Quantitative data are important in measuring, monitoring, and benchmarking the inputs, outputs, and performance of agricultural science and technology (S&T) systems. They are an indispensable tool when it comes to assessing the contribution of agricultural S&T to agricultural growth and, more generally, economic growth. S&T indicators assist research managers and policymakers in policy formulation and decision-making on strategic planning, priority setting, monitoring, and evaluation. They also provide information to government and other institutions (e.g., policy research institutes, universities, and the private sector) involved in the public debate on the state of agricultural S&T at national, regional, and international levels. This country brief reviews the major investment, capacity, and institutional trends in public agricultural research in Argentina since 1981, using data collected under the Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) in 2007-08.1 It provides important updates on trends in Argentina�s public agricultural research collected by the ASTI initiative during the mid-1990s.