examined, among other issues, the roles ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This is a review of the options for capacity strengthening for policy research, an overview of IFPRI’s work in this area, and a summary of the best practices in capacity strengthening, as shown by experience.
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Policies built on presumptions of separateness or on traditional notions of urban and rural livelihoods diminish the possibilities for economic growth and poverty reduction. More effective policies will take the diversity of livelihoods along the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    A review of various economic indicators shows that both the recent food crisis and the financial and economic crisis have had significant negative effects on the Central American countries. The first jolt to the region came in 2007 and mid-2008, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Armed conflicts frequently lead to the destruction of food systems. Often, warring parties manipulate starvation as a deliberate tactic, using their control over access to food to attract and reward friends and humble and punish enemies. Such ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Collective action and property rights are two institutions that can significantly contribute to poverty reduction. Collective action aids in the efficient use and protection of natural resources and helps the poor secure land rights by advocating ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    La creciente variabilidad y la fuerte tendencia al alza en los precios mundiales de alimentos durante los últimos dos años han sido motivo de preocupación debido a que pueden aumentar la pobreza y el hambre a nivel mundial. Al mismo tiempo, el ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    La crisis de precios de los alimentos de 2007/2008 se debió a varias razones, entre ellas: una creciente demanda por alimentos en países emergentes, los cambios en los mercados internacionales de granos propiciados por los biocombustibles, el ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI and FANRPAN outlined and managed a highly participatory process involving high-level policymakers, senior representatives of a range of stakeholder agencies, and respected scientific leaders, who came together for an integrated series of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Economic, political, and social changes have altered the landscape of both urban and rural areas—as well as the interactions between the two—faster than perceptions and policies can keep up. Policymakers, for instance, often view rural and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The countries of Eastern and Central Africa are heavily dependent on agriculture, and seeds are a key input in agricultural production.Yet in each country in Eastern and Central Africa, the seed industry faces different laws, standards, and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agriculture is essential to the economies of East African countries. Climate change, with its effects on temperature and precipitation, threatens this important economic activity. How to foster agricultural development and food security in East ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In recent years, prices of agricultural land have increased quickly, actually doubling and tripling in many parts of the world. This land value reassessment has been prompted by rising crop prices and perceived land scarcity. But even as the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    "We commit ourselves to comprehensive negotiations aimed at: substantial improvements in market access; reductions of, with a view to phasing out, all forms of export subsidies; and substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support. We ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “To end hunger and prevent the recurrence of famine and starvation, we need to take the following steps: invest in public health, child nutrition, education, women’s and girls’ social status, and other components of human ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In contrast to widely held uncertainties about Sub-Saharan Africa’s ability to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), recent successes in African smallholder farming show that agriculture could play a key role in helping the region ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    With a per capita income of only about 20 percent of the African average, Ethiopia is one of the world’s poorest countries. More than 85 percent of the country’s population lives in rural areas, where agriculture is the main economic activity and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI assessed CARE-Ethiopia’s Urban Food-for-Work Project in order to draw lessons about how to work effectively in urban areas. This country study gives information on the research focus, under Project Leader, James Garrett, highlights of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Wealthy countries’ agricultural subsidies have also created unfair competition. African farmers not only have limited access to rich-country agricultural markets, but they also face unfair competition in their own domestic markets from ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Food security in Africa has substantially worsened since 1970. Although the proportion of malnourished individuals in Sub-Saharan Africa has remained in the range of 33-35 percent since around 1970, the absolute number of malnourished people in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In the 1970s and 1980s, most African countries sold fertilizer at subsidized prices through state-owned enterprises. In response to the fiscal cost and ineffective implementation of these subsidies, as well as pressure from international ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    About 10 million people in southern Africa-Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe-are experiencing famine or the threat of famine.The immediate causes of the current crisis are