The year 2015 was a watershed moment for the international development community. The endpoint of the Millennium Development Goals highlighted the striking advances made since 1990: extreme poverty, child mortality, and hunger all fell by around half. However, enormous challenges remain. The 2016 Global Food Policy Report reviews major trends, events, and changes affecting food security and nutrition in 2015 and beyond, and explores how the global food system can best contribute to further reductions in hunger, malnutrition, and poverty while ensuring sustainable use of the world’s resources. The year 2016 will be critical for moving from new global and national commitments to action.