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Mekong, Indus, and Niger map

Agricultural development, ecosystems and their services

Insights from Agent-Based Modeling in the Indus, Mekong and Niger basins  The CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) in conjunction with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and partners is promoting a new…


Energy use in agriculture

Irrigation, mechanization or fertilizer?—tradeoffs and food security implications What is the challenge? Agricultural intensification through the use of high-yielding crop varieties, fertilizers, irrigation, and other agricultural chemicals (f. ex.…


Enhancing Groundwater Simulation in the IMPACT-Water Model

What is the challenge? Groundwater plays an increasingly important role in improving water supply, achieving food security, and reducing poverty. Groundwater storage can increase the resilience of water supply systems, is essential for much of global…


Experimental games for strengthening collective action

What is the challenge? Water is a shared resource, which requires coordination between resource users, but in many cases the necessary collective action to manage water does not emerge. Programs in irrigation or forest management have used community…


Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Small-Scale Irrigation (ILSSI)

What is the challenge? The potential for expanding irrigated agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is still very large, as only six percent of the total cultivated area is irrigated. A great number of women and children could benefit from this…



An Investment Policy Model of the Fisheries Sector in the Pacific Coral Triangle Countries What is the challenge? To alleviate the detrimental impacts of changing climate to the fisheries sector that harm the food security and livelihood opportunities…


Irrigation and smallholder resilience in Nepal

What is the challenge? Empirical evidence on the impact of irrigation on ecosystem services and smallholder resilience is lacking, with a few existing studies showing mixed results. For example, while some studies argue that irrigation contributes to…