Good governance is widely acknowledged as an important factor for eradicating poverty and promoting development. Policies and institutions needed to reduce hunger and poverty can be hampered by weak state capacity, mismanagement, and corruption, and poor governance reduces the effectiveness of public investment in agricultural infrastructure and services. Smallholder farmers, who typically lack a political voice, are particularly affected by poor governance.
Priorities for Public Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas
As policymakers decide how to allocate public spending to achieve higher growth and poverty reduction, they need a clear understanding of how public investments translate into development outcomes. In many cases policymakers also need better information about how to improve the performance of the institutions that implement public investments.
From Pro-poor public investment homepage:
div class="pullquote" markdown="1">##What's New##
This project’s overall goal is to promote greater progress toward sustainable and pro-poor growth in developing countries by improving the design and implementation of development strategies. The specific objectives are to:
- identify the factors determining countries choices of different development pathways;
- develop typologies that capture the defining characteristics and stages of development of developing countries;
Inadequate policies, institutions, and rural infrastructure lead to agricultural markets that do not function efficiently. As a consequence, the poor pay more for their food and receive less for their produce. To enhance the efficiency of markets, and support their development, the Markets, Trade, and Institutions Division analyzes agricultural market and trade reforms, crop and income diversification, postharvest activity, and agroindustry.
div class='pullquote' markdown='1'>##Project Spotlight##
* A New Approach to Weather Insurance
Producing plentiful, high-quality food in a sustainable fashion is the vital first step toward food and nutrition security. But production is not enough to attain optimum nutrition for all. All people must have access to the right quantity and quality of foods, and to foods that are safe and culturally acceptable. The Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division (PHND) formerly Food Consumption and Nutrition Division (FCND) takes the lead at IFPRI in research to reduce household poverty and ensure food and nutrition security among the world’s poor.