Are neighbors equal?

estimating local inequality in three developing countries

A methodology to produce disaggregated estimates of inequality is implemented in three developing countries: Ecuador, Madagascar, and Mozambique. These inequality estimates are decomposed into progressively more disaggregated spatial units and the results in all three countries are suggestive that even at a very high level of spatial disaggregation, the contribution of within-community inequality to overall inequality remains very high. The results also indicate there is a considerable amount of variation across communities in all three countries. The basic correlates of local-level inequality are explored, and it is consistently found that geographic characteristics are strongly correlated with inequality, even after controlling for demographic and economic conditions.

Author: 
Elbers, Chris
Lanjouw, Peter
Mistiaen, Johan
Özler, Berk
Simler, Kenneth R.
Published date: 
2003
Publisher: 
UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU/WIDER)
Series number: 
2003/52
PDF file: 
application/pdf iconfcndp147.pdf(352.8KB)