Value chain analysis of the Kenyan poultry industry

The case of Kiambu, Kilifi, Vihiga, and Nakuru Districts

The Kenyan poultry industry is characterized by dualism, comprised of both smallholder and large-scale poultry producers. The industry is characterized by two main production systems namely (i) the commercial hybrid poultry production system and (ii) the indigenous poultry production system. This study examines the poultry industry in Kenya with the aim of identifying the actors, assessing poultry and poultry product flows, and highlighting some of the policies and regulations relevant to potential outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Kenya. Specific aims included:

i) Characterizing the structure of the value chain;
ii) Assessing the relative importance of specific flows of poultry and poultry products;
iii) Identifying the various actors involved in the poultry trade and their linkages;
iv) Providing insights on potential pathways of HPAI introduction in the value chain

The study was conducted in Kikuyu and Ndeiya Divisions in Kiambu District, Vihiga and Sabatia Divisions in Vihiga District, Nakuru and Rongai Divisions of Nakuru District, and Kikambala and Ganze Divisions of Kilifi District. The study areas were selected based on their relative density of poultry populations. A value chain approach was employed that entailed the use of semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with various stakeholders including hatcheries, farmers, input sellers, processors, retailers and other intermediaries in four different value chains: commercial broilers, commercial layers/eggs, indigenous chicken, and guinea fowl/ducks.

Okello, Julius J.
Gitonga, Zachary
Mutune, Jane
Okello, Ruth M.
Afande, Martin
Rich, Karl M.
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International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and Royal Veterinary College (RVC)
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