The 2015 version of SPEED contains information from 10 public expenditure sectors in 147 countries from 1980 to 2012. Sectors include agriculture, communication, education, defense, health, mining, social protection, fuel and energy, transport, and transport and communication (as a group).
IFPRI researchers have compiled data from multiple sources, including the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and national governments, and conducted extensive data checks and adjustments to ensure consistent spending measurements over time that are free of exchange-rate fluctuations and currency denomination changes.
SPEED is led by IFPRI and funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM).
Note: Differences between the 2010, 2013 and 2015 datasets may arise from revisions of the public expenditure data as well as other variables such as population, deflators, exchange rates, and total and agricultural GDPs.
For more information, please contact Samuel Benin.