Climate change remains an enormous threat to poor people in developing countries, whose livelihoods typically depend on agriculture, forestry, and other natural resources. Changes in temperature, precipitation, and sea level threaten farmers’ agricultural productivity and their capacity to feed the world’s population, especially given that the global population and demand for food are on the rise. IFPRI’s climate change researchers continue to assess the current and future situation to identify strategic, cost-effective, and pro-poor policy reforms that will enhance human welfare in equitable, sustainable ways. In the past year, IFPRI worked to ensure that agriculture was featured prominently on the agenda of the 2009 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Copenhagen; contributed related research to the 2010 World Development Report; conducted a side event at the 2010 UNFCCC treaty talks in Bonn, Germany; and published six books and briefs
on climate change and adaptation strategies.
Global outlooks and projections are the focus of IFPRI’s Global Futures for Agriculture project. This work involves developing an enhanced version of the International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT), IFPRI’s state-of-the-art economic model that projects future production, consumption, and trade of key agricultural commodities and assesses the effects of climate change, water availability, and other major trends on those projections. The work of the Global Futures project and the next generation of IMPACT will help researchers evaluate the potential impact of expenditures on the world’s most important crops, forests, and livestock.
Other focal areas under the Outlooks and Global Change theme include: