2011 GHI - Facts and Findings: Sub-Saharan Africa

  • The 2011 GHI score fell by 18 percent in Sub-Saharan Africa compared with the 1990 score.

  • Sub-Saharan Africa’s GHI score stagnated between 1990 and 1996, fell slightly until 2001, and declined more markedly up to the period reflected in the 2011 GHI.

  • All of the countries with “extremely alarming” levels of hunger—Burundi, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and Eritrea—are in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Out of six countries in which the hunger situation actually worsened (five of which are in Sub-Saharan Africa), the DRC stands out; its GHI score rose about 63 percent owing to conflict and political instability. The DRC has the highest proportion of undernourished people—about 70 percent of the population.

  • More than 50 percent of the population is also undernourished in Burundi and Eritrea.

  • The DRC has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, along with Afghanistan, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, and Sierra Leone.

  • Among all of the countries ranked in the 2011 Global Hunger Index, Gabon had the lowest score and thus the lowest level of hunger.

  • Only one country in Sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana, is among the ten countries that most improved their GHI scores since 1990, having reduced its score by 59 percent. Ghana’s success resulted from a combination of investments in agriculture, rural development, education, and health, including strong increases in the rate of immunization against common childhood diseases.

Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
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