drought, flooding, and low levels of crop ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    About 10 million people in southern Africa-Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe-are experiencing famine or the threat of famine.The immediate causes of the current crisis are drought, flooding, and low levels of crop ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Ethiopia has made considerable progress toward food security since the 1984 famine captured worldwide media attention. Almost 30 years after that calamity, Ethiopian per capita income has increased, poverty has fallen, food security has improved, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    For many of the world’s poor, public safety-net programs are the only hope for a life free from chronic poverty and undernutrition. But the proper combination of incentives and support can be difficult to achieve. The International Food ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The first decade of the 21st century has brought harbingers of a troubled future for global food security. The food-price spike of 2008 led to food riots and political change in several countries. In 2010, the excessive heat and drought in Russia ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Feeding the world in the decades leading up to 2050—decades that will see an increase in food demand spurred by population and income growth and stronger impacts of climate change on agriculture—will require increased and more sustainable ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Foreign aid to developing countries is a subject of heated debate among politicians, economists, and development specialists. Does aid promote economic growth and reduce poverty? Some argue that foreign aid has no effect on growth and may ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Governments in Asia used grain price stabilization as a major policy instrument when they began to promote the Green Revolution in the 1960s. In the process, they created parastatal agencies, which were quasi-governmental in nature, to undertake ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Practitioners may ask why they should address gender issues in development. Aside from the obvious answer—that gender equality is a basic human right and in that sense is integral to development—many disparities in development outcomes stem from ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In the Accra Urban Food and Nutrition Study, IFPRI collaborated with the Noguchi Memorial Institute of Medical Research and the World Health Organization to examine the nature of urban poverty and how it relates to food insecurity and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Strong upward trends and increased variability in global food prices during the past two years have led to concern that hunger and poverty will increase across the world. At the same time, rising food prices provide an incentive and opportunity ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The economic impact of globalization, particularly on poverty, and the changes in agri-food markets have received much attention in recent years. However, the intersection of these two trends has been neglected. The present volume fills this gap ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI evaluated the Government of Guatemala’s Community Day Care Centers Program to determine its effects on children’s nutrition and on their mothers’ wages and employment opportunities. This study provides data on the ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Economists have engaged for some time in developing methodologies for assessing the economic impact of agricultural research and in undertaking empirical studies to measure this impact.1 In recent years they have documented more than 1,800 ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The premise of a rights-based approach to ensuring adequate food is empowering poor people and those who are food insecure. Empowerment is integral to any strategy that moves away from the benevolence model of food aid and instead emphasizes ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    While famines and other episodes of severe hunger receive significant press coverage and attract much public attention, chronic hunger and malnutrition are considerably more prevalent in Africa. It is estimated that 14 percent of children are ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The development community is increasingly in agreement that providing adequate hard infrastructure (i.e., capital-intensive infrastructure such as rural telecommunications, electrification, and rural roads) is an important step in the process of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    What can be done to increase the effective participation of women in food and nutrition security in Africa? This brief advocates a two-pronged approach. First, eradicate discrimination against women, and second, promote catch-up by implementing ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In this brief, the authors suggest five areas for action to put rural India on a higher growth trajectory that would cut hunger, malnutrition, and unemployment at a much faster pace than has been the case so far. The five areas for action are ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This brief is based on Information and Communication Technologies for Development and Poverty Reduction: The Potential of Telecommunications, ed. Maximo Torero and Joachim von Braun (Johns Hopkins University Press and IFPRI, 2006) The ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Por muchos años, los gobiernos y donantes han promovido la generación de conocimiento e innovaciones tecnológicas para mejorar la producción y los recursos fitogenéticos en los países en desarrollo. A causa de la naturaleza de la investigación ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The recent food crisis, combined with the energy crisis and emerging climate-change issues, threatens the livelihoods of millions of poor people as well as the economic, ecological, and political