Public Expenditure Database

Statistics of public expenditure for economic development (SPEED)


Public expenditure is one of the most important tools for government interventions. Development practitioners, donors and the general public have increasingly requested expenditure accountability and transparency from governments. Transparency in public spending allows governments to track, monitor and evaluate the flows, efficiency and impacts of public resource allocation. A better understanding of the linkages between public expenditure and development can provide further insight into overall poverty reduction strategies and other key objectives of economic and human development.

Against this background, IFPRI has compiled the Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED) database, providing the most comprehensive and publicly available public expenditure information for 147 countries in the following sectors: agriculture, education, health, defense, social protection, mining, transport and communication (as well as these two sectors separately), and total expenditure for the period of 1980-2010.

Downloadable ZIP file

  • Data file: the entire dataset as well as a description of its contents;
  • User manual: detailed source and data management information;
  • Ready-to-use graphs of various types by sectors, regions, and countries

Online resources

  • Data visualization tool (Tableau): an interactive tool that allows the user to quickly compare, analyze and graph expenditure trends across different countries (embedded below);
  • Linked Open Data (LOD) version: a machine-friendly version for IT developers that shares and updates the data dynamically across multiple websites;

For more information, please contact Bingxin Yu.