• Project Papers and Notes
    National development plans in Africa are increasingly recognizing nutrition as both essential for development and a social right. So far, however, this has not resulted in the large-scale provision of nutrition services necessary to reduce the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While most people can readily grasp malaria’s impact on smallholder productivity and development, the impact of agriculture development on the disease is less understood. Many agricultural practices increase the spread of malaria; in order ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 19 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia New IFPRI research on rural Pakistan suggests that adverse weather shocks indeed lower the future‐looking ...
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    Drawing from the case of Uganda, this brief develops a model showing how advocates for improved nutrition in the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa might engage with governments and communities and move from knowledge to commitment to action in ...
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    Strengthening the policy and programmatic links between agriculture and health and nutrition requires a means of seeing how their myriad links fit together. This brief sketches a framework that elucidates the channels through which agriculture ...
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    Agriculture is critical for human welfare, providing food, employment, income, and assets. In the past, agricultural research and development largely focused on improving production, productivity, and profitability of agricultural enterprises. ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 5 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Policymakers, practitioners, and researchers frequently cite an increase in shocks around the world as a ...
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    Experts estimate that 2 billion people, mostly in poorer countries, suffer from micronutrient malnutrition, also known as hidden hunger. This is caused by a lack of critical micronutrients such as vitamin A, zinc, and iron in the diet. Hidden ...
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    As a unified set of global poverty reduction goals, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in principle provide an opportunity for overcoming sectoral divides and forging effective links between agriculture and health. Both agriculture and ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 16 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Volatility and spikes in global food prices can have large and diverse impacts on the welfare of poor people, ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 14 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Food and nutrition insecurity is a consequence and a driver of civil conflict. War and civil unrest reduce ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 3 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Given that resilience-enhancing food-security policies and programs are highly context specific, we have ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Healthy and active lives for all require adequate access to food, care, employment, health services, and a healthy environment. None of these determinants of good health and nutrition is sufficient by itself; all of them are necessary. The most ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The link between good health and economic prosperity is well established and can be detected in numerous measures, such as increased income, wages, efficiency, and productivity. While the link can readily be seen in descriptive statistics, ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 2 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Little is known definitively about the actual consequences that refugees have on food security and resilience ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 12 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Recent research sheds new light on the relationships among climatic shocks, conflict, household and community ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 17 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Although undernutrition is trending downward globally, 165 million children in low‐income countries were ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    India is home to one-third of the world’s undernourished children, with rates of child undernutrition remaining stubbornly high for decades. Undernutrition is widespread among adults, too; one-third of all Indian men and women are affected. At ...
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    This brief explores the nature of several key drivers of change in food systems and examines a number possible entry points for policy intervention to determine their effect on food prices and other market-driven outcomes.
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 11 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia This brief attempts to unpack the relationship between gender and resilience by reviewing the evidence on ...
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    Improving the livelihoods and well-being of the rural poor is an important aim of agricultural development, promoted through agricultural intensification and commercialization strategies. But improved agricultural productivity does not ...
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    The best approach to finding positive synergies between agriculture, nutrition, and health may depend on a country’s position in the dietary transition—from a diet low in both calories and micronutrients (Stage One) to a diet that provides ...
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    While it is generally agreed that growth is a necessary precondition for reducing poverty, relatively little is known about the relationship between economic growth and nutrition and, hence, how economic policies can be leveraged to improve ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 4 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia People have always faced shocks and have devised a variety of institutional responses to cope with, recover ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 1 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Much of the world’s chronically poor and malnourished population lives in an increasingly volatile world. The ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 7 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia This brief seeks to enhance our understanding of resilience processes, activities, and outcomes by examining ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 9 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia The recent popularity of the term resilience in the development discourse concerning arid and semiarid lands ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 15 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Resilience is a desirable capability of people to deal with shocks without significant loss of livelihood, ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 8 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Recurrent humanitarian crises have led many development actors to begin thinking differently about development ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This brief describes food safety risks along the value chain, identifies drivers of change, presents the risks posed to the poor by both food safety challenges and responses to them, and underscores the use of risk-based analysis to craft ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 6 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia In the wake of the food and financial crises of 2007–2008 and 2011, building resilient food systems to achieve ...
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    This brief attempts to bring together the thinking on nutrition and resilience, to clarify the role of food and agriculture in each of these agendas, and to define potential synergies between nutrition and resilience concepts ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The food system begins and ends with health and nutrition. Advances in the health sciences, including genomics and stem cell biology, continue to reinforce the principle that nutritious food is essential for the achievement of full physical and ...
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    This brief examines how different growth patterns lead to different nutritional outcomes and identifies the factors that influence the magnitude of this relationship. It aims to offer researchers insights on areas for future research and analysis ...
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    Although Sub-Saharan Africa experienced unprecedented economic growth in recent decades, this did not always translate into less poverty or improved nutrition. The Tanzanian economy is one example of a country that failed to reap the benefits of ...
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    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 13 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Although there is an increasing base of literature on extension and advisory services, their role in building ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    There is a growing consensus that reducing childhood malnutrition is a critically important goal, but there is far less agreement on what strategies can best achieve the goal. Are more nutrition-specific interventions required, such as ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Health issues are increasingly affecting household decisionmaking, farm labor, and agricultural productivity in developing countries. Similarly, certain agricultural development projects and practices that aid productivity (for example, the use ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Value-chain approaches are already used as development strategies to enhance the livelihoods of food producers, but they have, to date, rarely been used explicitly as a tool to achieve nutritional goals, and they have not been sensitive to ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    2020 Resilience Conference Brief 10 - Building Resilience for Food and Nutrition Security - May 15-17, 2014 - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia As climate variability gains prominence in the international policy agenda, public and private sectors alike ...