We estimate households’ willingness-to-pay for rural feeder roads in Ethiopia. Using a quasi-experimental setting, we find that the benefits of reducing transportation costs by 50 US dollars per metric ton of goods (agricultural surplus, purchased consump-tion goods, purchased agricultural inputs) would result in benefits worth roughly 35 percent of household consumption. A hypo-thetical gravel road of 21 km (a road built halfway through the survey site) that lasts 10 years will have an internal rate of return (a measure for the profitability of an investment) that ranges from 12 to 34 percent, using conservative assumptions. These re-sults suggest that investments in rural feeder roads are cost-effective ways to help reduce widespread poverty even in unfavora-ble settings where small-scale farmers have low levels of marketed agricultural surplus, nonfarm earnings opportunities are neg-ligible, and the provision of motorized transport services is not guaranteed.
Summary of ESSP II working paper 40
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)