Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change

How can African agriculture adapt to climate change: Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

Temesgen T. Deressa, Rashid M. Hassan, Claudia Ringler, Tekie Alemu, Mahmud Yesuf
how can african agriculture adapt to climate change
research brief
2008

Ethiopia's agricultural sector, which is dominated by smallscale, mixed-crop, and livestock farming, is the mainstay of the country's economy. It constitutes more than half of the country's gross domestic product, generates more than 85 percent of foreign exchange earnings, and employs about 80 percent of the population. Unfortunately, Ethiopia's dependence on agriculture makes the country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change on crop and livestock production. Thus, a deeper understanding of the complex interdependence between changing climatic conditions and Ethiopia's agricultural sector- together with adaptation options-is crucial.

Additional information about farmers' awareness of climate change and current adaptation approaches would assist policymakers in their efforts to decrease the country's vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change. This brief is based on a study that endeavors to guide policymakers on ways to promote greater adaptation by identifying the household characteristics that increase farmers' awareness of climate change and influence farmers' decision to adapt.