Determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in Nile Basin of Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s agricultural sector, which is dominated by smallscale, mixed-crop, and livestock farming, is the mainstay of the country’s economy. It constitutes more than half of the country’s gross domestic product, generates more than 85 percent of foreign exchange earnings, and employs about 80 percent of the population. Unfortunately, Ethiopia’s dependence on agriculture makes the country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change on crop and livestock production. Thus, a deeper understanding of the complex interdependence between changing climatic conditions and Ethiopia’s agricultural sector — together with adaptation options — is crucial.

Additional information about farmers’ awareness of climate change and current adaptation approaches would assist policymakers in their efforts to decrease the country’s vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change. This brief is based on a study that endeavors to guide policymakers on ways to promote greater adaptation by identifying the household characteristics that increase farmers’ awareness of climate change and influence farmers’ decision to adapt.

Deressa, Temesgen Tadesse
Hassan, Rashid M.
Ringler, Claudia
Alemu, Tekie
Yesuf, Mahmud
Published date: 
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Ethiopia Development Research Institute (EDRI)
Series number: 
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