2012 Global Hunger Index - Country case study: Tanzania

In Tanzania, an estimated 1 million people are food insecure while 42 percent of households have inadequate food.

Tanzania is ranked 54th in the 2012 GHI.

More than 80 percent of people in the country rely on agriculture and 95 percent of the 2.1 million hectares of land under production are cultivated by smallholder farmers who have less than 3 hectares of land.

Although more than 90 percent of famers claim ownership to land, the reality is less than 10 percent of Tanzanian’s hold official title to their land.

Tanzania’s 1999 Land Act No. 4 and Village Land Act No. 5 were established to allow smallholder farmers to formalize land ownership by acquiring a certificate of customary right to occupancy (CCRO) which would allow them to secure land tenure and use the certificates as collateral with financial institutions.

Concern Worldwide is supporting smallholders to secure land title and improve their access to water.

Concern has supported the issuance of more than 9,500 CCROs.

Concern Worldwide has been working in Iringa District, Tanzania since 1978. More than 8,000 land titles have been issues in Iringa, of which more than 6,000 were supported by Concern.

In Iringa, 90 percent of the population earns its living from agriculture and livestock production. While 40 percent of land is suitable for agriculture, just over 23.3 percent is actually cultivated.

Water is a major issue for the farmers of Iringa. Less than 40 percent of the district has irrigation and many farmers are unable to cultivate their land.

Concern’s Integrated Livelihood Programme works with the District Ministry of Agriculture to improve irrigation infrastructure by supporting improvement of canals and construction of water gates.

Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
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