By world, and even regional standards, Paraguay’s agricultural R&D investments and institutions are comparatively small and almost entirely dependent upon government and donor funding. The institutional structure has remained virtually unchanged over the past three decades, with the majority of research conducted by the crop and livestock directorates of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock.
Government-performed agricultural R&D is, and has been, highly dependent on donor support in the form of two IDB loans in the 1970s and early-1980s and in more recent years in-kind donor contributions and technical cooperation from countries including Japan, Korea, and Germany. Government funding appears to have decreased during the early-1990s prompting a legislative proposal for the establishment of an independent semipublic agency funded by government and private sources. The proposal was prepared in the mid-1990s, and a decision has been pending since then; more recently the proposal has been put on hold until at least 2002; following a public reform process that is currently underway in Paraguay.