Asynchronous import approvals and the low level presence of traded GM products

A review of policy options with an application to Vietnam

This note summarizes an economic analysis of policy options to manage the low level presence (LLP) of traded genetically modified (GM) products approved in the exporting country but not yet by the importing destination. The results emphasize the benefits of using a simplified authorization procedure with a practical rather than a zero tolerance level, as suggested in a standard adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.

Gruère, Guillaume P.
Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
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