Project Title: Food and Water Security under Global Change: Developing Adaptive Capacity with a Focus on Rural Africa
Principal Researcher: Claudia Ringler, Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Principal Contact: Yan Sun, Research Analyst, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
The household survey was carried out in the Nile River Basin in Ethiopia. The household sampling frame in Ethiopia was developed to ensure representation for the Nile River Basin at the woreda (district) level regarding level of rainfall patterns in terms of both annual total and variation; the four classes of traditionally defined agro-ecological zones (AEZs) found in the basin; vulnerability of food production systems (through the proxy of frequency of food aid in the past ten years); and irrigation prevalence. All data used for the sample frame is from the Atlas of the Ethiopian Rural Economy (Benson et al., 2006).
Each woreda was classified based on : agroecological zone (Kolla, Weynadega, Dega, and Bereha), the percent of cultivated land under irrigation (no data, 0-2%, 2-4%, 4-8%, and 8% or greater), average annual rainfall (0-854mm, 854-1133mm, 1133-1413mm, 1413-1692mm, 1692mm or greater), rainfall variability (coefficient of variation for annual rainfall), and vulnerability (number of years of food aid received in the past 10 years).
Twenty woredas were selected such that across each of the above dimensions the proportion falling into each class for the sample matched as closely as possible the proportions for the entire Ethiopian Nile basin. Peasant associations (administrative units lower than districts) were also purposely selected to include households that irrigate their farms. One peasant association was selected from every woreda for a total of 20 peasant associations. Random sampling was used in selecting 50 households from each peasant administration within the 20 woredas. Thus, the final dataset contains 1,000 observations from 20 woredas in 5 regional states in Ethiopia (Tigray, Amhara, Oromiya, Benishangul Gumuz, and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP)). The related South Africa Limpopo Basin Climate Change Adaptation dataset is also available from IFPRI's website at http://www.ifpri.org/dataset/south-africa-limpopo-basin-climate-change-adaptation-dataset.
Deressa, T. T., R. M. Hassan, and C. Ringler. 2010. Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Science. Published online on August 23.
Deressa, T. T., R. M. Hassan, C. Ringler, T. Alemu, and M. Yesuf. 2009. Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change 19(2): 248-255.
Bryan, E., T. T. Deressa, G. A. Gbetibouo, and C. Ringler. 2009. Adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia and South Africa: Options and constraints. Environmental Science and Policy 12(4): 413-426.
Deressa, T. T., R.M. Hassan, and C. Ringler. 2010. Assessing household vulnerability to climate change: The case of farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. In Finance and banking developments, ed. C. V. Karsone. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers. Pp. 119-136.
The survey was conducted by the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Funding for the survey was provided by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (Germany). The project forms part of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)’s Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF).
Ethiopia Nile Basin Climate Change Adaptation dataset. Food and Water Security under Global Change: Developing Adaptive Capacity with a Focus on Rural Africa. 2010. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (datasets). http://www.ifpri.org/dataset/ethiopia-nile-basin-climate-change-adaptati…