In 2002, the African Union Commission (AUC) adopted the comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) as one of the main components of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). CAADP serves as a continentwide framework to guide efforts by African governments to accelerate growth and progress toward poverty reduction and food and nutrition security by revitalizing agriculture and rural development.
More specifically, the CAADP agenda asks African governments to adopt policies and programs and raise investments to achieve a growth rate of 6 percent and a budget share of 10 percent for the agricultural sector. For most African countries, achieving the above objectives will require significant increases in agricultural expenditures and a much greater efficiency in planning and executing investments in the agricultural sector. In addition, CAADP promotes a set of core principles such as inclusive dialogue, peer review, benchmarking, and mutual learning in order to improve the quality of governance as well as policy and program design and implementation in the sector, which will thereby raise the chances of success. Ensuring that the principles listed above are followed and the growth and budget targets are met requires that policies and programs are well planned, growth and poverty reduction outcomes better evaluated and tracked, lessons drawn, and best practices documented and disseminated.