IFPRI's first report is a partial analysis of the world food problem and attempts to indicate precisely the location and magnitude of possible food deficits in developing market economies.With this report, IFPRI is inaugurating a research program on international food policy issues and the alternatives tht are available to deal with them, especially the issues of major importance to developing countries. The aim of the IFPRI research is to help clarify the problems and identify solutions to prevent the worsening of what is already a serious problem.
This report is concerned with the food needs of more than half the people on earth--those who live in developing countries classified as developing market economies (DME), as distinct from those in the People's Republic of China and other Asian Centrally Planned economies. By 1985, their numbers will exceed 2.5 billion people, of whom 2.2 billion may well be living in food deficit countries, if production performanc since 1960 is not repeated in the next decade. For most, their present situation is precarious. It is likely to turn much more alarming, unless actions are taken to forestall it.