Global Nutrition Report 2015

Global Nutrition Report 2015: Actions and accountability to advance nutrition and sustainable development

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
global nutrition report
2015

With one in three people malnourished worldwide, nutrition is a powerful driver of sustainable development—it has the power to either propel the agenda forward or hold it back.

Children whose growth is stunted, people who don’t get enough vitamins and minerals for a healthy life, adults who are overweight and obese—malnutrition takes many forms and affects every country on earth. A problem of staggering size, malnutrition is widespread enough to threaten the world’s sustainable development ambitions.

The Global Nutrition Report 2015 is a report card on the world’s nutrition—globally, regionally, and country by country—and on efforts to improve it. It assesses countries’ progress in meeting global nutrition targets established by the World Health Assembly. It documents how well countries, aid donors, NGOs, businesses, and others are meeting the commitments they made at the major Nutrition for Growth summit in 2013. And it spells out the actions that proven effective in combating malnutrition in all its forms.

The 2015 report makes it clear that global progress to reduce malnutrition has been slow and uneven. Nearly half of all countries face multiple serious burdens of malnutrition such as poor child growth, micronutrient deficiency, and adult overweight and obesity. No country is on track to achieve the global nutrition targets established by the World Health Assembly.

The second in an annual series, the Global Nutrition Report 2015 also highlights the critical relationship between climate change and nutrition, as well as the pivotal role business can play in advancing nutrition. It considers how countries can build food systems that are more nutrition friendly and sustainable.

With a wealth of data and analysis, the report aims to improve accountability among the governments, institutions, businesses, and others whose actions affect people’s nutrition. It is accompanied by extensive supplementary online data, including nutritional profiles for 193 countries, 6 regions, and 22 subregions.

Table of Contents

Supplementary Online Materials
Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Executive Summary
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Assessing Progress against Nutrition Status Targets
Chapter 3 Progress against Nutrition for Growth Commitments
Chapter 4 Tracking Actions to Address Malnutrition in All Its Forms
Chapter 5 Scaling Up Financial and Capacity Resources for Nutrition
Chapter 6 Climate Change and Nutrition
Chapter 7 Indicators for Nutrition-Friendly and Sustainable Food Systems
Chapter 8 Strengthening Accountability for Business in Nutrition
Chapter 9 Strengthening Accountability: Lessons from Inside and Outside Nutrition
Chapter 10 Ten Calls to Action to Increase Accountability for Nutrition Actions
Appendix 1 Progress in Meeting Nutrition Status Targets
Appendix 2 Progress in Meeting Nutrition for Growth Commitments
Appendix 3 Scaling Up Financial and Capacity Resources for Nutrition
Notes
References

PANELS
Panel 1.1 The Scale of Malnutrition | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #33
Panel 1.2 Momentum for Improving Nutrition Is Growing | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #35
Panel 1.3 The Economic Benefits of Improved Nutrition | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #36
Panel 1.4 Key Facts from the Global Nutrition Report 2014 | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #37
Panel 2.1 Extent of Wasting and Stunting in the Same Children | Carmel Dolan, Martha Mwangome, and Tanya Khara | PDF page #55
Panel 4.1 What Can the Fight against HIV/AIDS Teach Us about Creating an Enabling Political Environment? | Maurice A. Bloem | PDF page #71
Panel 4.2 Colombia’s Success in Fighting Malnutrition: Aided by Economics and Policy, Threatened by Obesity | Diana Parra and Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #74
Panel 4.3 The Transition of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme to Greater Nutrition Sensitivity | Ndrea Warren | PDF page #76
Panel 4.4 What’s behind Tanzania’s Sharp Decline in Child Stunting? | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #85
Panel 4.5 Healthy Together Victoria: An Approach to Tackling Obesity in Australia | Helley Bowen | PDF page #86
Panel 5.1 Tanzania’s Public Spending on Nutrition | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #89
Panel 5.2 National Spending Targets for Nutrition: What Can We Learn from the Abuja and Maputo Declarations? | Francis Roberts and Marie Rumsby | PDF page #100
Panel 5.3 From Global Mantra to Local Results: Scaling Up Impact on Nutrition | Stuart Gillespie, Purnima Menon, and Andrew Kennedy | PDF page #101
Panel 5.4 Developing Future Leaders in Nutrition | Kathleen M. Rasmussen, Johann Jerling, and Jef L. Leroy | PDF page #102
Panel 6.1 Time to Take Seasonality More Seriously | Emily Bielecki and Jere Haas | PDF page #109
Panel 6.2 Bangladesh and Rice: At the Intersection of Climate and Nutrition | Madeleine Thomson | PDF page #111
Panel 7.1 Building a Typology of Food Systems | Rachel Nugent, Carol Levin, and Daniel Grafton | PDF page #116
Panel 7.2 Nutrition in the Republic of Korea: The Need to Build on Healthy Traditional Diets | Hee Young Paik | PDF page #118
Panel 7.3 Selecting Indicators to Measure Food System Outcomes | Rachel Nugent, Carol Levin, and Daniel Grafton | PDF page #120
Panel 7.4 The Political Economy of Food Systems | Olivier de Schutter | PDF page #126
Panel 8.1 Two Hot-Button Issues: The Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes and Conflict of Interest | Ellen Piwoz | PDF page #129
Panel 8.2 Public-Private Partnerships for Reducing Undernutrition | John Hoddinott, Stuart Gillespie, and Sivan Yosef | PDF page #132
Panel 9.1 Lessons from a Scorecard of Countries’ Progress against Malaria | Melanie Renshaw and Joy Phumaphi | PDF page #140
Panel 9.2 Why Are There So Many Nutrition Data Gaps in European Countries? | Lawrence Haddad | PDF page #141
Panel 9.3 India: Too Much Data or Too Little? | Aparna John and Purnima Menon | PDF page #143
Panel 9.4 New Nutrition Data Need to Add Clarity, Not Confusion: The Case of Mali | Yves Martin-Prével and Patrick Eozénou | PDF page #144
Panel 9.5 Using Post-Event Coverage Surveys to Inform Nutrition Program Coverage and Quality | Jessica Blankenship | PDF page #145
Panel 9.6 Mobile Phones for Nutrition Surveillance: Strong Potential, Little Evidence | Inka Barnett | PDF page #146
Panel 9.7 Access to Medicine Index: Accountability and Leveraging | Damiano de Felice | PDF page #147
Panel 9.8 Improving Accountability for Nutrition Actions during Emergencies | Carmel Dolan, Jeremy Shoham, Lola Gostelow, and Dayna Brown | PDF page #148

ONLINE APPENDIXES
Appendix 4: Assessment of the Global Nutrition Report 2014
Appendix 5: Additional Assessments of Country Progress toward Global Nutrition Targets
Appendix 6: Characteristics of Three Major Nutrition Leadership Development Programs
Appendix 7: Classifying Food Systems and Diets
Appendix 8: Summary of Access to Nutrition Index Scores
Appendix 9: Survey Data from India
Appendix 10: Coverage Estimates of Treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)

N4G TRACKING TABLES
Country progress: Nutrition for Growth tracking table
UN progress: Nutrition for Growth (N4G) tracking table
Business progress: Nutrition for Growth tracking table
Civil society organization (CSO) progress: Nutrition for Growth tracking table
Donor progress: Nutrition for Growth tracking table
Other organizations’ progress: Nutrition for Growth (N4G) tracking table