situation in many developing countries. Progress ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    La reciente crisis alimentaria, junto con la crisis energética y los problemas emergentes causados por el cambio climático, amenazan los medios de vida de millones de personas de escasos recursos, así como la situación económica, ecológica y ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agricultural research capacity is an important factor in building food security and economic stability in Africa. Furthermore, new and better-targeted technologies are essential to this process, and a well-developed and well-supported ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    L’augmentation de la productivité agricole et de la sécurité alimentaire ne peut se concevoir sans l’aide de technologies nouvelles et améliorées ainsi que de leur large dissémination, processus qui empruntera la voie des institutions ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    South Asia is home to the largest concentration of poor and undernourished people in the world, so food security—especially in basic staples such as wheat, rice, and corn—continues to be a major concern. With both persistent and re-emerging food ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In Africa and elsewhere, safety nets were promoted in the 1980s as a response to the (presumably short-term) adverse effects of structural adjustment. Though some safety nets had a developmental component, safety nets are still largely associated ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Data from many countries show that the concentration of poverty and malnutrition is shifting from rural to urban areas. Although many rural people move to the cities seeking to improve their well-being, they often remain mired in poverty and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    There are no easy solutions to the ongoing food price crisis. Maize and wheat prices doubled between 2003 and 2008, and the price of rice doubled in the first four months of 2008, rising 33 percent in a single day. Even with declines in food ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    El sistema agroalimentario mundial está experimentando una creciente globalización. A medida que la mayoría de los habitantes del mundo se trasladan a las ciudades y los que residen en zonas rurales y están conectados con la infraestructura ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Africa faces a difficult challenge in meeting the main target of the first Millennium Development Goal - to halve the number of people suffering from malnutrition and hunger by 2015. Bridging the digital divide through the development and use of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    La revisión de varios indicadores económicos muestra que tanto la crisis de alimentos como la crisis económica y financiera recientes tuvieron efectos negativos considerables sobre los países centroamericanos. La primera golpeó a la región entre ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    For many of the world’s poor, public safety-net programs are the only hope for a life free from chronic poverty and undernutrition. But the proper combination of incentives and support can be difficult to achieve. The International Food ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Each year millions of people in low-income countries uproot themselves from rural homes to take their chances in a new setting. But who are these migrants? Where do they go and why? What becomes of individuals and families when ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    En sus primeros dos años (2000-02), el programa de la Red de Protección Social-Ministerio de la Familia (RPS) ayudó a mejorar la nutrición y educación de aproximadamente unas 10.000 familias de las más pobres del país. En su etapa piloto ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    “In its first two years, 2000-02, the Red de Protección Social - Ministry of the Family (RPS) improved the nutrition and education of approximately 10,000 of Nicaragua’s poorest families. Operating as a pilot project in six ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    IFPRI analyzed Peru’s comedores populares (community kitchens) and associated programs to identify lessons for future urban projects. Under Project Leader, James Garrett, IFPRI’s study reviewed the operational experiences of PRODIA ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Urbanization, trade liberalization, agroindustrialization, and the rise of supermarkets are among the trends providing farmers in poor countries with new opportunities to participate in local and global markets. For farmers to benefit from these ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    During the past several decades, developing countries have had mixed results in reducing poverty. While East Asia (particularly China) has achieved astonishing progress in eradicating severe poverty through strong agricultural and overall ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Advocates of reforms in land rights and land markets frequently posit two important hypotheses: (1) African countries must grant land titles to farmers because titles increase land tenure security and facilitate access to input, land, and ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This brief summarizes the book, Agricultural R&D in the Developing World: Too Little, Too Late?, edited by Philip G. Pardey, Julian M. Alston, and Roley R. Piggott. The authors of the brief look at topics such as: International spillovers of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agriculture is the main source of employment and income for southern Africa’s rural population. This crucial economic activity is endangered by climate change. This study, Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Meeting the food needs of the world’s growing population while reducing poverty and protecting the environment is a major global challenge. Private- and public-sector organizations must decide how to spend limited agricultural research funds in ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The 2000s were Africa’s “decade of growth.” Countries in Africa south of the Sahara reached milestones in the 21st century’s first decade that once seemed impossible, achieving improved governance, macroeconomic stability, and sustained economic ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Among the capacity-strengthening challenges the region faces are inadequate in-country capacity, institutional weaknesses, lack of multidisciplinary approaches to problem solving, expatriates’ limited incountry experience, poor governance, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The current decline in per capita food production in Africa signals an urgent need to revitalize agricultural research. Accomplishing such a task will require addressing many issues, including demand-led approaches, accountability, building of ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agricultural growth offers a potentially powerful tool for spearheading broad-based poverty reduction in Africa. In a continent where 70 percent of the poor work in agriculture, an upsurge in farm productivity contributes directly to broad ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    As population density increases and agriculture intensifies in Africa in the future, policymakers, development practitioners, and farmers may find useful lessons in the experiences of the East African highlands. The highlands of Ethiopia, Kenya, ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agriculture has a crucial role to play in ending hunger and poverty in Africa, as it contributes approximately 35 percent of the continent’s gross domestic product while accounting for 70 percent of its labor force. Raising agricultural ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The use of genetically modified (GM) crops has increased over the years since the United States, Argentina, Canada, Australia, and Mexico each commercialized one or more of certain GM crops—insect-resistant cotton and maize and herbicide-tolerant ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Africa has long needed to significantly and sustainably intensify its smallholder agriculture. But achieving large-scale, sustainable increases in productivity is a complex process. Less-than-ideal growing conditions, limited suitable space for ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    With high food prices threatening the food security of millions of vulnerable households around the world, hunger and malnutrition are back in the headlines. The world is making only slow progress in reducing food insecurity, according to ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    During the past two-and-a-half decades, China and India have implemented a series of economic reforms that have led to recent growth rates of 9-11 percent per year in China and 8-9 percent per year in India. The rapid economic growth of the two ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The supplies of fish in the world’s vast oceans once seemed inexhaustible. Not any more. In the past three decades, production and consumption of fish have risen so dramatically that the world’s wild fisheries may fall victim to their own ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    In times of economic turmoil, countries might decide to increase current tariff rates to protect domestic industries or raise revenues in order to finance domestic programs. Using the highest applied or bound rate imposed by countries from 1995 ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This brief reviews the extensive evidence on agricultural market reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa and summarizes the impact reforms have had on market performance, agricultural production, use of modern inputs, and poverty. It offers eight ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Wealthy countries’ agricultural subsidies have also created unfair competition. African farmers not only have limited access to rich-country agricultural markets, but they also face unfair competition in their own domestic markets from ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Rural residents across the developing world earn a large share of their income—35–50 percent—from nonfarm activities. Agricultural households count on nonfarm earnings to diversify risk, moderate seasonal income swings, and finance agricultural ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    La mondialisation est une arme à double tranchant. Elle élargit l’accès à l’information, aux technologies, aux intrants et aux marchés. En intégrant leur économie au marché mondial, les pays parviennent à tirer parti de l’avantage concurrentiel ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    Agriculture is vital to livelihoods in West Africa. It is the main source of employment for the 290 million people who live in the region, employing 60 percent of the workforce, and accounts for 35 percent of the region’s gross domestic product ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The food price crisis of 2007-08 had several causes-rising demand for food, the change in the food equation through biofuels, climate change, high oil prices-but there is substantial evidence that the crisis was made worse by the malfunctioning ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    The 1995 Beijing Platform for Action set goals for empowering women in developing nations. Over the five years since the Beijing +5 review assessed progress toward these goals, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    This brief examines the key roles that women play in ensuring food security and makes three recommendations of ways to strengthen the food security through policies and programs that enhance women’s abilities and resources to fulfill ...
  • IFPRI Briefs
    For more than six years the trade talks of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have been stalled, mainly on account of differences in countries’ levels of ambition for reducing support to and protection of agriculture. The expiration of the ...