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brief

From parastatals to private trade

Governments in Asia used grain price stabilization as a major policy instrument when they began to promote the Green Revolution in the 1960s. In the process, they created parastatal agencies, which were quasi-governmental in nature, to undertake…

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Market institutions

This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on rural…

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The sensitivity of calorie-income demand elasticity to price changes

The calorie-income demand elasticity is an important parameter in the development literature and in the policy arena. Yet, there is very little evidence on the extent to which it can be considered as an unchanging parameter or a time-shifting…

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Land, trees, and women

This research report examines three questions that are central to IFPRI research: How do property-rights institutions affect efficiency and equity? How are resources allocated within households? Why does this matter from a policy perspective? As part…

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Women: the key to food security

This brief examines the key roles that women play in ensuring food security and makes three recommendations of ways to strengthen the food security through policies and programs that enhance women's abilities and resources to fulfill their roles.

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Individualization of land rights and gender-differentiated inheritance in matrilineal Sumatra

This paper examines the equity implications of the evolution of land rights from communal land tenure to individualization in customary land areas in Western Sumatra. This brief sets forth policy implications: Preference for sons in the inheritance of…

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Land tenure and farm management efficiency

This study attempts to identify the impacts of land tenure institutions on the efficiency of farm management based on a case study of paddy rice and upland cinnamon production in the Kerinci Valley in West Sumatra, where most of Indonesia’s cinnamon…