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book chapter

The concept of the global hunger index

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and national levels. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) calculates GHI scores each year to assess progress and…

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Policy recommendations

Although enough food is produced globally to feed the world, hunger persists—largely the product of various and severe inequalities. Yet neither hunger nor inequality is inevitable; both are rooted in uneven power relations that often are perpetuated…

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Global, regional, and national trends

As the issue of famine looms large, it is easy to lose sight of the progress that has been made in the fight against hunger and undernutrition. The 2017 Global Hunger Index shows positive developments on many fronts, but there are still deep…

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Inequality, hunger, and malnutrition: Power matters

The uneven distribution of hunger and nutrition reflects the unequal distribution of power in the food system. In its hourglass shape, the power at the center amplifies poverty and marginalization at both ends of the system: at one end, small-scale…

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Assessing progress against nutrition status targets

This chapter tracks countries’ progress in improving the nutrition status of their populations. It begins by assessing countries’ progress at meeting the targets for reducing undernutrition by 2025, set by the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2012.1 As…

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Strengthening accountability: Lessons from inside and outside nutrition

Accountability is the glue that connects commitment to action, and so strengthening it is a priority. Exercising accountability in nutrition is challenging because improving nutrition requires many different sectors to come together without an obvious…

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Tracking actions to address malnutrition in all its forms

To hold governments and other national stakeholders accountable for their actions to improve nutrition, it is critical to track their progress in implementing interventions, programs, and policies. This chapter reviews the degree to which these…

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Ten calls to action to increase accountability for nutrition actions

As we move into the era of the sustainable development goals (SDGS), the world faces many seemingly intractable problems. Malnutrition should not be one of them. Countries that are determined to make rapid advances in malnutrition reduction can do so.…

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Progress against nutrition for growth commitments

The issue of nutrition had an important moment in the spotlight in 2013. At the nutrition for growth (N4G) summit in London that year, governments, UN agencies, civil society organizations, businesses, donors, and other organizations gathered to…

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Strengthening accountability for business in nutrition

The actions and activities of businesses have a profound effect on nutrition outcomes. Businesses—large, medium, and small enterprises that employ people for wages—produce goods and services that are critical determinants of nutrition, including food…

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