Table 2.1

GHI Scores by Rank

1990 GHI, 1996 GHI, 2001 GHI, and 2012 GHI

Rank Country 1990 1996 2001 2012
1 Azerbaijan - 14.6 7.8 5.0
2 China 11.8 8.9 6.7 5.1
3 Malaysia 9.0 6.7 6.6 5.2
4 Paraguay 7.9 5.8 5.4 5.3
4 Trinidad & Tobago 7.1 7.5 6.2 5.3
6 Gabon 8.4 6.9 7.2 5.4
6 Mauritius 8.0 7.4 6.0 5.4
8 El Salvador 10.1 8.7 5.4 5.7
9 Kyrgyz Republic - 9.0 9.0 5.8
9 South Africa 6.9 6.5 7.4 5.8
11 Turkmenistan - 10.0 8.9 6.9
11 Uzbekistan - 9.0 10.8 6.9
13 Panama 10.1 9.7 8.9 7.0
14 Guyana 14.6 8.9 7.8 7.2
15 Peru 14.5 10.7 9.0 7.4
16 Ecuador 13.5 10.8 8.9 7.5
17 Honduras 13.5 13.2 10.0 7.7
18 Thailand 15.1 11.8 9.2 8.1
19 Suriname 10.3 9.3 10.1 8.5
20 Ghana 21.4 16.3 12.8 8.9
21 Nicaragua 22.4 17.8 12.3 9.1
22 Armenia - 14.3 11.3 9.2
23 Dominican Republic 14.2 11.8 10.9 10.0
24 Swaziland 9.3 12.6 12.9 10.9
25 Mauritania 22.6 16.7 16.6 11.1
26 Vietnam 25.6 21.4 15.5 11.2
27 Congo, Rep. 23.6 24.1 15.7 11.4
28 Mongolia 16.5 17.5 14.8 11.7
29 Lesotho 12.6 13.6 13.9 11.9
30 Indonesia 18.5 15.4 14.2 12.0
31 Philippines 19.9 17.6 14.2 12.2
32 Bolivia 16.9 14.3 12.3 12.3
33 Guatemala 15.2 15.8 15.1 12.7
34 Namibia 20.3 19.1 16.3 13.2
35 Botswana 13.4 15.4 15.7 13.7
35 Senegal 18.3 19.6 19.2 13.7
37 Sri Lanka 20.8 18.4 15.2 14.4
38 Benin 21.3 20.1 16.8 14.6
39 Gambia, The 16.2 20.1 16.3 15.6
40 Nigeria 24.1 20.9 18.2 15.7
41 Tajikistan - 24.1 24.6 15.8
42 Uganda 18.7 20.3 17.3 16.1
43 Mali 27.8 26.3 23.0 16.2
44 Guinea 22.4 20.0 21.6 16.6
45 Malawi 29.9 27.5 22.5 16.7
46 Burkina Faso 23.5 22.4 21.8 17.2
47 Zimbabwe 18.6 22.3 21.3 17.3
48 Cameroon 21.6 22.2 19.0 17.4
49 Côte d'Ivoire 16.5 17.8 16.6 18.2
50 Guinea-Bissau 20.7 20.8 21.4 18.4
51 Liberia 22.7 25.2 25.0 18.9
52 North Korea 15.7 20.1 20.1 19.0
52 Togo 26.4 22.0 23.3 19.0
54 Kenya 20.7 20.8 20.4 19.3
54 Tanzania 23.2 28.0 25.9 19.3
56 Cambodia 31.8 31.5 26.0 19.6
57 Lao PDR 28.6 25.2 23.6 19.7
57 Pakistan 25.5 21.8 21.7 19.7
57 Rwanda 28.2 32.7 25.6 19.7
60 Nepal 26.9 24.4 23.0 20.3
61 Sudan 28.7 24.5 25.9 21.5
62 Djibouti 30.8 25.7 25.3 21.7
63 Niger 36.4 35.9 30.5 22.3
64 Madagascar 24.1 23.8 24.9 22.5
65 India 30.3 22.6 24.2 22.9
66 Mozambique 35.5 30.7 28.8 23.3
66 Zambia 24.8 25.0 27.2 23.3
68 Bangladesh 37.9 36.1 27.8 24.0
69 Angola 41.9 39.9 33.0 24.1
70 Yemen, Rep. 29.0 27.6 27.9 24.3
71 Sierra Leone 32.7 30.1 30.1 24.7
72 Comoros 22.2 26.9 29.7 25.8
73 Central African Rep. 27.4 28.4 27.4 27.3
73 Timor-Leste - - 26.1 27.3
75 Chad 39.3 35.6 30.4 28.3
76 Ethiopia 42.2 38.6 34.5 28.7
77 Haiti 33.9 32.2 25.8 30.8
78 Eritrea - 37.8 37.8 34.4
79 Burundi 31.6 35.9 38.0 37.1

Countries with 2012 GHI Scores Less than 5

Country 1990 1996 2001 2012
Albania 8.5 5.2 8.2 <5
Algeria 6.7 7.3 6 <5
Argentina <5 <5 <5 <5
Belarus - <5 <5 <5
Bosnia & Herzegovina - <5 <5 <5
Brazil 7.4 6.4 5.4 <5
Bulgaria <5 <5 <5 <5
Chile <5 <5 <5 <5
Colombia 9.2 6.8 5.8 <5
Costa Rica <5 <5 <5 <5
Croatia - <5 <5 <5
Cuba <5 6.5 <5 <5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 8 6.7 5.3 <5
Estonia - <5 <5 <5
Fiji 6.3 <5 <5 <5
Georgia - 8.7 6 <5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.8 7.3 5.1 <5
Jamaica 6.7 5 <5 <5
Jordan <5 <5 <5 <5
Kazakhstan - <5 5.4 <5
Kuwait 9.1 <5 <5 <5
Latvia - <5 <5 <5
Lebanon <5 <5 <5 <5
Libya <5 <5 <5 <5
Lithuania - <5 <5 <5
Macedonia, FYR - <5 <5 <5
Mexico 7.9 5.4 <5 <5
Moldova - 5.7 5.2 <5
Montenegro -     <5
Morocco 7.6 6.8 6.2 <5
Romania <5 <5 <5 <5
Russian Federation - <5 <5 <5
Saudi Arabia 6.3 6.2 <5 <5
Serbia -     <5
Slovak Republic - <5 <5 <5
Syrian Arab Republic 6.7 5.7 5.4 <5
Tunisia <5 <5 <5 <5
Turkey 5.7 5.3 <5 <5
Ukraine - <5 <5 <5
Uruguay <5 <5 <5 <5
Venezuela, 6.7 7.1 6.4 <5
Note: Ranked according to 2012 GHI scores. Countries with a 2012 GHI score of less than five are not included in the ranking, and differences between their scores are minimal. Countries that have identical 2012 GHI scores are given the same ranking (for example, Paraguay and Trinidad & Tobago both rank fourth). The following countries could not be included owing to lack of data: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bhutan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Myanmar, Oman, Papua New Guinea, Qatar, and Somalia.