• Project Papers and Notes
    Although wild natural resources are a standard dietary component in southern Africa, little information exists on these resources’ specific role in the maintenance of household food security among HIV-impacted households. In this context, the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    With a population of almost 45 million people and an estimated 5.5 million people infected with HIV, South Africa has the largest number of individuals living with the virus in a single country. This tragedy has also brought a rising tide of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In communities hit hard by HIV and AIDS, households not directly incurring a death may nevertheless be affected by taking in orphans, losing access to resources owned by kin-related afflicted households, or transferring resources to afflicted ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A number of studies, in particular, epidemiological studies, have examined the association between socioeconomic characteristics and HIV infection, but the empirical evidence is mixed. Some studies found a positive correlation of HIV infection ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The word “vulnerability” is often used by development agencies and scientists when speaking about human welfare in Southern Africa. It is known that increasing poverty, AIDS, and food insecurity are some of the threats that make households more ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Many countries in southern Africa are home to a large number of poor rural people, dependent on rainfed agriculture, barely subsisting even in years without shocks, and highly vulnerable to the vagaries of the weather, the economy, and government ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A combination of new and ongoing forces is driving global food prices. Rising energy prices and subsidized biofuel production, income and population growth, globalization, and urbanization are among the major forces contributing to surging ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Food and nutritional insecurity coexists with high HIV prevalence rates in war-affected communities in the north and northeastern regions of Uganda. Women and especially female children are disproportionately affected. Gender relations underpin ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Global environmental change in Zimbabwe is intertwined with a challenging political environment, excessive economic decline, the depletion of scarce skills, and a generalized AIDS epidemic. Against this background, a development initiative known ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    CONTENTS: •Brief 1: Food Prices and the AIDS Response: How they are linked, and what can be done by Stuart Gillespie •Brief 2: Linking Nutritional Support with Treatment of People Living with HIV: Lessons being Learned in Kenya by Elizabeth ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    In 1994, South Africa’s Department of Land Affairs initiated a land reform programme. Land reform was—and still is—intended to redress the racial imbalance in landholding, develop the agricultural sector, and improve the livelihoods of the poor. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The recent dramatic increase in prime-age adult mortality in many African countries is largely attributed to the AIDS epidemic. Excess mortality is concentrated among women between the ages of 25 and 39 and among men between the ages of 30 and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While early studies tended to find positive correlations between economic resources, education and HIV infection, as the epidemic has progressed, it has increasingly been assumed that this relationship is changing. But what is really known about ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Women in Uganda, especially widows, disproportionately suffer the impacts of AIDS because of their disadvantaged position due to sociocultural factors. Some of the key factors impacted by the disease are food security, self-esteem, income, and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    While clinical care providers, program managers and other stakeholders increasingly recognize the critical importance of nutrition for the treatment of HIV and AIDS, interventions that link nutritional support to treatment are relatively new. The ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Resistance to HIV refers to an active response on the part of individuals, households, communities that is aimed at avoiding or minimizing exposure to the virus. To understand resistance to HIV it is necessary to first identify factors and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    A drastic increase in AIDS-related mortality of the prime-age adult population can change many aspects of household and individual behavior. The death of prime-age adults decreases household income and, thus, decreases investment in human capital ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The institution of marriage plays a role in determining one’s risk of exposure to HIV. Since the transmission of HIV in the population is mainly through sexual activity, avoiding infection depends on risk-avoiding behavior. If the number of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Migration, AIDS epidemics, and urban food security, interact in complex ways that are little researched and understood in the Southern and Eastern African context. To date, research on urban food security has been concerned with urban systems of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Food and nutrition insecurity are increasingly intertwined with HIV and AIDS. The linkages between malnutrition, on one hand, and HIV infection and AIDS impact, on the other, drives people and their households in a downwards spiral of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Broad and intensive consultative processes were conducted in Malawi and Uganda from June 2001 – July 2002 aimed at identifying the content and shape of an initiative that would enable agricultural R&D organizations to contribute effectively ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    To fully realize the potential of food aid to reduce risk and to mitigate the impacts of HIV/AIDS, existing strategies and interventiuons need to be re-viewed using an HIV/AIDS lens.
  • Project Papers and Notes
    For the past 20 years, AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa has been considered a disease of high mobility largely associated with political strife1 or urbanization.2 With its largely peaceful recent history and heavily rural population, however, Malawi ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Zambia and South Africa (SA) are two countries that are seriously affected by the dual epidemics of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. While both are attempting to integrate public TB and HIV services to reach co-infected people, there is little evidence ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The primary purpose of the research conducted from January to December 2006 was to investigate the ways in which the AIDS epidemic was playing out in a Zomba District sample of households that had been studied since 1986. The single most ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The AIDS epidemic has caused a drastic increase in adult mortality. This study examines the impacts of adult deaths on child nutrition—specifically the impact on child food intake and growth with reference to their weights. Anthropometry data ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    There are few longitudinal studies looking at the effects of HIV and AIDS over time on individuals, households and communities. One exception to this is a study conducted in two locations in Zambia: the first study was carried out in 1993, the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The international trend toward investing in social protection in poor countries has reached sub-Saharan Africa, taking on a new urgency as HIV and AIDS interact with other drivers of poverty to simultaneously destabilize livelihoods systems and ...