2011 GHI - Fact Sheet: Tajikistan Case Study

  • Wheat, which provides nearly three-fifths of the total caloric intake in Tajikistan, accounts for almost half of the country’s irrigated production and almost two-thirds of its rain fed production.

  • In May 2011, the price of wheat in Tajikistan increased by 60-70 percent compared with the previous year.

  • There are limitations to agriculture in the country. Only about 7 percent of the land base is arable, and the country has one of the highest population density levels in the world, with an average 0.14 hectares of arable land per person.

  • The Tajik food security law, enacted in late December 2010, calls for reaching 80 percent self-sufficiency in food supplies, an indication of the government’s acknowledgement of the country’s food situation due to increasing and volatile food prices.

  • Tajikistan imports about 58 percent of its food requirements, so it is particularly vulnerable to world prices as they affect the country at a national level.

  • Price fluctuations are common and tend to follow a seasonal pattern: prices are usually lower during harvest and increase during lean periods. For many, the hungry period starts in February and March when stocks are depleted and ends with the new harvest at the end of June.

  • Welthungerhilfe is supporting sustainable smallholder agriculture by:

    • helping farmers increase agricultural production in ways that are sustainable and resilient to climate change, through measures such as soil protection practices, crop rotation, limited plowing, and more efficient water use; and
    • Supporting farmer organizations to improve access to inputs and foster exchange of knowledge.
  • Welthungerhilfe’s various projects in the Khatlon region have increased agricultural productivity by up to 50 percent especially through the combination of high-quality seeds and organic manure, and decreased the livelihood expenditures of the targeted rural households in the region by up to 30 percent through energy-saving measures.

Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
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