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discussion paper

Land degradation in the developing world

By the year 2020 land degradation may pose a serious threat to food production and rural livelihoods, particularly in poor and densely populated areas of the developing world. Appropriate policies are required to encourage land-improving investments…

discussion paper

Water and land in South Africa

The paper presents a Watershed Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model for the Olifants River Catchment." A CGE provides an appropriate framework in which to explore policy alternatives for achieving more efficient water and land use.

discussion paper

Tiger or turtle?

A dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is used to explore alternative scenarios for 1990-2020 in areas critical for Egypt's economy-- productivity growth, investment, foreign trade, and water. The model is formulated as a…

brief

Middle East water conflicts and directions for conflict resolution

In looking toward 2020, one of the most severe problems to be faced is an impending shortage of adequate supplies of fresh water essential for drinking and for growing crops. The Middle East, where a few waterways serve large areas of land belonging…

discussion paper

Structural changes in the demand for food in Asia.

This paper presents an overview of changing food consumption patterns in Taiwan and China. It finds that consumption of meat quadrupled in Taiwan between the periods 1959-61 and 1989-91, while per capita rice consumption declined by one-half. In…

brief

Reducing poverty and protecting the environment

Faced with limited resources and the need to feed 90 million more people every year, governments and donors want to know whether they should invest in regions with inherent potential to be highly productive, or in less-favored areas where large…

brief

Structural changes in the demand for food in Asia

This paper presents an overview of changing food consumption patterns in Taiwan and China. It finds that consumption of meat quadrupled in Taiwan between the periods 1959-61 and 1989-91, while per capita rice consumption declined by one-half. In…

discussion paper

Sociopolitical effects of new biotechnologies in developing countries

Assuring food security for the next 25 years requires meeting a number of political, social, economic, and technical challenges. One of these is the successful use of new biotechnologies in agriculture. Research in recombinant genetics and…

discussion paper

Russia's food economy in transition

This discussion paper focuses on the food economy of Russia, to see what effect reforms are likely to have on Russia's ability to produce food and feed its people in the next decade (the forecasts extend only to 2005 because longer-term projections…

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