More than a quarter-century after HIV was identified, the long-wave, intergenerational nature of AIDS epidemics is becoming starkly evident. We may have passed the peak of the infection wave in many countries, but the multiple impact waves continue to gather momentum. Advances are indeed being made in prevention, treatment, care, and support. Yet, in 2006 in many of the hardest-hit countries, fewer than one in eight people living with HIV have sustained access to lifesaving drugs. At the same time, we are learning more about the intertwining of HIV and AIDS with poverty, nutrition, and agriculture. It is now clear that, if the Millennium Development Goals on hunger and AIDS are to be met, especially in eastern and southern Africa, we need to continue to research these dynamics and proactively address them through better, AIDS-responsive food policy and programming.
Against this backdrop, the International Food Policy Research Institute convened the International Conference on HIV/AIDS and Food and Nutrition Security: From Evidence to Action in Durban, South Africa, April 14-16, 2005. ... As highlights from the conference, the chapters in this book amply illustrate the diversity of activity and the imperative for interdisciplinary work in this new field. Economists, nutritionists, anthropologists, health specialists, and other development professionals have approached the issue from different angles, often using innovative methods, to generate important new findings.
Chapter 1: AIDS, Poverty, and Hunger: An Overview
Chapter 2: Socioeconomic Characteristics of Individuals Afflicted by AIDS-Related Prime-Age Mortality in Zambia
Chapter 3: HIV/AIDS, Household Income, and Consumption Dynamics in Malawi
Chapter 4: Labor Market and Wage Impacts of HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi
Chapter 5: An Enduring or Dying Peasantry? Interactive Impact of Famine and HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi
Chapter 6: Understanding Rwandan Agricultural Households’ Strategies to Deal with Prime-Age Illness and Death: A Propensity Score Matching Approach
Chapter 7: Chronically Ill Households, Food Security, and Coping Strategies in Rural Zimbabwe
Chapter 8: HIV/AIDS and the Agricultural Sector in Eastern and Southern Africa: Anticipating the Consequences
Chapter 9: The Ecology of Poverty: Nutrition, Parasites, and Vulnerability to HIV/AIDS
Chapter 10: Stigma When There Is No Other Option: Understanding How Poverty Fuels Discrimination toward People Living with HIV in Zambia
Chapter 11: Scaling up Multisectoral Approaches to Combating HIV and AIDS
Chapter 12: Multisectoral HIV/AIDS Approaches in Africa: How Are They Evolving?
Chapter 13: The Rural HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Ethiopia and Its Implications for Market-Led Agricultural Development
Chapter 14: AIDS and Watersheds: Understanding and Assessing Biostructural Interventions
Chapter 15: Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS into Livelihoods and Food Security Programs: The Experience of CARE Malawi
Chapter 16: Measuring the Impact of Targeted Food Assistance on HIV/AIDS-Related Beneficiary Groups: Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators
Chapter 17: Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools: Experience from Mozambique
Chapter 18: HIV/AIDS, Nutrition, and Food Security: Looking to Future Challenges