Cropland restoration as an essential component to the forest landscape restoration approach - Global effects of widescale adoption

Alessandro De Pinto, Richard D. Robertson, Salome Begeladze, Chetan Kumar, Ho Young Kwon, Timothy S. Thomas, Nicola Cenacchi, Jawoo Koo
ifpri discussion paper
2017

Existing approaches and methodologies that investigate effects of land degradation on food security vary greatly. Although a relatively rich body of literature that investigates localized experiences, geophysical and socioeconomic drivers of land degradation, and the costs and benefits of avoiding land degradation already exists, less rigorously explored are the global effects of restoring degraded landscapes. The current scale of land degradation is such that the problem can be meaningfully addressed only if local successes are upscaled and a large number of landowners and land managers implement restoration activities. Significant global efforts to address degradation exist, but studies that evaluate the global benefits of these efforts generally do not account for global market forces and the complex web of relationships that determine the effects of wide-scale restoration on production and food security. This paper provides important insights into how a meaningful integration of crop production in restoration efforts could impact food production levels, commodity prices, food security, and other environmentally significant metrics.