The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) is an African Union/New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) initiative to accelerate growth and reduce poverty and hunger in Africa. CAADP’s primary goal is to assist countries in raising economic growth through agriculture-led development under a common framework reflecting principles and targets defined by African governments to guide their agricultural strategies and investments. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) works with African partners to conduct research and provide analytical support to the establishment of a comprehensive rural development component under the region’s broader development strategies and according to CAADP principles. Research is underway in seven African countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia.
IFPRI provided support throughout the preparation of Rwanda’s CAADP roundtable discussion, the first successful discussion of its kind in Africa. During this process, IFPRI provided analytical input and technical support in designing and establishing country-level knowledge system support nodes to implement CAADP at the country level in Rwanda. The approach required:
- broad consultation with stakeholders in Rwanda; close collaboration with in-country research teams;
- intensive and comprehensive review of existing strategies, plans, and resource allocations in the agricultural and rural sector;
- development of an integrated framework combining econometric and general equilibrium approaches to analyze the role of agriculture in growth and poverty reduction and to examine policies and public investment options affecting smallholders within a broader development framework; and
- capacity building to foster country ownership and sustainability of strategy research in Rwanda.
The research results of IFPRI and its partners were captured in the main background report and in a series of policy briefs prepared for the CAADP roundtable, where the CAADP compact was signed. The Government of Rwanda has moved to a second phase that emphasizes the formulation of policy and investment strategy options for sustained agricultural growth, poverty reduction, and food security, and IFPRI has started further research analysis to support this implementation process. Rwanda’s CAADP process has set an example emphasizing evidence-based policymaking for other countries in their CAADP alignment processes. A similar process is underway in many African countries, and IFPRI is providing analytic support in the countries mentioned above.