• Project Papers and Notes
    This paper examines the experiences of children affected by HIV/AIDS in three provinces of South Africa. By combining findings from two studies that focus on households at different stages of impact, the paper looks at the conditions of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Governments and development agencies require accurate information on the impacts of increased mortality rates caused by AIDS on the agricultural sector and rural livelihoods. Several previous studies have estimated the effects of prime-age ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The recognition that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is a major threat to sub Saharan Africa’s economic development has prompted researchers to focus on the economic impacts of the disease. In particular, given the importance of agriculture for livelihoods ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This study set out to investigate in specific terms how gender relations influence the interaction between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS in two armed conflict-affected districts, Gulu, in northern Uganda and Katakwi. The study largely ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The sheer scale of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa has finally led to an expanded global response. South Africa, a nation where more than 5 million people are estimated to be HIV infected, has established large scale prevention and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    It is now widely accepted that AIDS in not just a health issue. Its impacts are felt across all sectors of Ugandan society. In recognition of this, the Uganda AIDS Commission was constituted by Parliament in1992 “to put in place a multisectoral ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    HIV/AIDS is increasingly becoming a critical development issue in Africa, with far-reaching implications in a variety of arenas beyond health, including social, political, and environmental. As Vogel (2002) states (emphasis added): “Alongside ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    It is now widely accepted that AIDS in not just a health issue. In the recently developed Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, the Malawi people and government designated HIV/AIDS as a crosscutting issue, and the Malawi National HIV/AIDS Strategic ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    It is now widely accepted that AIDS in not just a health issue. Malawi’s recently developed Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper identifies HIV/AIDS as a key crosscutting issue, and the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework 2000-2004 calls for “an ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This paper examines determinants and consequences of migration from urban slums using panel data from two Nairobi slums. We analyze migration behavior of both adults and children. First, empirical analysis of labor market dynamics shows that ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The rapidly accelerating AIDS epidemic of the 90s and its current state of “hyperendemicity” in southern Africa have affected the levels, intensity and nature of vulnerability. Not only does HIV co‐exist with widespread food insecurity and ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The broad objective of this study is to highlight key constraints, opportunities and challenges relating to interventions aimed at strengthening the nutrition security of people living with HIV who are on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment. The ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The HIV prevention strategies and programs that are widely promoted in sub-Saharan Africa in large part target HIV awareness and individual behavioral modification – conventionally through the ABC (Abstain, be Faithful and use Condoms) approach ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “The HIV epidemic has created over 10 million orphans in sub-Saharan Africa and countless other children are affected by the disease, whether by living with a parent who is chronically ill or living in a household that is hosting orphans. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “The present study employs Deaton’s outlay equivalence approach to analyze potential discrimination in resource allocation within households against children who are not the biological descendant of the household head in Mozambique. ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    “As in many Sub-Saharan countries, the issue of orphan-care has risen to the top of social protection agenda in Malawi, where the prevalence of orphaned children has dramatically increased because of early deaths of parents infected by the ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Worldwide, more than 14 million children have lost a parent to HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, the current epicentre of the epidemic, it is estimated that by 2010, 16% of children will be orphaned by AIDS. The implication of the term “AIDS ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The Regional Network on HIV/AIDS, Rural Livelihoods and Food Security (RENEWAL) was launched in 2001. Facilitated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and with support from several donors, RENEWAL is a growing regional ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The seasonality of disease, ill‐health and hunger were illustrated in multiple contexts in the original IDS conference on seasonality over three decades ago. The subsequent book (Chambers et al. 1981) was published in the same year as the first ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    An anthropological study carried out in 2006/7 in rural Zambia and peri-urban South Africa documented the impact of co-infection with TB and HIV on poor households in the context of poverty and overstretched public health services. The ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This analytical report is the outcome of a restudy that was undertaken in January 2005 of an original study undertaken in 1993 of the impact of HIV/AIDS on agricultural production systems and livelihoods in the Mpongwe area of the Copperbelt ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    The research, conducted from January to December 2006, investigated the effects of the HIV epidemic on a Zomba District sample of households that has been studied since 1986. The sample families follow matrilineal and matrilocal patterns of ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    Movement of people, or migration in the positive sense of the term, contributes positively to the achievement of secure livelihoods, and to the expansion of the scope for poor people to figure out pathways out of poverty. Migration does this by ...
  • Project Papers and Notes
    This study explores one aspect of the broader issues of social networks. It is specifically concerned with whether a minimal cash grant selectively provided to some extremely poor households as part of a social safety network programme may impact ...