IFPRI’s eight country strategy support programs—in Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda—are intensive, sustained programs of research, policy communications, and capacity building focused on the specific needs of a particular country. The research on pro-poor agriculture and rural development produced through these programs is a source of direct and timely analytical support for national policymakers. Throughout 2010, research topics included analysis of fertilizer marketing and pricing (in Ghana, Malawi, and Nigeria), economywide modeling (Ethiopia, Ghana, and Uganda), and linkages between rural and urban economies. The program in China collaborated with local and international research organizations, including the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, to promote South–South cooperation and conducted research on public policy and rural poverty reduction. The programs in Africa have trained more than 200 women and 500 men in a range of topics, including geographical information systems, computable general equilibrium analysis, statistical packages, and other economic work.
In addition to the programs themselves, IFPRI’s country-specific strategy research in 2010 included an analysis of the relationship between growth and improved nutrition outcomes, which will help policymakers design strategies and prioritize actions for accelerating growth while improving nutrition. IFPRI studies found that economic growth alone is not enough to improve child nutrition and reduce micronutrient malnutrition; rather, pro-growth policy reform must be complemented by strategic health and education investments and targeted nutrition programs. These findings received substantial media coverage in 2010.
Research related to development strategies in 2010 also included an in-depth comparative analysis of structural transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Asia. In this ongoing study, IFPRI researchers and collaborators are analyzing labor productivity across sectors, urbanization over time, and the general equilibrium implications of alternative public investment scenarios. Findings from African case studies (in Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda) and lessons derived from other developing regions will be shared at a 2011 conference in Accra, Ghana, with the aim of informing national policy decisions.
The past year resulted in publications from numerous IFPRI projects on pro-poor public investment, including studies on fertilizer subsidies in Ghana and Nigeria; the political, institutional, and gender contexts of decentralized public spending and provision of goods and services in China, Ethiopia, Ghana, and India; and public expenditure benefit incidence analysis of agricultural and rural programs in Ethiopia. IFPRI completed and launched the Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED) in late 2010. This comprehensive and publicly available resource documents spending information for 67 developing countries and six sectors—agriculture, defense, education, health, social protection, and transportation and communication—over the past three decades.
In 2010, the IFPRI-facilitated program Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) in Africa continued to research ways to achieve and sustain high levels of agricultural productivity, design and implement effective agricultural policies and strategies, and understand which interventions actually lead to successful development outcomes. ReSAKSS resulted in two major achievements in 2010: (1) the validation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework by the African Union Commission and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development Planning and Coordinating Agency, and (2) the establishment of the first country-specific SAKSS node in Rwanda. By the end of 2010, 22 countries had signed CAADP Compacts to promote agriculture-led development in order to achieve economic growth.
Other focal areas under the Development Strategies theme include: