Uganda has been in the midst of a major transformation toward economic growth and poverty reduction since the late 1980s. In the 1990s, Uganda’s gross domestic product grew steadily by more than 6 percent a year, and between 1992 and 2000 the proportion of the population living below the poverty line declined from 56 percent to 35 percent. This remarkable turnaround has been achieved through sound policies linked to investments and economic liberalization undertaken by Uganda’s government with support from several development partners. Yet challenges in the areas of poverty reduction and sustainable development—such as poverty in rural areas, public expenditure efficiency in the agricultural and rural sectors, competitiveness on regional and global markets, and
environmental degradation—still remain.
IFPRI was invited by the Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) secretariat to help address these challenges by providing policy relevant research for the design and implementation of Uganda’s agricultural and rural development strategies.